TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY
 

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  Late Gothic & Early Renaissance

Architecture
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Sculpture
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Painting
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Late Gothic & Early Renaissance
 
 
 
Sculpture
 
 
 
Sculpture

Nanni di Banco
Donatello
Agostino Di Duccio
Bertoldo di Giovanni
Mino da Fiesole

Desiderio da Settignano
Filarete
Vecchietta
Andrea Bregno
Pietro Lombardo
Antonio Lombardo
Tullio Lombardo
Giovanni Antonio Amadeo
Francesco di Giorgio Martini
Benedetto da Maiano
Luca Della Robbia
Andrea della Robbia

Bernardo Rossellino
Antonio Rossellino
Antonio del Pollaiuolo
Niccolò dell’Arca
Andrea del Verrocchio
 
 
Vecchietta.
 

(b Siena, 11 Aug 1410; d Siena, 6 June 1480).

Italian painter, sculptor, goldsmith and architect. He was formerly believed to have been born c. 1412 in the Tuscan town of Castiglione d’Orcia, but del Bravo has identified him with the Lorenzo di Pietro di Giovanni who was baptized in Siena in 1410. His name appears in a list of the members of the Siena painters’ guild in 1428. From the evidence of later works he is generally supposed to have been apprenticed to Sassetta, but his early work has not been identified. Between c. 1435 and 1439 he executed for Cardinal Branda Castiglione (1350–1443) a series of frescoes at Castiglione Olona, near Varese in Lombardy. He has been considered an assistant of MASOLINO DA PANICALE in this enterprise, but the scenes of the martyrdoms of SS Lawrence and Stephen in the apse of the Collegiata, below Masolino’s vault frescoes, show that Vecchietta’s closely packed compositional style was already fully formed. He also painted the frescoes (partially published by Bertelli) in the chapel of the Cardinal’s palace in the town, depicting the Evangelists (vault) and friezes of male and female saints (side walls). Although abraded and fragmentary, they nevertheless indicate the naturalistic effects of atmospheric lighting and foreshortening that, more than any other Sienese painter of his day, he had learnt from Masolino and the Florentine painters. In 1439, aided by Sano di Pietro, he painted the figures of a wooden Annunciation group (untraced) for the high altar of Siena Cathedral.

 
 


Vecchietta Resurrection
1472
Bronze, 54,3 x 41,2 cm

 

 


Vecchietta.  Sepulchral Monument of Pietro Foscari
1480
Marble, bronze
Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome

 
 


Vecchietta.  Risen Christ
c. 1476
Bronze, height 183 cm
Chiesa dell'Ospedale della Scala, Siena

 
 


Vecchietta.  Altar of the Cathedral of Siena with bronze ciborium by Vecchietta.

 



Andrea Bregno

 

Andrea (di Cristoforo) Bregno
(b Osteno, nr Lugano, 1418; d Rome, Sept 1503).

Italian architect and sculptor. Nothing is known of Bregno’s activity until his arrival in Rome in the 1460s, although his early works betray a Lombard training. During the pontificate of Sixtus IV he became the most popular and prolific sculptor of his day, with a large and well-organized bottega. He worked mainly on the decoration of tombs of prelates and dignitaries of the papal court. Bregno became famous in his lifetime and was mentioned, together with Verrocchio, by Giovanni Santi in La vita e le geste di Federico di Montefeltro duca d’Urbino, written between 1484 and 1487. The writer of a funeral epitaph actually compared him with Polykleitos. Bregno’s work is characterized by great refinement and technical skill. Although he was often not particularly inventive, he was certainly a fine sculptor of grotesques and other forms of ornamentation. He soon fell under the influence of Tuscan models, probably as a result of his contact with Mino da Fiesole, with whom he worked in Rome. There his style became more classical and its design more compact, with precise references to antique sculpture: documents show that he possessed a collection of antique objects recovered from excavations. He was also a friend of Platina, who held him in high esteem, as he wrote in a letter to Lorenzo the Magnificent.

 


Andrea Bregno. The Apparition of St Michael to St Gregory
1469
Marble
San Gregorio Magno, Rome

 


Andrea Bregno. Monument of Cardinal Nicola de Cusa
Marble
San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome

 


Andrea Bregno. Piccolomini Altar
1503
Marble
Duomo, Siena

 


Andrea Bregno. Tomb of Cardinals Cristoforo and Domenico della Rovere
c. 1479
Marble
Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome

 


Andrea Bregno. Tomb of Cardinal Pietro Riario
1474-77
Marble, 650 x 341 cm
Santi Apostoli, Rome

 



Andrea Bregno. Cantoria
1480s
Marble
Cappella Sistina, Vatican




Andrea Bregno. Gateway
1480s
Marble
Cappella Sistina, Vatican




Andrea Bregno. Saint Andrew, 1491

 
 

 
 
 
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