TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY
 

Loading
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
     
     
  Walter Crane

1 - 2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CONTENTS
  BACK NEXT   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Walter Crane
 
 
 
 
Walter Crane, (born August 15, 1845, Liverpool, Lancashire, England—died March 14, 1915, Horsham, Sussex), English illustrator, painter, and designer primarily known for his imaginative illustrations of children’s books.

He was the son of the portrait painter and miniaturist Thomas Crane (1808–59), and he served as an apprentice (1859–62) to the wood engraver W.J. Linton in London, where he was able to study both the Italian old masters and contemporary work by Dante Gabriel Rossetti and John Millais. Probably the most important technical development in his art derived from his study of Japanese colour prints, whose methods he used in a series of toy books (1869–75), thereby starting a new fashion. The ideas and teachings of the Pre-Raphaelites and of John Ruskin manifested themselves in his early paintings such as “The Lady of Shalott” (1862). He came to oppose the policies of the academy, which steadily refused his later work. In 1864 he began to illustrate an admirable series of sixpenny toy books of nursery rhymes for Edmund Evans, the colour printer. A new series, beginning with The Frog Prince (1873), was more elaborate, and to the Japanese influence was added that of Florentine 15th-century painting, following a long visit to Italy.

A strong didactic, moral element underlies much of Crane’s work, and for several years he contributed weekly cartoons to the socialist periodicals Justice and The Commonweal. Many of these were collected as Cartoons for the Cause (1896). He was founder-president of the Art Workers’ Guild and in 1888 founded the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society. Crane designed Art Nouveau textiles and wallpaper that became internationally popular. Crane became art director first of the Manchester School of Art (1893–96), then of Reading College (1896–98), and finally principal of the Royal College of Art, South Kensington, London (1898–99). His chief importance lies in book illustration, the standard of which he helped greatly to raise. He worked with William Morris in 1894 on the page decorations of The Story of the Glittering Plain, printed by the Kelmscott Press in the style of 16th-century German and Italian woodcuts. Among the best of his book illustrations are those for Edmund Spenser’s Faerie Queene (1895–97) and The Shepheardes Calendar (1897).

Encyclopædia Britannica
 
 
 

The Angel of Peace





Architecture




At Home: A Portrait




The Aventine from the Palatine




Beatrice and Lionel Crane






Craftsmanship




The Lady of Shalott




Love's Altar




The Moat and Bishop's Palace, Wells Cathedral




My Soul is an Enchanted Boat...




Neptun's Horses





Painting





The Renaissance of Venus





Sculpture




Summer




The Triumph of Spring

 
 
 


King Arthur asks the lady of the lake for the sword Excalibur

 

 

The Advent of Spring








Diana




Diana and Endymion





Europe, Asia, Africa




Shelley's Tomb in the Protestant Cemetery




Winter




La belle Dame Sans Merci




La Primavera




Laura reading




Morn, Noon, Eve, Night



Nyads and Dryads


Ruth and Boaz








Syracuse, Anapo River




Violet and Lily




Princess Belle-Etoile





Princess Belle-Etoile

 
 
 

 
 
 
CONTENTS
  BACK NEXT   
 
 
     

>NEXT