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  Meindert Hobbema  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Meindert Hobbema
 
 
Meindert Hobbema, Meindert also spelled Meyndert, original name Meyndert Lubbertsz(oon) (baptized Oct. 31, 1638, Amsterdam—died Dec. 7, 1709, Amsterdam), Dutch painter, one of the most important Baroque landscapists of the Dutch school.

He lived all his life in Amsterdam, adopting the surname of Hobbema as a young man. He was a friend and pupil of Jacob van Ruisdael. The two made sketching tours together and often painted the same views. In November 1668 Hobbema married the cook of the burgomaster of Amsterdam and through her influence obtained a minor municipal appointment checking weights and measures of imported wines. It was at one time thought that the acceptance of this post marked the end of Hobbema’s artistic career. The position does seem to have reduced his activity as a painter, but the substantiation of a date of 1689 for his masterpiece The Avenue at Middelharnis and the discovery of a date of 1671 after the cleaning of The Ruins of Brederode Castle show that there was a development to greater maturity in his later works. Although popular and influential after his death, particularly among 18th- and 19th-century English collectors and painters, Hobbema had little success in his lifetime and was buried a pauper. In the 20th century, he was generally regarded as second only to Ruisdael in importance among Dutch landscapists.

Unlike Ruisdael, who liked to paint landscapes in all their wild splendour, Hobbema preferred quiet rural scenes of sun-dappled countryside, thickly studded with trees, and with scattered rustic buildings. A peaceful stream with a water mill may enliven the scene, as in The Water Mill (c. 1665). His idyllic landscapes are carefully composed and feature meticulous renderings of twisted foliage and gentle terrain. Hobbema softened Ruisdael’s dramatic conception of landscape but retained a certain inventive grandeur in his views of the Dutch countryside.

Encyclopædia Britannica

 
 
 
 


The Alley at Middelharnis
1689
Oil on canvas, 103,5 x 141 cm
National Gallery, London





Farm in the Woods
1662
Oil on canvas, 82 x 103 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris





Landscape with a Hut
c. 1660
Oil on wood, 53 x 65 cm
Szépmûvészeti Múzeum, Budapest





Landscape
Panel
Alte Pinakothek, Munich






Marshy Wood
c. 1660
Oil on canvas, 69 x 90 cm
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid






Road on a Dyke
1663
Oil on canvas, 108 x 128 cm
Private collection






The Travelers
1663
Oil on canvas
National Gallery of Art, Washington






Entrance to a Village
c. 1665
Oil on wood, 75 x 110 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York






Village Street under Trees
c. 1665
Oil on canvas, 97 x 129 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin





The Water Mill
Oil on oak, 59,5 x 84,5 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden





The Water Mill
1660s
Oil on canvas, 80 x 66 cm
Musée du Louvre, Paris





A Watermill
c. 1666
Oil on panel, 61 x 85 cm
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam





A Watermill
c. 1664
Oil on panel, 62 x 86 cm
Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam





The Water Mill
1663-68
Oil on wood, 77,5 x 111 cm
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels





A Watermill beside a Woody Lane
c. 1665
Oil on canvas
Royal Collection, Windsor





Wooded Landscape with Travellers
Oil on panel, 61 x 87 cm
Private collection





Wooded Landscape with Water Mill
1662-1664
Oil on canvas, 81 x 110 cm
Art Institute, Chicago





Wooded Landscape
1662
Oil on canvas, 96 x 133 cm
National Gallery of Scotland, Edinburgh





Wooded Landscape with Cottages
c. 1655
Oil on canvas, 88 x 121 cm
Mauritshuis, The Hague





A Wooded Landscape
1660-65
Oil on canvas, 56,5 x 50 cm
Wallace Collection, London





Woodland Road
c. 1670
Oil on canvas, 95 x 130 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

 
 
 
 

Watermill
Chalk, 201 x 313 mm
Teylers Museum, Haarlem

 
 
 

 
 
 
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