TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY
 

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  Impressionism Timeline  
     
  Impressionism * Neo-Impressionism * Post-Impressionism  
     
 

  1870 1880 1890
  1871 1881 1891
  1872 1882 1892
1863 1873 1883 1893
1864 1874 1884 1894
1865 1875 1885 1895
1866 1876 1886 1896
1867 1877 1887 1897
1868 1878 1888 1898
1869 1879 1889 1899
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CONTENTS
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Impressionism Timeline
 
Impressionism * Neo-Impressionism * Post-Impressionism
 
 
Camille Pissarro
(1830-1903)
Edouard Manet (1832-83) Edgar Degas (1834-1917) Alfred Sisley (1839-99)

Paul Cezanne (1839-1906)
       
Claude Monet (1840-1826) Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919)

Frederic Bazille (1841-70)

Armand Guillaumin
(1841-1927)

Berthe Morisot (1841-95)

Federico Zandomeneghi (1841-1917)

Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) Giuseppe de Nittis
(1846-84)
       
Max Liebermann
(1847-1935)
Gustave Caillebotte (1848-94) Peder Severin Kroyer (1851-1909) Vincent van Gogh
(1853-90)
       
Charles Angrand
(1854-1926)
Henri-Edmond Cross (1856-1910)

John Singer Sargent (1856-1925)
Childe Hassam 
(1859-1935)

Georges Seurat (1859-91)
Louis Anquetin
(1861- 1932)
       
Theo van Rysselberghe (1862-1926) Paul Signac (1863-1935) Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (1864-1901) Emile Bernard (1868-1941)
       
 
 
 
 
1899
 
 
 
Sisley Dies in Poverty
 

The death of Sisley at the beginning of the year leaves his family in a state of crippling penury, and Monet - always quick to take up a cause - organizes a sale of his paintings at Georges Petit's gallery, which realizes the respectable sum of 115,640 francs. Sisley's clothes and furniture are also sold, and fetch 50 francs and 950 francs respectively.

 

JANUARY
Mary Cassatt visits the USA for the first time in twenty years. Pissarro rents an apartment at 204 rue de Rivoli in Paris in order to paint the Tuileries Gardens.

15th Degas refuses to provide an illustration for an edition of poems by Mallarme because the publisher is a supporter of Dreyfus.

21st Monet writes to the critic Gustave Geffroy: 'Sisley is said to be extremely ill. He is a truly great artist, and I believe he is as great a master as any who has lived. I looked at some of his works again, which have a rare breadth of vision and beauty, especially one of a flood, which is a masterpiece.'

29th Sisley dies of cancer of the throat at his home in Moret-sur-Loing.


A photograph a year before
of Sisley taken his death.


30th The Ernst Arnold gallery in Dresden organizes an exhibition of twenty works by Degas, Monet, Pissarro, Renoir and Sisley.

FEBRUARY
Renoirgoes to Cagnes-sur-Mer with his former pupil Jeanne Baudot to receive treatment for his rheumatism.
Toulouse-Lautrec is admitted to a sanatorium for alcoholics.

9th The Bernheim-Jeune gallery exhibits fourteen paintings by Sisley.

27th An exhibition of twenty-eight paintings by Sisley opens at Durand- Ruel's gallery in New York.

MARCH

4th Pissarro has a one-man show at the Bernheim-Jeune gallery, consisting of some twenty-three works. Sales are reasonably good.

APRIL

30th Georges Petit puts on an 'exhibition of paintings, studies and pastels from Sisley's studio and those given to his children by other artists.' Together with his furniture and clothes (sold for 950 francs and 50 francs respectively), these form Sisley's total estate. Organized by Monet on behalf of Sisley's two orphans, the exhibition succeeds in
raising a total of 115,640 francs.



SISLEY
The Loing Canal
1892

One of many views that Sisley painted of the Loing Canal near Moret-sur-Loing, this work was donated to the Musee du Luxembourg in 1899 by a group of the artist's friends, led by Monet.



3rd An exhibition of the International Society of Artists at the New Gallery in London includes works by Monet, Pissarro, Renoir and Rodin.
Siegfried Bing holds an exhibition at the Grafton Galleries in London, featuring works by the same artists with the addition of Morisot.

