Jacob van Ruisdael  
Jacob van Ruisdael
Jacob van Ruisdael, (b Haarlem, 1628–9; d Amsterdam, c. 10 March 1682; bur Haarlem, 14 March 1682).

Dutch painter, draughtsman and etcher. He is regarded as the principal figure among Dutch landscape painters of the second half of the 17th century. His naturalistic compositions and style of representing massive forms and his colour range constituted a new direction away from the ‘tonal phase’ (c. 1620–c. 1650) associated with the previous generation of landscape painters and exemplified by the work of his uncle Salomon van Ruysdael, Jan van Goyen, Cornelis Vroom, Pieter Molijn and others. Ruisdael showed unusual versatility: he produced several distinct landscape types—mountainous, woodland and river settings, waterfalls, beach and dune scenes, seascapes, panoramas and winter scenes—and created images that were both innovative and among the best in their category. He was not apparently interested in the fashion for Italianate landscapes but stands out as a unique talent in the context of such notable contemporaries as Aelbert Cuyp and Philips Koninck. His oeuvre comprises c. 700 paintings and c. 100 drawings, the majority undated.


View of Amsterdam
Oil on canvas, 52,5 x 43,5 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest

Sunrise in a Wood
after 1670
Oil on canvas, 90 x 77 cm
Wallace Collection, London

Two Watermills and an Open Sluice near Singraven
Oil on canvas, 87,3 x 111,5 cm
National Gallery, London

Bentheim Castle
Oil on canvas
National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin

The Castle at Bentheim
Oil on canvas, 97,7 x 81,3
Private collection, Norfolk

The Great Oak
Oil on canvas
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles

Landscape with a House in the Grove
about 1646
Oil on canvas, 105 x 162 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Two Water Mills and an Open Sluice
Oil on canvas
Private collection

Two Undershot Water-Mills with Men Opening a Sluice
Oil on oak panel, 54 x 68 cm
Private collection

The Dam Square in Amsterdam
c. 1670
Oil on canvas, 52 x 65 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin


View of Haarlem with Bleaching Grounds
c 1665
Oil on canvas, 62,2 x 55,2 cm
Kunsthaus, Zurich

Winter Landscape
Oil on canvas, 42 x 49,7 cm
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

The Jewish Cemetery
Oil on canvas, 84 x 95 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden

The Jewish Cemetery
c 1657
Oil on canvas, 141 x 182.9 cm
Institute of Arts, Detroit

The Large Forest
Oil on canvas, 140 x 180 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Landscape with Church and Village
Oil on canvas, 59,1 x 73,2 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich