TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY
 

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  History of photography

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History of photography
 
 
 
Dora Maar
 
 

Man Ray
Dora Maar
  Pablo Picasso
Dora Maar
   
 
Henriette Theodora Markovitch alias Dora Maar (November 22, 1907 – July 16, 1997) was a French photographer and painter, best known for being a lover and muse of Pablo Picasso. She was born in Tours, Western France, on November 22, 1907. She died 89 years of age in Paris on July 16, 1997. Her father was Croatian, her mother was born in Tourraine, France. Dora grew up in Argentina. She was famous as a photographer, and also was a painter herself, before she met Picasso. She made herself better known in the world with her photographs of the successive stages of the completion of Guernica that Picasso painted in his workshop on the rue des Grands Augustins, and other photos of Picasso. Together she and Picasso studied printing with Man Ray. Picasso met her in January 1936 (when she was 29 years old), at the terrace of the Café Les Deux Magots in Saint-Germain-des-Prés, Paris. The famous poet Paul Eluard, who accompanied him, had to introduce him to this beautiful, sad woman. He was attracted by her beauty and self-mutilation (cutting her fingers and the table - he got her bloody gloves and exhibited them on a shelf in his apartment). She spoke Spanish fluently, so Picasso was even more fascinated. Their relationship lasted nearly nine years. Dora Maar became the rival of blonde Marie-Thérèse Walter who had given a daughter named Maya to Picasso. Picasso often painted beautiful sad Dora (she suffered because she was sterile) and called her his "private muse." Dora Maar kept his paintings for herself until her death in 1997. They were souvenirs for their extraordinary love affair which made her famous forever. For him she was the "woman in tears" in many aspects. She suffered from his moods during their love affair. Also she hated the idea that in 1943 he had found a new lover, Françoise Gilot. Picasso and Paul Elouard sent Dora to their friend, the psychiatrist Jacques Lacan, who treated her with psychoanalysis. In Paris, still occupied by the Germans, Picasso left to her a drawing of 1915 as a good-bye gift in April 1944; it represents Max Jacob his close friend who had just died in the transit camp of Drancy after his arrest by the Nazis. He also left to her some still lifes and a house at Ménerbes in Provence. The picture, Dora Maar, is currently registered with the FBI's National Stolen Art File. FBI reports that the picture was stolen from a Saudi yacht in Antibes between March 7-11, 1999, which also unearths the identity of the anonymous bidder, who obviously was a Saudi royal Picasso aficionado.
 
 
 

Pere Ubu
1936


29. rue d'Astorg
1936

 


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Empreintes de pieds sur le sable
1931




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Silence
1935


 


Baigneuse
1931

 


Money and Morals
1934

 


Homme sur un trottoir, trappe de visite
1935



Garcon avec un chat dans les bras,
appuye contre une vitrine

 


Garcon aux chaussures depareillees
1935





Femme de dos assise devant un miroir
1938

 


Assia, nu sur la fourrure
1934



Mendiant aveugle
1934

 


Male Nude with Orb
1935


 


Jeux Interdits
1935

 


Enfant faisant le poirier sur le sable
1936

 


Leonor Fini
1936

 


Portrait of Georges Hugnet
1934




Backyard Scene (England)
1930


Self-Portrait


Assia
1934


Cuarteto de ciegos
1934


Portrait of Picasso


Picasso painting Guernica, Close-up, Paris, Grand-Augustins studio
May-June 1937


Portrait of Picasso


Portrait of Picasso


Picasso dans son atelier de la rue des Grands-Augustins,
devant Guernica
1937


Self-Portrait
1935


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Christian Berard at the House of La Vicomtesse De Noailles
1935


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