JUNE

4th Renoir stays in Saint-Cloud, where he receives a visit from Vuillard.



RENOIR
Self-portrait
с. 1899

Painted shortly after an attack of rheumatoid arthritis, this self-portrait shows Renoir looking sad and haggard, although he was in fact only 58. Julie Manet wrote: 'He is finishing a self-portrait that is very nice, but he has made himself look old and wrinkled.'




JULY

1st-4th The dealer Victor Chocquet's collection is auctioned at Georges Petit's gallery, his widow having died earlier in the year.

SEPTEMBER

15th Monet goes to England to begin work on a series of paintings of London. He stays at the Savoy Hotel and paints several views of Charing Cross Bridge.

16th Julie Manet mentions in her diary that Renoir and Degas are reconciled.

19th Pissarro visits Varengeville, near Dieppe, in search of 'fresh motifs'.

NOVEMBER
Monet is taken ill with influenza in London.

DECEMBER
Renoir gives his Portrait of Jean Renoir as a Child to the municipal museum in Limoges.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
THE CHOCQUET SALE
 
The collection belonging to Victor Chocquet was auctioned at Georges Petit's gallery between July 1st and 4th, major works being offered for sale on July 1st. and watercolours, drawings and other items on July 3rd. Chocquet's furniture came under the hammer on July 4th. The catalogue was a sumptuous one, with numerous illustrations - including one of Renoir's portraits of Chocquet. which was reproduced as the frontispiece, but was not listed in the catalogue.
 
 

RENOIR
Portrait of Victor Chocquet
1875

This is the second of two portraits that Renoir painted of Victor Choquet soon after he first met him in 1875. Although only recently introduced to the work of the Impressionists, Chocquet was already a discerning collector and owned several paintings by Delacroix, one of which can be seen behind the sitter in this painting. It is likely that Choquet habitually interlaced his fingers, as he is similarly depicted in two portraits by Cezanne, с. 1877.
 
 
A precise breakdown of what was auctioned is difficult, as at least twenty works were not catalogued and there was a supplementary sale, hors catalogue, the extent of which is unknown. Among the known works for sale were thirty-five Cezannes, fourteen Renoirs, twelve Monets, five Manets, one Pissarro and one Sisley. In general, prices were quite high (even the Cezannes surpassed their estimates). The top price paid for a Cezanne was 6200 francs for The House of the Hanged Man, but the main interest focused on his still lifes. Durand-Ruel bought three - two of them entitled Le Dessert, for 2000 francs and 3500 francs respectively, and one of flowers and fruit for 1300 francs.
Julie Manet attended the auction and noted the event in her diary:
 
 
The Chocquet sale. I was very excited at the prospect of perhaps buying a Delacroix. We followed the sale with Fauche and saw M.

Degas from afar looking very comical the way he examined each item through his magnifying glass. He was sitting next to the Rouarts. I was quite emotional when Maman's painting came up for sale, but was quickly reassured when the price went straight up to 8000 francs and finally stopped at 10,100.

The Renoirs did well, as did the Monets and the Cezannes, thanks to Vollard, but not the Manets, which was suprising. The Delacroix paintings went for practically nothing. 'Ovid amongst the Scythians', which I thought was so wonderful, only made 1800 francs. I'm almost sorry I didn't risk bidding for it, it would have been worth having a fling. Still I was pleased, as in the end I got the little sketch for 460 francs.

After the sale M. Degas asked us to go to his house with him in his carriage, with the Delacroix, so we took our leave of the Rouarts. M. Degas was very sorry not to have got the Chocquet portrait [by Renoir] - 'the portrait of one madman by another,' as he said. He liked it enormously. Durand-Ruel bought it for only 3500, but M. Degas had been afraid that Camondo would get it.
 

An invoice made out to Durand-Ruel, dated July 5th, 1899, which lists three paintings from the Chocquet collection sold hors catalogue. According to Durand-Ruel's records. No. 493 was the Portrait of Victor Chocquet by Renoir ), which sold for 1400 francs.
 
 
 

 
 
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