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  Guido Reni

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Guido Reni
 
 

Self-portrait
 
 

born Nov. 4, 1575, Bologna, Papal States [Italy]
died Aug. 18, 1642, Bologna

early Italian Baroque painter noted for the classical idealism of his renderings of mythological and religious subjects.

First apprenticed to the Flemish painter Denis Calvaert at the age of 10, Reni was later influenced by the novel naturalism of the Carracci, a Bolognese family of painters. In 1599 he was received into the guild of painters, and after 1601 he divided his time between his studios in Bologna and Rome. Upon gaining prominence Reni surrounded himself with helpers—such as Giovanni Lanfranco, Francesco Albani, and Antonio Carracci—who were fascinated by his noble if somewhat tyrannical personality.

In his early career Reni executed important commissions for Pope Paul V and Scipione Cardinal Borghese, painting numerous frescoes in chapels for these and other patrons. Among these works is the celebrated fresco “Aurora” (1613–14). In his religious and mythological paintings, Reni evolved a style that tempered Baroque exuberance and complexity with classical restraint. Such compositions as “Atalanta and Hippomenes” (1625) show his preference for gracefully posed figures that mirror antique ideals. In the later part of his career, Reni employed lighter tones, softer colours, and extremely free brushwork.

Except for the work of the Carracci family, the frescoes of Raphael and ancient Greek sculptures were the main inspiration for Reni's art. He strove toward a classical harmony in which reality is presented in idealized proportions. The mood of his paintings is calm and serene, as are the studied softness of colour and form. His religious compositions made him one of the most famous painters of his day in Europe, and a model for other Italian Baroque artists.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 
 


St Cecilia
1606
Oil on canvas, 94 x 75 cm
Norton Simon Museum of Art, Pasadena



Baptism of Christ
c. 1623
Oil on canvas, 263,5 x 186,5 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna



The Boy Bacchus
1615-20
Oil on canvas, 87 x 70 cm
Galleria Palatina (Palazzo Pitti), Florence



David with the Head of Goliath
1605
Oil on canvas, 220 x 145 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris



Girl with a Rose
Oil on canvas, 81 x 62 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid



Massacre of the Innocents
1611
Oil on canvas, 268 x 170 cm
Pinacoteca Nazionale, Bologna



The Gathering of the Manna
1614-15
Oil on canvas, 280 x 170 cm
Cathedral, Ravenna



Moses
1600-10
Oil on canvas
Galleria Borghese, Rome

 
 
 
 



The Rape of Dejanira
Oil on canvas, 259 x 193 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris







The Triumph of Samson
1611-12
Oil on canvas
Pinacoteca Nazionale, Bologna







Portrait of an Old Woman
1611-12
Oil on canvas, 34,5 x 28 cm
Pinacoteca Nazionale, Bologna



Angel of the Annunciation
Oil on canvas, 58,5 x 46,5 cm
Landesmuseum, Oldenburg



Virgin of the Annunciation
Oil on canvas, 58,5 x 46,5 cm
Landesmuseum, Oldenburg




St Joseph
Oil on canvas
Basilica dei Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice





St Joseph with the Infant Jesus
c. 1635
Oil on canvas, 126 x 101 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

 
 
 
 


The Coronation of the Virgin
1626
oil on brass
Musee Bonnat, Bayonne, France
 
 
 
 

St Matthew and the Angel
1635-40
Oil on canvas, 85 x 68 cm
Pinacoteca, Vatican

 
 
 
 

Marienkronung mit Hl. Katharina von Alexandrien, Hl. Johannes Evangelist,
Hl. Johannes der Taufer, Hl. Romuald von Camaldoli
1595-1598

 
 
 
 

Hl. Johannes der Taufer
1640

 
 
 
 

Hl. Sebastian
1642

 
 
 

 
 
 
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