Salvator Rosa  
Salvator Rosa

Self-portrait, circa 1645 (Musée des Beaux-Arts de Strasbourg)
Salvator Rosa, (born June 20, 1615, Arenella, Sicily, Spanish Habsburg domain [now in Italy]—died March 15, 1673, Rome, Papal States [Italy]), Italian Baroque painter and etcher of the Neapolitan school remembered for his wildly romantic or “sublime” landscapes, marine paintings, and battle pictures. He was also an accomplished poet, satirist, actor, and musician.

Rosa studied painting in Naples, coming under the influence of the Spanish painter and engraver José de Ribera. Rosa went to Rome in 1635 to study, but he soon contracted malaria. He returned to Naples, where he painted numerous battle and marine pictures and developed his peculiar style of landscape—picturesquely wild scenes of nature with shepherds, seamen, soldiers, or bandits—the whole infused with a romantic poetic quality.

His reputation as a painter preceded his return to Rome in 1639. Already famous as an artist, he also became a popular comic actor. During the Carnival of 1639 he rashly satirized the famous architect and sculptor Gian Lorenzo Bernini, thereby making a powerful enemy. For some years thereafter the environment of Florence was more comfortable for him than that of Rome. In Florence he enjoyed the patronage of Cardinal Giovanni Carlo de’ Medici. Rosa’s own house became the centre of a literary, musical, and artistic circle called the Accademia dei Percossi; here also Rosa’s flamboyant personality found expression in acting. In 1649 he returned and finally settled in Rome. Rosa, who had regarded his landscapes more as recreation than as serious art, now turned largely to religious and historical painting. In 1660 he began etching and completed a number of successful prints. His satires were posthumously published in 1710.

Encyclopædia Britannica

Portrait of a Man
Oil on canvas, 78 x 65 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Democritus in Meditation
c. 1650
Oil on canvas, 344 x 214 cm
Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen

A Friar Tempted by Demons
Oil on canvas 65 x 83 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome

Anchorites Tempted by Demons
Oil on canvas 65 x 83 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome

Diogenes Casting away his Cup
Oil on canvas, 219 x 148 cm
Private collection

Evening Landscape
Oil on canvas, 99 x 151 cm
Private collection

Human Fragility
Oil on canvas, 199 x 134 cm
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge

Grotto with Cascades
Oil on canvas, 65 x 49 cm
Galleria Palatina (Palazzo Pitti), Florence

Harbour with Ruins
Oil on canvas, 87,5 x 111 cm
Szépmûvészeti Múzeum, Budapest

Heroic Battle
Oil on canvas, 214 x 351 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris

Marine Landscape with Towers
after 1645
Oil on canvas, 102 x 127 cm
Galleria Palatina (Palazzo Pitti), Florence

Odysseus and Nausicaa
Oil on canvas, 195 x 144 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Portrait of a Philosopher
Oil on canvas, 119 x 93 cm
Private collection

Portrait of the Artist's Wife Lucrezia
Oil on canvas, 66 x 50,5 cm
Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica, Rome

The Prodigal Son
Oil on canvas, 254 x 201 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Pythagoras and the Fisherman
Oil on canvas, 132 x 188 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin

River Landscape with Apollo and the Cumean Sibyl
c. 1655
Oil on canvas, 174 x 259 cm
Wallace Collection, London

The Shade of Samuel Appears to Saul
Oil on canvas, 275 x 191 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris

Oil on canvas, 99 x 79 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

Self-Portrait as Philosopher of Silence
c. 1641
Oil on canvas, 116 x 94 cm
National Gallery, London

View of the Gulf of Salerno
Oil on canvas, 170 x 260 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

Oil on canvas
Galleria Chigi Saracini, Siena

Rocky Landscape with a Huntsman and Warriors
c. 1670
Oil on canvas, 142 x 192 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris

Wooded Landscape
c. 1650
Oil on canvas, 72 x 134 cm
Private collection



Landscape with Tobit and the angel



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