Jean-François Millet

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Jean-François Millet
Jean-François Millet, (born October 4, 1814, Gruchy, near Gréville, France—died January 20, 1875, Barbizon), French painter renowned for his peasant subjects.

Millet spent his youth working on the land, but by the age of 19 he was studying art in Cherbourg. In 1837 he arrived in Paris and eventually enrolled in the studio of Paul Delaroche, where he seems to have remained until 1839.

After the rejection of one of his entries for the Salon of 1840, Millet returned to Cherbourg, where he remained during most of 1841, painting portraits. He achieved his first success in 1844 with The Milkmaid and a large pastel, The Riding Lesson, that has a sensual character typical of a large part of his production during the 1840s.

The peasant subjects, which from the early 1850s were to be Millet’s principal concern, made their first important appearance at the Salon of 1848 with The Winnower, later destroyed by fire. In 1849, after a period of great hardship, Millet left Paris to settle in Barbizon, a small hamlet in the forest of Fontainebleau. He continued to exhibit paintings of peasants, and, as a result, periodically faced the charge of being a socialist. Letters of the period defending Millet’s position underline the fundamentally classical nature of his approach to painting.

By the mid-1860s, Millet’s work was beginning to be in demand; official recognition came in 1868, after nine major paintings had been shown at the exposition of 1867. Important collections of Millet’s pictures are to be found in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, and in the Louvre.

Encyclopædia Britannica


Self Portrait

Diana Resting

Hunting Birds at Night
Oil on canvas, 74 x 93 cm
Museum of Art, Philadelphia

Madame J-F Millet

The Woodchopper

Bergère avec son troupeau

The Potato Gatherers

Shepherdess Knitting, Outside the Village of Barbizon

Young Woman

The Angelus

The Gleaners

Knitting Lessson

Young Shepherdess

Autumn Landscape with a Flock of Turkeys

Portrait of a Young Woman (the Artist's Sister Emélie)

Potato Planters

Women Sewing by Lamplight
(also known as La Veillee)

Baby's Slumber

Millet's Birthpalce at Gruchy

A Woman Adjusting her Stocking

Woman with a Rake

Bouquet of Daisies

Recalling the Flock

Woman Sewing Beside her Sleeping Child

Gathering Apples

La Becquée

Le parc au moutons à clair de lune

Study for 'Mercury Leading the Cows of Argos to Water'

Two Reclining Figures


Knitting Lesson

The Shepherdess

Woman Carrying Firewood and a Pail

Churning Butter

In the Vineyard

The Little Shepherdess

Woman Baking Bread

The Goose Girl


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