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  Aristide Maillol  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Aristide Maillol
 
 
 
 
Aristide Maillol, (born December 8, 1861, Banyuls-sur-Mer, France—died September 27, 1944, near Banyuls-sur-Mer), French sculptor, painter, and printmaker whose monumental statues of female nudes display a concern for mass and rigorous formal analysis.

Maillol began his artistic career as a painter and tapestry designer; his early work reflected his great admiration for the Nabis, a group of artists in France whose work was composed typically of decorative patterns. Maillol was almost 40 years old when an eye disease forced him to give up tapestry weaving, and so he turned his attention to sculpture.

In his mature work, Maillol rejected the highly emotional sculpture of his contemporary Auguste Rodin, preferring to preserve and purify the sculptural tradition of Classical Greece and Rome. The Mediterranean (c. 1901) and Night (1902) show the emotional restraint, clear composition, and serene surfaces Maillol employed in his sculpture for the rest of his life. Most of his work depicts the mature female form, which he attempted to imbue with symbolic significance. He wanted to remove literary and psychological references from his sculptures; the resulting generalized figures emphasize form itself.

After 1910 Maillol was internationally famous and received a constant flood of commissions. Because of his strict economy of aesthetic means, he turned out the same subject repeatedly, sometimes varying little more than the title from work to work. Only in Action in Chains (1906) and The River (c. 1939–43) did he vary his basic formula and represent the human form in turbulent activity.

Maillol resumed painting in 1939, but sculpture remained his favourite medium. He also made many woodcut illustrations for the work of ancient poets such as Virgil and Ovid during the 1920s and ’30s, doing much to revive the art of the book. Though Maillol’s connection to the art of the past was strong, his interest in form and geometry helped pave the way for abstract sculptors such as Constantin Brancusi and Jean Arp.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 
 
 
 


Seated Woman (Mediterranee). с. 1901.




Seated Woman (Mediterranee).





Seated Woman (Mediterranee).





Seated Woman (Mediterranee).

 



La Nuit. 1909





"Der Fluss". Hamburg, Kunsthalle. 1939





"Der Fluss". Hamburg, Kunsthalle. 1939





"Der Fluss". Hamburg, Kunsthalle. 1939





Brunnenstatue «La riviere». Talacker in Zürich




Sculpture L'Air.





Sculpture L'Air. The Netherlands. 1939





Sculpture L'Air.





Sculpture L'Air.





Monument aux morts de Ceret. 1922.




Monument aux morts de Elne situe derriere la cathedrale, le long des remparts.





Nymph (Central Figure for "The Three Nymphs"). Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden.

 
 
 
 


Portvendres - Monument als morts




Portvendres - Monument als morts





The mountain. Sculpture in the Sculpture Garden of the National Gallery of Australia.





The mountain. Sculpture in the Sculpture Garden of the National Gallery of Australia.





Torso of Summer. 1911





Baigneuse debout. 1900. Bronze. Rotterdam, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen







Crouching Woman





Young Woman Kneeling
1902





Spring.
1911


 



Girl Covering her Face with her Hand
1905






Torso





Standing Woman-Bather Fixing Her Hair.
1900





Desire






Spring






Action in Chains






Action in Chains
 






Three nymphs
1936-38




Three nymphs
1936-38





Baigneuse allongee
1900





Petite Flore nue
1907





Ile de France




Torse de l'action enchainée.
1905






Torse de l'action enchainée. 1905






Torso
1904





War Memorial - Dying Warrior
1930





Sorrow, War Memorial at Ceret
1921

 
 
 



Bather Crouching
1935




The Pomona
1907





Venus with Necklace
1908-33





Ile de France
1910





Bather putting up her hair
1898




Young girl bathing
1900





Eve
1902





Girl kneeling
1900





Leda
1902




Woman with a crab
1930





Bather Standing
1900




Bather Standing
1900




Bather Standing
1900




Bust of Etienne Terrus
1905





Young Cyclists
1904





Young Man standing




Bather with lifted arms
1900





Memorail to Paul Cezanne
1925




The Pomona





Standing Woman


 



Summer






Summer






Femme accroupie





Eve a la Pomme


 



Jeunesse





L'Ile de France





Venus


 



Baigneuse.
1921




Torse du Printemps
1912. Musee d'Orsay

 
 
 
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