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  Max Klinger

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Max Klinger
 
 
 
 
Max Klinger, (born February 18, 1857, Leipzig, Germany—died July 5, 1920, near Naumburg), German painter, sculptor, and engraver, whose art of symbol, fantasy, and dreamlike situations belonged to the growing late 19th-century awareness of the subtleties of the mind. Klinger’s visionary art has been linked with that of Arnold Böcklin; the expression of his vivid, frequently morbid imaginings, however, was not noted for technical excellence. His work had a deep influence on Giorgio de Chirico.

Klinger, who had received some training at the Karlsruhe art school, created a sensation at the Berlin Academy exhibition in 1878 with two series of pen-and-ink drawings—Series upon the Theme of Christ and Fantasies upon the Finding of a Glove. Their daring originality caused an outburst of indignation; nonetheless, the Glove series, on which Klinger’s contemporary reputation is based, was bought by the Berlin National Gallery. These 10 drawings (engraved in three editions from 1881) tell a strange parable of a hapless young man and his obsessive involvement with a woman’s elbow-length glove.



Portrait of Max Klinger by Emil Orlik, 1902

In 1887 The Judgment of Paris caused another storm of protest because of its rejection of all conventional attributes and its naively direct conception. In his painting Klinger aimed at neither classic beauty nor modern truth but at an impressive grimness with overtones of mysticism. His Pietà (1890) and Christ in Olympus (1896) are also characteristic examples of his work.

Klinger’s leanings toward the gruesome and grotesque found further expression in his series of etchings inspired by the work of Francisco de Goya, including Deliverances of Sacrificial Victims Told in Ovid (1879), Fantasy on Brahms (1894), Eve and the Future (1880), A Life (1884), and Of Death (part 1, 1889; part 2, 1898–1909). In his use of the etching needle he achieved a unique form of expressiveness.

Klinger’s late work was primarily sculpture. Interested in materials and colour, he executed polychromed nudes possessing a distinctly eerie quality, as well as statues made of varicoloured materials in the manner of Greek chryselephantine sculpture (e.g., Beethoven [1902], Salome [1893], and Cassandra [1895]). His last project, a colossal monument to the German composer Richard Wagner, remained unfinished at his death.

Encyclopædia Britannica

 
 
 

female nude figure

 





Franz Liszt by Max Klinger, 1901







Bronzestatue Athlet







Grabstätte von Gertrud Hartmann








Beethoven Torso, 1902







The Statue of Beethoven







The Statue of Beethoven






The Statue of Beethoven







Elsa Asenijeff







Wilhelm Wundt








Diane







Galathée







Japanerin






Elsa Asenijeff
 

 
 
 

l' Heure bleue,1890







Portrait of a Roman Woman on a Flat Roof in Rome







Tritonen und Najaden






Venus im Muschelwagen







Portrait of Elsa Asenijeff







Portrait of Elsa Asenijeff







Bildnis der Dichterin Elsa Asenijeff







A Legation







Bianca







Spaziergänger







Untitled







Untitled







Crocifissione di cristo, 1890
 
 
 
 
 


Venus presenta a Psique a Amor





Venus y Mercurio




Venus y Psique





Venus, Ceres y Juno




Viaje aereo


Untitled





Violacion




Untitled




Untitled




Untitled

 
 
 
 
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