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  Odilon Redon

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Odilon Redon
 
 
 
 
Odilon Redon, (born April 20, 1840, Bordeaux, France—died July 6, 1916, Paris), French Symbolist painter, lithographer, and etcher of considerable poetic sensitivity and imagination, whose work developed along two divergent lines. His prints explore haunted, fantastic, often macabre themes and foreshadowed the Surrealist and Dadaist movements. His oils and pastels, chiefly still lifes with flowers, won him the admiration of Henri Matisse and other painters as an important colourist.

Redon studied under Jean-Léon Gérôme; mastered engraving from Rodolphe Bresdin, who exerted an important influence; and learned lithography under Henri Fantin-Latour. His aesthetic was one of imagination rather than visual perception. His imagination found an intellectual catalyst in his close friend, the Symbolist poet Stéphane Mallarmé. Redon was also associated with the group of Symbolist painters.

Redon produced nearly 200 prints, beginning in 1879 with the lithographs collectively titled In the Dream. He completed another series (1882) dedicated to Edgar Allan Poe, whose poems had been translated into French with great success by Mallarmé and Charles Baudelaire. Rather than illustrating Poe, Redon’s lithographs are poems in visual terms, themselves evoking the poet’s world of private torment. There is an evident link to Goya in Redon’s imagery of winged demons and menacing shapes, and one of his series was the Homage to Goya (1885).

About the time of the print series The Apocalypse of St. John (1889), Redon began devoting himself to painting and colour drawing—sensitive floral studies, and heads that appear to be dreaming or lost in reverie. He developed a unique palette of powdery and pungent hues. Though there is a relationship between his work and that of the Impressionist painters, he opposed both Impressionism and Realism as wholly perceptual.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 
 
 
 



Peyrelebade Landscape
1868



Roland at Roncevaux
1869


Trees
1875



Fallen Angel Looking at at Cloud
1875


Angel in Chains
1875



Melancholy
1876



The Fall of Icarus
1876



Head of a Martyr
1877
Rijksmuseum Kroller-Moller


Guardian Spirit of the Waters
1878
The Art Institute of Chicago



Eye-Balloon
1878
The Museum of Modern Art, New York

 
 
 

Angel Executions
1878



Self Portrait
1880
Musee d'Orsay, Paris



Peyrelebade Landscape
1880



Spirit of the Forest
1880
The Woodner Family Collection, New York



Portrait of Madame Redon Embroidering
1880



The Fallen Angel
1880
Musee des Beaux-Arts at Bordeaux




Near the Harbor, Brittany
1880




Cactus Man
1881
The Woodner Family Collection, New York



The Crying Spider
1881




The Smiling Spider
1881
Musee du Louvre, Paris

 
 
 

 
 
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