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  Gustave Moreau

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Gustave Moreau
 
 


Self-portrait of Gustave Moreau, 1850

 
 
Gustave Moreau, (born April 6, 1826, Paris, France—died April 18, 1898, Paris), French Symbolist painter known for his erotic paintings of mythological and religious subjects.
The only influence that really affected Moreau’s development was that of his master, Théodore Chassériau (1819–56), an eclectic painter whose depictions of enigmatic sea goddesses deeply impressed his student. In the Salon of 1853 he exhibited Scene from the Song of Songs and the Death of Darius, both conspicuously under the influence of Chassériau.

Moreau’s Oedipus and the Sphinx (1864) and his The Apparition (Dance of Salome) (c. 1876) and Dance of Salome (c. 1876) show his work becoming increasingly concerned with exotic eroticism and violence, and his richly crowded canvases made greater use of dramatic lighting to heighten his brilliant, jewel-like colours. His last work, Jupiter and Sémélé (1896), is the culmination of such tendencies. Moreau’s art has often been described as decadent. He made a number of technical experiments, including scraping his canvases; and his nonfigurative paintings, done in a loose manner with thick impasto, have led him to be called a herald of Abstract Expressionism.
Moreau succeeded Elie Delaunay as professor at the École des Beaux-Arts, and his teaching was highly popular. He was a very influential teacher of some of the artists of the Fauve movement, including Matisse and Rouault. At his death, Moreau left to the state his house and about 8,000 works, which now form the Musée Gustave Moreau in Paris.

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The Abduction of Europa





Abduction of the Young Venetian Woman by Cypriot Pirates




Abstract (study)




The Angels of Sodom





Apollo and the Nine Muses




Apollo and the Satyrs




Apollo Vanquishing the Serpent Python




The Apparition




The Apparition




Arabian Poet




An Arabian Singer




Arion




Athenians Given to the Minotaur in the Cretan Labyrinth



The Ballad




Chimera





Cleopatra

 
 
 

 
 
 
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