Johann Zoffany  
Johann Zoffany

Johann Zoffany. Self-portrait, c.1775
Johann Zoffany, Zoffani or Zauffelij RA (13 March 1733 – 11 November 1810) was a German neoclassical painter, active mainly in England. His works appear in many prominent British national galleries such as the National Gallery, London, the Tate Gallery and in the Royal Collection.
John Zoffany, also spelled Johann Zoffani, original name probably Johann Joseph Zauffely, also spelled Zauphaly (born c. 1733, Frankfurt am Main [Germany]—died Nov. 11, 1810, Strand-on-the-Green, Middlesex, Eng.), German-born portrait painter who in late 18th-century England made his reputation with paintings depicting episodes from contemporary theatre and with portraits and conversation pieces (i.e., paintings of groups of people in their customary surroundings).

Zoffany, after studying in Germany and Italy, went to England about 1758. Following the lead of William Hogarth, he painted scenes from London’s theatrical productions. Notable in this genre are his paintings of the famed actor David Garrick in his many West End successes—e.g., “The Farmer’s Return” (1762). His portraits were popular with George III, who became his patron and for whom he produced “Queen Charlotte with Her Sons, the Prince of Wales and the Duke of York.”

In 1772 Zoffany went to Italy with the king’s financial help and there, during a seven-year stay, executed “The Tribuna of the Uffizi” (1780) for the royal family. This celebrated work shows a group of connoisseurs admiring paintings and sculptures in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. He worked as a portraitist in India from 1783 to 1789, and when he returned to England he painted such notable portraits as “Charles Towneley Among His Marbles” (1790).

Zoffany was a founder-member of the Royal Academy (1768). He possessed brilliant technical skills and introduced greater liveliness and personal anecdote into English conversation pieces.

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Portrait of Ann Brown in the Role of Miranda
c. 1770
Oil on canvas, 218 x 159 cm
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

Portrait of Don Ferdinando di Borbone, Duke of Parma
Oil on canvas, 84 x 112 cm
Private collection

Portrait of Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
Oil on canvas, 73 x 43 cm
Private collection

Prince Ernest Gottlob Albert of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Oil on canvas, 125,7 x 100,3 cm
Royal Collection, Windsor

Charles Towneley in his Sculpture Gallery
Oil on canvas, 127 x 102 cm
Art Gallery and Museum, Burnley

The Tribuna of the Uffizi
Oil on canvas, 124 x 155 cm
Royal Collection, Windsor

The Tribuna of the Uffizi (detail)
Oil on canvas
Royal Collection, Windsor

Colonel Mordaunt's Cock Match
Oil on canvas, 104 x 150 cm
Tate Gallery, London


The Dutton Family, approx. 1765, oil on canvas, Farley Hall in England.

The Death Of Cook

Portrait Of Giacomo Cervetto

Self-portrait, circa 1776.

Self-portrait as David with the head of Goliath, 1756.

David Garrick and his Wife by his Temple to Shakespeare at Hampton (circa 1762)

Queen Charlotte with her Two Eldest Sons (1765)

Queen Charlotte with her Two Eldest Sons (detail)

A Scene from "Love in a Village" by Isaac Bickerstaffe (1767)

The Family of Sir William Young (circa 1768)

The Family of Sir William Young (detail)

The Reverend Randall Burroughs and his son Ellis (1769)

Mrs Woodhull (circa 1770)

David Garrick as Abel Drugger in Jonson's The Alchemist (circa 1770)

George III (1771)

The Portraits of the Academicians of the Royal Academy (1771–72)

Sir Lawrence Dundas and his Grandson Lawrence (circa 1775)

The Sharp Family (circa 1780)