Pieter de Hooch

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Pieter de Hooch
Pieter de Hooch, Hooch also spelled Hoogh or Hooghe (baptized Dec. 20, 1629, Rotterdam, Neth.—buried March 24, 1684, Amsterdam), Dutch genre painter of the Delft school, noted for his interior scenes and masterful use of light.
De Hooch was a pupil of Claes Berchem at Haarlem. From 1653 he was in the service of Justus de Grange and lived in Delft, The Hague, and Leiden. He was a member of the painters’ guild of Delft from 1654 to 1657, but after that date there are no traces of his career until about 1667, when his presence was recorded in Amsterdam.

His work, both in style and subject matter, shows some affinity with that of Johannes Vermeer, who was living in Delft at the same time. His paintings, like Vermeer’s, are small works that display perfect finish and a great power of compositional discrimination. Though he sometimes painted open-air scenes—e.g., A Woman and Her Maid in a Court (1658)—and tavern genres—e.g., Backgammon Players (c. 1653)—he more typically painted two or three figures occupied with humble daily duties in a sober interior, the still atmosphere of which is broken only by the radiant entry of outdoor light illuminating the scene—e.g., The Pantry (c. 1658), A Mother Beside a Cradle (c. 1659–60), and At the Linen Closet (1663). These depictions of the serene simplicity of Dutch domestic life are free of sentimentality. Largely done between about 1655 and 1663 while de Hooch was living in Delft, they are considered his best works. In them he was preoccupied with the relation of light to different surfaces, the effect of enclosures and apertures on light intensity, the variation of tone, the complex arrangement of spatial units, and linear perspective.

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Drinkers in the Bower
Oil on canvas, 67 x 57 cm
National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh

The Bedroom
Oil on canvas, 50,8 x 61 cm
Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe

Couple with Parrot
Oil on canvas, 73 x 62 cm
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne

The Card-Players
Oil on canvas, 67 x 77 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris

Company Making Music
Oil on canvas
Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig

The Courtyard of a House in Delft
Oil on canvas, 73 x 60 cm
National Gallery, London

Dutch Family
c. 1662
Oil on canvas, 114 x 97 cm
Gemaldegalerie der Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna

At the Linen Closet
Oil on canvas, 72 x 77,5 cm
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam


Musical Party in a Courtyard
Oil on canvas, 83.5 x 68.5 cm
National Gallery, London

Woman Reading a Letter
Oil on canvas, 55 x 55 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest

The Morning of a Young man
Oil on wood, 40 x 53 cm
Pushkin Museum, Moscow

Card Players at a Table
Oil on canvas, 107 x 93 cm
Private collection

The Mother
c. 1660
Oil on canvas, 52,5 x 61 cm
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

Mother Lacing Her Bodice beside a Cradle
Oil on canvas, 92 x 100 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin

Woman Peeling Apples
c. 1663
Oil on canvas, 71 x 54 cm
Wallace Collection, London

Suckling Mother and Maid
Oil on canvas, 64 x 76 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Cardplayers in a Sunlit Room
Oil on canvas, 76,2 x 66,1 cm
Royal Collection, Windsor