John Sloan  
John Sloan

John French Sloan, (born Aug. 2, 1871, Lock Haven, Pa., U.S.—died Sept. 7, 1951, Hanover, N.H.), American painter, etcher and lithographer, cartoonist, and illustrator, known for the vitality of his depictions of everyday life in New York City in the early 20th century.

Sloan was a commercial newspaper artist in Philadelphia, where he studied with Robert Henri. He followed Henri to New York, where in 1908 Henri, Sloan, and six others exhibited together as “The Eight.” Sloan’s realistic paintings of urban genre gave rise to the epithet “Ashcan School.” For most of his life Sloan taught intermittently and, interested in social reform, did illustrations for the socialist periodical The Masses. In 1939 he published The Gist of Art.

His best period was from 1900 to 1920. In works such as “Sunday, Women Drying Their Hair” (1912); “McSorley’s Bar” (1912); and “Backyards, Greenwich Village” (1914), he drew his inspiration directly from life, from the warm, pungent humanity of the New York scene. They are usually sympathetic portrayals of working men and women. More rarely his works evoke a mood of romantic melancholy, as in the “Wake of the Ferry” (1907). Occasionally, as in “Fifth Avenue Critics,” Sloan imparted a sharp, satiric note into his work. Late in life Sloan turned back to the Art Nouveau motifs which had characterized his early work.

Encyclopædia Britannica


Surtidor en Madison Square

Green's Cat

Chinese Restaurant

East Entrance, City Hall, Philadelphia

Young Woman in Black and White

Gray and Brass

Clown Making Up

Movies, Five Cents

South Beach Bathers

Hairdresser's Window

Easter Eve

A Woman's Work

Wake of the Ferry



A Gloucester Day

The Cot

The Haymarket

Backyards, Greenwich Village

Gladys Carter

Wonson's Rocks and Ten Pound Island

Fishing Port, Gloucester


Gloucester Inlet

McSorley's Bar

Renganeschi's Saturday Night


Three A.M.

Sunday, Women Drying Their Hair

Foggy Bank, Rocky Neck

The Picnic Grounds

Spring, Grammercy Park

Gloucester Harbor

Pink and Blue

Sally and Paul

Scrubwoman, Astor Library


Nude At Piano

Spring Planting, Greenwich Village

The Lookout - Green and Orange Cliffs, Gloucester

Cornelia Street