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  Emil Nolde

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Emil Nolde
 
 
 
 
Emil Nolde, original name Emil Hansen (born Aug. 7, 1867, Nolde, near Bocholt, Ger.—died April 15, 1956, Seebüll, near Niebüll, W.Ger.), German Expressionist painter, printmaker, and watercolourist known for his violent religious works and his foreboding landscapes.

Born of a peasant family, the youthful Nolde made his living as a wood-carver. He was able to study art formally only when some of his early works were reproduced and sold as postcards. In Paris Nolde began to paint works that bear a superficial affinity to Impressionistic painting. In 1906 he was invited to join Die Brücke, an association of Dresden-based Expressionist artists who admired his “storm of colour.” But Nolde, a solitary and intuitive painter, dissociated himself from that tightly knit group after a year and a half.

“Dance Around the Golden Calf” [Credit: Courtesy of the Nolde-Foundation; photograph, Bayerische Staatsgemaldesammlungen, Munich]Fervently religious and racked by a sense of sin, Nolde created such works as Dance Around the Golden Calf (1910) and In the Port of Alexandria from the series depicting The Legend of St. Maria Aegyptica (1912), in which the erotic frenzy of the figures and the demonic, masklike faces are rendered with deliberately crude draftsmanship and dissonant colours. In the Doubting Thomas from the nine-part polyptych The Life of Christ (1911–12), the relief of Nolde’s own religious doubts may be seen in the quiet awe of St. Thomas as he is confronted with Jesus’ wounds. During 1913 and 1914 Nolde was a member of an ethnological expedition that reached the East Indies. There he was impressed with the power of unsophisticated belief, as is evident in his lithograph Dancer (1913).

Back in Europe, Nolde led an increasingly reclusive life on the Baltic coast of Germany. His almost mystical affinity for the brooding terrain led to such works as his Marsh Landscape (1916), in which the low horizon, dominated by dark clouds, creates a majestic sense of space. Landscapes done after 1916 were generally of a cooler tonality than his early works. But his masterful realizations of flowers retain the brilliant colours of his earlier works. He was a prolific graphic artist especially noted for the stark black-and-white effect that he employed in crudely incised woodcuts.

Nolde was an early advocate of Germany’s National Socialist Party, but, when the Nazis came to power, they declared his work “decadent” and forbade him to paint. After World War II he resumed painting but often merely reworked older themes. His last self-portrait (1947) retains his vigorous brushwork but reveals the disillusioned withdrawal of the artist in his 80th year.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 
 
 



Self-Portrait


Crucifixion


Autumn Sea VII


Blue Sea and Red Clouds


 


Farmstead under Red Evening


Landscape in Red Light


Mountain Slope over the Sea


Flower Garden (Girl and Washing)
1908


Remote Girls


Blonde Girl and Man


Blue Couple (in Profile) in Sidelight


Comical Figures


Couple (Red and Blue) in Sidelight


The Mocking of Christ
1909


Couple (Red and Yellow)


Couple and Beraded Older Man


Pentecost
1909

 
 
 
 

Couple and Goateed Man


Couple and Redheaded Child


Dark Man and Woman


Discussion (Blue)





Encounter (Four Figures)


Family (Drak Blue and Green)


Family (with Two Children)


Figures Craning their Necks


At the Cafe
1911


Flirting (Blue-violet and Green)


Flower Lady


Friend


Red Clouds
1930


Friends


Frog-green Couple


Great Fiend


Legend: Saint Mary of Egypt-Death in the Desert



 

Green Head above Red Cloak

 
 
 

 
 
 
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