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  Adolf von Menzel

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Adolf von Menzel
 
 
 
 
Adolf von Menzel, in full Adolf Friedrich Erdmann von Menzel (born December 8, 1815, Breslau, Prussia [now Wrocław, Poland]—died February 9, 1905, Berlin), German painter and printmaker, best known in his own day as a brilliant historical painter, whose patriotic works satisfied the public’s taste, engendered by Prussia’s continual expansion throughout the 19th century, for propagandistic art. In the 20th century he was chiefly esteemed for his sensitive treatment of light and the original compositions of his small genre pictures.

In 1832 Menzel took charge of his dead father’s lithographic workshop and, self-taught, rapidly became famous in this medium by illustrating various histories of Prussia, especially those dealing with the reign of Frederick II the Great. These were followed by illustrations for similar publications, such as a lavish edition of Works of Frederick the Great (1843–49) containing 200 plates. In painting Menzel soon became famous for his glittering re-creations of such scenes as Frederick the Great’s concerts at his palace, Sanssouci, and The Ball Supper (1878), showing the court of King Wilhelm I vigorously enjoying a meal.

In later times Menzel was most admired for small paintings and drawings dating from about 1840 onward. These interior, street, and landscape scenes demonstrate Menzel’s unorthodox vision; subjects are viewed from high or low angles, and there are departures from conventions of grouping and framing, as well as innovative excursions into industrial subjects, as in Rolling Mill (1875). In works such as Room with a Balcony (1845) and The Artist’s Sister in the Sitting Room (1847), Menzel presaged later developments of the Impressionist movement in France in his refined feeling for the effects of light and his use of open brushstrokes.

Encyclopædia Britannica

 
 
 
 
 


The French Window
1845
Oil on canvas, 58 x 47 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin





Storm on Tempelhof Mountain
1846
Oil on paper on board, 31 x 47 cm
Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Cologne





The Palace Garden of Prince Albert
1846
Oil on canvas, 68 x 86 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin





Rear of House and Backyard
c. 1846
Oil on canvas, 43 x 61 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin





The Berlin-Potsdam Railway
1847
Oil on canvas, 43 x 52 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin





Living-Room with the Artist's Sister
1847
Oil on cardboard, 46 x 32 cm
Neue Pinakothek, Munich




Sister Emily Sleeping
c. 1848
Oil on paper and canvas, 47 x 60 cm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg




Victims of the March Revolution in Berlin Lying in State
1848
Oil on canvas, 45 x 63 cm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg




A Flute Concert of Frederick the Great at Sanssouci
1852
Oil on canvas, 142 x 205 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin





Studio Interior with Casts
1852
Oil on paper mounted on board, 61 x 44 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin




The Allegiance of the Silesian Diet before Frederick II in Breslau
1855
Oil on canvas, 98 x 136 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin





Thйatre du Gymnase
1856
Oil on canvas, 62 x 46 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin





Moonlight on the Friedrichskanal in Old Berlin
c. 1856
Oil on canvas, 40 x 33 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin





William I Departs for the Front, July 31, 1870
1871
Oil on canvas, 63 x 78 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin





Afternoon at the Tuileries Garden
Oil on canvas, 49 x 70 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden





The Studio Wall
1872
Oil on canvas, 111 x 79 cm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg





The Iron-rolling Mill
1872-75
Oil on canvas, 158 x 254 cm
Nationalgalerie, Berlin

 
 
 
 


The Artist's Bedroom in Ritterstrasse
 
 
 
 


The Artist's Room in Ritterstrasse
 
 
 
 

The Artist's Sister Emilie
 
 
 
 


At the beer garden
 
 
 
 


At the Louvre
 
 
 
 


At the Opera
 
 
 

 
 
 
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