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Francois Clouet
 
 
 
 
 
Francois Clouet, (born c. 1515, /20, Tours, Fr.—died 1572, Paris), French painter who immortalized in his portraits the society of the court of the royal house of Valois.

The son of Jean Clouet, he was known also under his father’s byname, Janet, a circumstance that created a persistent confusion between the works of these two painters. François worked with Jean possibly as early as 1536 and replaced him in 1540 as official painter to Francis I. He continued in this office, serving under Henry II, Francis II, and Charles IX. He directed a large workshop in which miniaturists, enamel designers, and decorators carried out his projects. In addition to making portraits, he painted genre subjects, including nude figures (e.g., “Diane de Poitiers”) and theatrical scenes—the latter attested by an engraving, as well as by a picture entitled “Scene of the Commedia dell’Arte.” He also supervised the decorations for funeral ceremonies and for the triumphal entries of the French kings.

It has been possible to identify his work on the basis of two signed pictures, “Diane de Poitiers” and the “Portrait of Pierre Quthe” (1562), and of another one bearing a 16th-century ascription to him, “Portrait of Charles IX, Full-Length” (probably 1569). The identification of the preparatory drawing for the last picture has enabled experts to attribute 50 portrait drawings and several painted portraits to François.

François Clouet was a typical Renaissance painter, closely related to the humanistic circles and praised by many poets of his day, including Pierre de Ronsard and Joachim du Bellay. As a portrait painter he was less profound than Jean Clouet, although he was able to render a more vivid, fleeting expression of the face. His drawings are characteristic of the French Renaissance with their almost dry precision, elegant stylization, and clear-cut plasticity.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 
 
 
 

Portrait of King Charles IX of France
1561
Oil on wood, 25 x 21 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna




The Bath of Diana
1550s
Oil on panel, 133 x 192 cm
Musйe des Beaux-Arts, Rouen




The Bath of Diana
1550s
Oil on panel, 78 x 110 cm
Museu de Arte, São Paulo



A Lady in Her Bath
c. 1571
Oil on wood, 92 x 81 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington




A Lady in Her Bath
c. 1571
Oil on wood, 92 x 81 cm
National Gallery of Art, Washington




A Lady in Her Bath (detail)
c. 1571
Oil on wood
National Gallery of Art, Washington




Portrait of Claude Gouffier
c. 1568
Oil on panel
Musйe National du Château, Versailles




Portrait of Henri II
c. 1547
Oil on canvas, 192 x 105 cm
Galleria Palatina (Palazzo Pitti), Florence




Henri II of Valois and Caterina de' Medici, Surrounded by Members of Their Family
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Tempera on parchment (minatures)
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence




Portrait of Francis I, King of France
c. 1540
Oil on wood, 27 x 22 cm
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence




Portrait of Francis I, King of France
c. 1540
Gouache on vellum, 280 x 227 mm
Musйe du Louvre, Paris




Elisabeth of Austria, Queen of France
c. 1571
Oil on canvas, 36 x 26 cm
Musйe du Louvre, Paris




Pierre Quthe
1562
Oil on wood, 91 x 70 cm
Musйe du Louvre, Paris





Portrait of Charles IX
1560s
Italian pencil and red chalk, 335 x 225 mm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg

 
 
 
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