Jan Gossart

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Jan Gossart
Jan Gossart, also called Jan Gossaert or Jan Mabuse (born c. 1478, Maubeuge?, France—died October 1, 1532, Antwerp?), Flemish painter who was one of the first artists to introduce the style of the Italian Renaissance into the Low Countries.

Gossart is most likely to be identified with Jennyn van Hennegouwe, who is registered as a master in the Guild of St. Luke at Antwerp in 1503. His most important early work extant is the Adoration of the Kings, which is painted in the ornate style of the Antwerp school. Other early works, such as Jesus, the Virgin, and the Baptist, reflect his interest in the works of Jan van Eyck and Albrecht Dürer. Another early work, famous for its sense of mood, is the Agony in the Garden.

In 1508 Gossart accompanied his employer, Philip of Burgundy, to Italy, where he was strongly impressed by the art of the High Renaissance. After his return from Italy in 1509, he continued to study Italian art through the engravings of Marcantonio Raimondi and Jacopo de’ Barbari. Gossart’s subsequent work shows a continuous effort to develop a fully Italianate style. This is evident in such works as the Neptune and Amphitrite (1516) and the Hercules and Deianira (1517), in which his early, complex designs have given way to a comparatively simple and direct conception.

Sculpturesque nudes become common in Gossart’s later paintings, but they seldom avoid the stiff quality of his earlier figures. In his Danae, Gossart employs an elaborate architectural setting as a foil for the seminude figure, a device he frequently used. Throughout his life, he retained the lapidary technique and careful observation that were traditional in Netherlandish art.

Gossart was also a renowned portrait painter. His portraits, such as the Charles de Bourgogne, Eleanor of Austria (c. 1525), and Jean Carondelet (1517), reveal his facility for psychological perception and are particularly notable for their expressive depiction of hands.

Encyclopædia Britannica

The Doria-Pamphilj Diptych (right wing)
Oil on oak panel, 40 x 22 cm
Galleria Doria Pamphilj, Rome

The Malvagna Triptych
Oil on panel, 46 x 35 cm (centre panel), 45 x 18 cm (each wing)
Galleria Regionale della Sicilia, Palermo

The Malvagna Altarpiece (centre panel)
Oil on panel, 46 x 35 cm
Galleria Regionale della Sicilia, Palermo

The Norfolk Triptych (central panel)
Oil on oak panel, 48 x 37 cm
Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, Virginia


The Holy Family
c. 1510
Oil on oak panel, 46 x 34 cm
J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles

Virgin and Child with the Veil
c. 1520
Oil on oak panel, 25 x 20 cm
Mauritshuis, The Hague

Virgin and Child
c. 1520
Oil on oak panel, 39 x 27 cm
National Gallery, London

Virgin and Child
c. 1522
Oil on oak panel, 39 x 30 cm
Landesmuseum, Mьnster

Virgin and Child
c. 1525
Oil on oak panel, 53 x 40 cm
Art Institute, Chicago

Virgin and Child
Oil on oak panel, 31 x 24 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Virgin and Child
c. 1527
Oil on oak panel, 63 x 50 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

Virgin and Child
Oil on oak panel, 48 x 38 cm
Staatliche Museen, Berlin

Virgin and Child
c. 1530
Oil on oak panel, 45 x 34 cm
Private collection

Virgin and Child in a Landscape
Oil on oak panel, 50 x 38 cm (without frame)
Museum of Art, Cleveland

Virgin and Child
Oil on oak panel, 34 x 25 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington