Angelica Kauffmann  
Angelica Kauffmann

Angelica Kauffmann, in full Maria Anna Catharina Angelica Kauffmann, Kauffmann also spelled Kauffman or Kaufmann, Angelica also spelled Angelika (born Oct. 30, 1741, Chur, Switz.—died Nov. 5, 1807, Rome, Papal States [Italy]), painter in the early Neoclassical style who is best known for her decorative wall paintings for residences designed by Robert Adam.

The daughter of Johann Joseph Kauffmann, a painter, Angelica was a precocious child and a talented musician and painter by her 12th year. Her early paintings were influenced by the French Rococo works of Henri Gravelot and François Boucher. In 1754 and 1763 she visited Italy, and while in Rome she was influenced by the Neoclassicism of Anton Raphael Mengs.

She was induced by Lady Wentworth, wife of the English ambassador, to accompany her to London in 1766. She was well received and was particularly favoured by the royal family. Sir Joshua Reynolds became a close friend, and most of the numerous portraits and self-portraits done in her English period were influenced by his style of portrait painting. Her name is found among the signatories to the petition for the establishment of the Royal Academy, and in its first catalogue of 1769 she is listed as a member. She was one of only two women founding members. During the 1770s Kauffmann was one of a team of artists who supplied the painted decorations for Adam-designed interiors (e.g., the house at 20 Portman Square, London, which was home to the Courtauld Institute Galleries for more than 60 years). Kauffmann retired to Rome in the early 1780s with her second husband, the Venetian painter Antonio Zucchi.

Kauffmann’s pastoral and mythological compositions portray gods and goddesses. Her paintings are Rococo in tone and approach, though her figures are given Neoclassical poses and draperies. Kauffmann’s portraits of female sitters are among her finest works.

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Ariadne Abandoned by Theseus on Naxos
before 1782
Oil on canvas
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden

Bacchus and Ariadne
Oil on canvas
Private collection

Portrait of a Woman
Oil on canvas, 131 x 103 cm
Szйpmыvйszeti Mъzeum, Budapest

Portrait of a Young Woman
Oil on canvas, 130 x 102 cm
Frankfurter Goethe-Museum, Frankfurt

Oil on canvas, 128 x 94 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence

Oil on canvas, 77 x 63 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Venus Induces Helen to Fall in Love with Paris
Oil on canvas, 102 x 128 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

Portrait of a Woman as a Vestal Virgin
Oil on canvas, 60 x 41 cm
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

Portrait of a Woman Dressed as Vestal Virgin
Oil on canvas, 91,5 x 71,5 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden


Portrait of Louise Henrietta Campbell, Later Lady Scarlett, as The Muse of Literature

Children With A Bird's Nest And Flowers

Four Children With A Basket Of Fruit

Portrait Of Philip Tisdal With His Wife And Family

Papirius Pratextatus Entreated by his Mother to Disclose the Secrets of the Deliberations of the Roman Senate, oil on canvas.

Portrait of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

El juicio de Paris

Miranda and Ferdinand in The Tempest, 1782

A Sleeping Nymph Watched by a Shepherd, about 1780

Ideal Portrait of Shakespeare