Jules Joseph Lefebvre (14 March 1836 –
24 February 1912) was a French figure painter, educator and
Lefebvre was born in Tournan-en-Brie, Seine-et-Marne, on 14 March
1834. He entered the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in
1852 and was a pupil of Léon Cogniet.
He won the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1861. Between 1855 and 1898,
he exhibited 72 portraits in the Paris Salon. In 1891, he became a
member of the French Académie des Beaux-Arts.
He was an instructor at the
Académie Julian in Paris. Lefebvre is chiefly important as an
excellent and sympathetic teacher who numbered many Americans among
his 1500 or more pupils. Among his famous students were Fernand
Khnopff, Kenyon Cox, Félix Vallotton, Ernst Friedrich von Liphart,
Georges Rochegrosse, the Scottish-born landscape painter William
Hart, Walter Lofthouse Dean, and Edmund C. Tarbell, who became an
American Impressionist painter.
Many of his paintings are single
figures of beautiful women. Among his best portraits were those of
M. L. Reynaud and the Prince Imperial (1874).
Lefebvre died in Paris on 24
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