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  Joos van Cleve  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Joos van Cleve
 
 
 
Joos van Cleve [van der Beke]

(b ?Cleve; d Antwerp, between 10 Nov 1540 and 13 April 1541).

He is mentioned in several Antwerp legal documents as ‘Joos van der Beke alias van Cleve’ and was most likely born in either the city or the Lower Rhenish province of Cleve. His first known teacher was Jan Joest, whom he assisted in painting the wings of the high altar in the church of St Nikolai, Kalkar (begun 1505, installed 1508; in situ). Bialostocki (1972) identified a self-portrait of Joos in the Raising of Lazarus panel of this altarpiece; there are also strong similarities between the figures of Adam and Eve in the background of the Presentation in the Temple panel of this altarpiece and the earliest dated paintings attributed to Joos, the Adam and Eve altarpiece wings (1507; Paris, Louvre). These panels also show the influence of the Bruges painters Hans Memling and Gerard David, and although South Netherlandish influences are found in Jan Joest and other Lower Rhenish artists, it is possible that the Adam and Eve formed part of an altarpiece produced in Bruges. Most authors believe it possible that Joos was active in Bruges from c. 1507. Two portraits date from these early years: the Portrait of a Man (1509; Germany, priv. col.; sold New York, Sotheby’s, 7 June 1984, lot 13) and that of Maximilian I (Vienna, Ksthist. Mus., on loan to Vienna, Schatzkam.), for which a terminus ante quem is provided by a dated replica (1510; Paris, Mus. Jacquemart-André). The depiction of Maximilian holding a pink may reflect a lost Netherlandish model from c. 1477–80.




Portrait of Eleonora, Queen of France
c. 1530
Oil on wood, 35,5 x 29,5 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna



The Holy Family
1512
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY, USA






Portrait of a Man and Woman
1520 and 1527
Oil on wood, 57 x 42 cm (each)
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence






The Holy Family
Oil on canvas transferred from wood, 42,5 x 31,5 cm
The Hermitage, St. Petersburg



The Infants Christ and Saint John the Baptist Embracing
1525-30
Oil on panel, 75 x 58 cm
Art Institute, Chicago





Lucretia
1525

 
 
 
 

Portrait of Anthonis van Hilten
Oil on oak, 40 x 29 cm
Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Enschede



Portrait of Agniete van den Rijne
Oil on oak, 40 x 29 cm
Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Enschede


Altarpiece of the Lamentation (central)
Oil on wood, 145 x 206 cm
Musee du Louvre, Paris


Altarpiece of the Lamentation (detail)
Oil on wood, 45 x 206 cm (entire predella)
Musee du Louvre, Paris



Altarpiece of the Lamentation (detail)
Oil on wood, 45 x 206 cm (entire predella)
Musee du Louvre, Paris

 
 
 
 

Virgin and Child
c. 1535
Wood, 75,5 x 54,5 cm
Landesmuseum, Oldenburg



Virgin and Child
1525






St Anne with the Virgin and Child and St Joachim
Wood, 109 x 74 cm
Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels



Virgin and Child
Wood, 52,5 x 42 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest




Portrait of an Unknown Woman
1527
oil on wood
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence






Portrait of an Unknown Man
1520
oil on wood
Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence



The Last Judgment
1520–25

 
 
 
 

La Sainte Famille


Adoration of the Kings

 


The Annunciation
1525


Adoration of the Magi

c. 1525




The Crucifixion with Saints and a Donor
triptych
ca. 1520



Triptych
Centre: the Deposition from the Cross
Left wing: St John the Baptist with a Donor
Right wing: St Margaret of Antioch with a Donatrix
1518





Mater Dolorosa


Joris Vezeleer
1518


Margaretha Boghe, Wife of Joris Vezeleer
1518



The Holy Family
1515-20


Maximilian I
c. 1510




Triptych depicting the Lamentation of Christ




Bildnis eines jungen Mannes
1528


La Vierge et l'Enfant avec un dominicain offrant son coeur
1510


Saint Jean a Patmos


Saint Jerome in Penitence
c.1516-1518


Virgin and Child with Angels
1520 - 25




St. Jerome in his Study





The Madonna and Child

 
 
 
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