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  Pieter de Hooch

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Pieter de Hooch
 
 
 
Pieter de Hooch, Hooch also spelled Hoogh or Hooghe (baptized Dec. 20, 1629, Rotterdam, Neth.—buried March 24, 1684, Amsterdam), Dutch genre painter of the Delft school, noted for his interior scenes and masterful use of light.
 
De Hooch was a pupil of Claes Berchem at Haarlem. From 1653 he was in the service of Justus de Grange and lived in Delft, The Hague, and Leiden. He was a member of the painters’ guild of Delft from 1654 to 1657, but after that date there are no traces of his career until about 1667, when his presence was recorded in Amsterdam.

His work, both in style and subject matter, shows some affinity with that of Johannes Vermeer, who was living in Delft at the same time. His paintings, like Vermeer’s, are small works that display perfect finish and a great power of compositional discrimination. Though he sometimes painted open-air scenes—e.g., A Woman and Her Maid in a Court (1658)—and tavern genres—e.g., Backgammon Players (c. 1653)—he more typically painted two or three figures occupied with humble daily duties in a sober interior, the still atmosphere of which is broken only by the radiant entry of outdoor light illuminating the scene—e.g., The Pantry (c. 1658), A Mother Beside a Cradle (c. 1659–60), and At the Linen Closet (1663). These depictions of the serene simplicity of Dutch domestic life are free of sentimentality. Largely done between about 1655 and 1663 while de Hooch was living in Delft, they are considered his best works. In them he was preoccupied with the relation of light to different surfaces, the effect of enclosures and apertures on light intensity, the variation of tone, the complex arrangement of spatial units, and linear perspective.

Encyclopædia Britannica

 
 
 

Drinkers in the Bower
1658
Oil on canvas, 67 x 57 cm
National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh








The Bedroom
1658-60
Oil on canvas, 50,8 x 61 cm
Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe



Couple with Parrot
1668
Oil on canvas, 73 x 62 cm
Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne


The Card-Players
1663-65
Oil on canvas, 67 x 77 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris


Company Making Music
Oil on canvas
Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig


The Courtyard of a House in Delft
1658
Oil on canvas, 73 x 60 cm
National Gallery, London


Dutch Family
c. 1662
Oil on canvas, 114 x 97 cm
Gemaldegalerie der Akademie der bildenden Künste, Vienna


At the Linen Closet
1665
Oil on canvas, 72 x 77,5 cm
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam

 
 
 
 



Musical Party in a Courtyard
1677
Oil on canvas, 83.5 x 68.5 cm
National Gallery, London







Woman Reading a Letter
1664
Oil on canvas, 55 x 55 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest


The Morning of a Young man
Oil on wood, 40 x 53 cm
Pushkin Museum, Moscow


Card Players at a Table
1670-74
Oil on canvas, 107 x 93 cm
Private collection


The Mother
c. 1660
Oil on canvas, 52,5 x 61 cm
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam


Mother Lacing Her Bodice beside a Cradle
1659-60
Oil on canvas, 92 x 100 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin


Woman Peeling Apples
c. 1663
Oil on canvas, 71 x 54 cm
Wallace Collection, London


Suckling Mother and Maid
1670-75
Oil on canvas, 64 x 76 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna


Cardplayers in a Sunlit Room
1658
Oil on canvas, 76,2 x 66,1 cm
Royal Collection, Windsor

 
 
 

 
 
 
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