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Jacopo da Pontormo, original name Jacopo Carrucci (born May 24, 1494, Pontormo, near Empoli, Republic of Florence [Italy]—buried Jan. 2, 1557, Florence), Florentine painter who broke away from High Renaissance classicism to create a more personal, expressive style that is sometimes classified as early Mannerism.

Pontormo was the son of Bartolommeo Carrucci, a painter. According to the biographer Giorgio Vasari, he was apprenticed to Leonardo da Vinci and afterward to Mariotto Albertinelli and Piero di Cosimo. At the age of 18 he entered the workshop of Andrea del Sarto, and it is this influence that is most apparent in his early works. In 1518 he completed an altarpiece in the Church of San Michele Visdomini, Florence, that reflects in its agitated—almost neurotic—emotionalism a departure from the balance and tranquillity of the High Renaissance. His painting of Joseph in Egypt (c. 1515), one of a series for Pier Francesco Borgherini, suggests that the revolutionary new style appeared even earlier.

Pontormo was primarily a religious painter, but he painted a number of sensitive portraits and in 1521 was employed by the Medici family to decorate their villa at Poggio a Caiano with mythological subjects. In the Passion cycle (1522–25) for the Certosa near Florence (now in poor condition), he borrowed ideas from the German artist Albrecht Dürer, whose engravings and woodcuts were circulating in Italy. His mature style is best exemplified in the Deposition painted soon after this for Santa Felicità, Florence.

Pontormo became more and more of a recluse in later life. A diary survives from 1554 to 1557, but the important frescoes in San Lorenzo on which he worked during the last decade of his life are now known only from drawings; in these the influence of Michelangelo is apparent. Numerous drawings survive, and paintings are to be found in various galleries in Europe and America, as well as in Florence.

Encyclopædia Britannica

Fresco, 392 x 337 cm
Santissima Annunziata, Florence

Sacra Conversazione
Fresco, 223 x 196 cm
Santissima Annunziata, Florence

Joseph Being Sold to Potiphar
Oil on wood, 58 x 50 cm
National Gallery, London

Punishment of the Baker
Oil on wood, 58 x 50 cm
National Gallery, London

Joseph in Egypt
Oil on wood, 96 x 109 cm
National Gallery, London

Lady with a Basket of Spindles
c. 1516
Oil on wood, 76 x 54 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

Madonna and Child with Saints
Oil on wood, 214 x 185 cm
San Michele Visdomini, Florence

Portrait of an Engraver of Semi-Precious Stones
Oil on wood, 70 x 53 cm
Musйe du Louvre, Paris

Cosimo il Vecchio
c. 1520
Oil on panel, 86 x 65 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence


Madonna and Child with St. Joseph and Saint John the Baptist
Oil on canvas transferred from wood, 120 x 99 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Madonna and Child with Two Saints
Oil on wood, 72 x 60 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

Madonna and Child with the Young St John the Baptist
Oil on panel, 57 x 37 cm
Galleria Corsini, Florence

Supper at Emmaus
Oil on canvas, 230 x 173 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

Youth in a Pink Coat
c. 1525
Oil on panel, 85 x 61 cm
Museo Nazionale di Palazzo Mansi, Lucca

Oil on wood, 202 x 156 cm
San Michele, Carmignano (Florence)