Gustave Dore

EDGAR POE "The Raven"



The History of the Crusades  - 1 - 2

DANTE ALIGHIERI "The Divine Comedy" - 1 - 2

MILTON "Paradise Lost" - 1 - 2

ARIOSTO "Orlando Furioso" - 1 - 2 - 3

RABELAIS "Gargantua and Pantagruel" - 1 - 2

CERVANTES "Don Quixote" - 1 - 2

TENNYSON "Idylls of the King"

Gustave Dore
The History of the Crusades


Blondel de Nesle, dressed as a minstrel, finds the captive King Richard I 
of England by singing the first two couplets of a song they composed jointly.

Beginning to respect the cross of Christ, the armies of the Goths, 
the Huns, and the Vandals protect the Crusaders on their journeys.

Count of Anjou, is haunted by the spirits of those he has killed.

Peter the Hermit’s preaching inspires awe and reverence in the crowd of Crusaders.

At the start of 
spring, the Crusaders embark on their trek crying “Deus volt” (God wills it).

The Bulgarians kill many of Walter’s soldiers in retaliation after his army steals provisions and pillages their city.

In the 
battle against Merseburg, the Crusaders are panic-stricken when several ladders collapse under their weight.

On the way to the Holy Land, the Crusaders discover the scattered 
skeletal remains of the armies of Peter the Hermit and Walter the Penniless.

The stars, ascending on the horizon in the shape of a cross and a wreath of thorns, 
are thought to be a supernatural sign from God to the Crusaders.


The Crusaders admire the innumerable riches and luxuries sent to Bohemond from the East.

The few 
surviving soldiers of Peter’s army apprise 
Godfrey and his Crusaders about the massacre by the Saracens.

Through motivational speeches, the priests give the 
Crusaders spiritual 
support and encouragement.

As a victorious gesture, severed heads from slaughtered 
Turks are thrown into the city by the Crusaders.

Godfrey, Tancred, and the two Roberts fight valiantly, eventually defeating the Turks.

Under the supreme leadership of Bohemond, the Crusaders defeat the Turks in a lengthy battle.

Returning to the battlefield to bury the dead, the Crusaders strip Saracen corpses.

The sight of Antioch, so celebrated in the annals of Christianity, 
revives the enthusiasm of the Crusaders.

Florine, the daughter of the Duke of Burgundy, 
courageously fights alongside her fiance, the son of the king of Denmark.

Encountering reluctance among his soldiers, Bohemond scales the rampart himself, 
unaccompanied by any of of his fearful followers.


access to the Turkish garrison by treachery, 
the Crusaders brutally massacre thousands of people.

Carrying the holy lance, Barthélemi, priest of Marseilles, 
prepares to walk through fire to prove his integrity.


A luminous angel guides the Crusaders 
marching at night.

At the sight of Jerusalem on June 10, 1099, 
the Crusaders shout out their battle cry triumphantly.

The Crusaders leave the battlefield disappointed after twelve hours of fighting 

Godfrey and Raymond behold St. George on the Mount of Olives. 

Attacked by stones, arrows, and flames, Godfrey and his soldiers prevail over the Saracens and enter Jerusalem.

The Crusaders worship the true cross after it is found in Jerusalem and placed in the church of the Resurrection.

Godfrey requests tributes from the emirs of Cæsarea, Ptolemais, and Ascalon to acknowledge their submission.

Gerard of Avesnes, a Christian knight, tied to a high 
against the enemy wall and certain to die, begs Godfrey to save his life.

Baldwin storms the city of Cæsarea, ruthlessy killing all of the people.

In an impulsive attack on the Saracens, 200 Christian knights, 
led by Baldwin, attack 20,000 Saracens and are surrounded and vanquished.

Hiding their sorrow, the Christians support Baldwin when he falls deathly ill in the desert between Egypt and Palestine.

The Turkish emir, Ilghazy, having massacred many prisoners, sends Gauthier, 
the chancellor, to warn the Christians of the dangers they will face in Palestine.

Mesmerized by St Bernard’s eloquent speech, Louis VII falls at his feet and demands the cross.

Fatigued and withered from lack of food, the Christian army of Conrad III of Germany 
is decimated by the hardy infidels at Damascus.

Lurking on the precipice, the 
Turks ambush the Christians.

King Louis VII, one of the only 
surviving nobles on the battlefield, takes refuge against a rock.

A formidable leader, Saladin, sultan of Egypt, is respected by his enemies and idolized by his followers.

Jacques de Maillé, a knight of the Temple, struggles tenaciously against the Saracens, 
refusing to succumb to his wounds.

Frederick I of Germany, drowned in the river, is preserved for burial in Jerusalem.

Desperately in need of reinforcements, the Christians rejoice at the sight of the ship bearing the cross.

The Crusaders’ fury is sparked anew when Richard the Lion-Heart joins their forces, 
uniting them to defeat the Muslims.

Richard the Lion-Heart savagely massacres all the Muslim prisoners when 
Saladin does not pay his ransom promptly.

The infidels advance upon the Crusaders, surrounding them on all sides.

On the battlefield, the armies of Richard and Saladin are transformed into a crowded mob of soldiers.

Richard and his knights pursue the Saracens into the coast of Jaffa. 

Dandolo, the astute 90-year-old doge of Venice, promises to supply ships and provisions 
for a low fee in exchange for half of all eastern conquests. 

Mourzoufle poisons and strangles young Alexius, succeeding him as emperor. 

Conferring with the doge on horseback, Greek nationalist Mourzoufle agrees 
to give monetary support to the Crusaders, but refuses to comply with the Roman church. 

The Crusaders invade Constantinople, killing everyone they encounter, 
setting fire to the city and frightening the Greeks into retreating.