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Carl Gustav Carus
 
 

Carl Gustav Carus by Johann Carl Rössler
 
 
Carl Gustav Carus (3 January 1789 – 28 July 1869) was a German physiologist and painter, born in Leipzig, who played various roles during the Romantic era. A friend of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, he was a many-sided man: a doctor, a naturalist, a scientist, a psychologist, and a landscape painter who studied under Caspar David Friedrich.


Life and work

In 1811 he graduated as a doctor of medicine and a doctor of philosophy. In 1814 he was appointed professor of obstetrics and director of the maternity clinic at the teaching institution for medicine and surgery in Dresden. He wrote on art theory. From 1814 to 1817 he taught himself oil painting working under Caspar David Friedrich, a Dresden landscape painter. He had already taken drawing lessons from Julius Diez and subsequently studied under Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld at the Oeser drawing academy.

When the King of Saxony, Frederick Augustus II, made an informal tour of Britain in 1844, Carus accompanied him as his personal physician. It was not a state visit, but the King, with Carus, was the guest of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert at Windsor Castle, and Carus was able to visit many of the sights in London and the university cities of Oxford and Cambridge, and meet others active in the field of scientific discoveries. They toured widely in England, Wales and Scotland, and afterwards Carus published, on the basis of his journal, The King of Saxony's Journey through England and Scotland, 1844.

He is best known to scientists for originating the concept of the vertebrate archetype, a seminal idea in the development of Darwin's theory of evolution. In 1836, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Carus is also noted for Psyche (1846).

Carl Jung credited Carus with pointing to the unconscious as the essential basis of the psyche.

Although various philosophers, among them Leibniz, Kant, and Schelling, had already pointed very clearly to the problem of the dark side of the psyche, it was a physician who felt impelled, from his scientific and medical experience, to point to the unconscious as the essential basis of the psyche. This was C. G. Carus, the authority whom Eduard von Hartmann followed. (Jung [1959] 1969, par. 259)

Carus died in Dresden. He is buried in the Trinitatis-Friedhof (Trinitatis Cemetery) east of the city centre. The grave lies in the south-west section, against the southern wall. The grave is currently (2015) identified for removal due to non-payment of fees.

The standard author abbreviation Carus is used to indicate this individual as the author when citing a botanical name.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 
 
 

Mönch in Winterlandschaft





Abenddämmerung bei Schloß Moritzburg






Abendliche Gebirgslandschaft mit Flusstal und Klosteranlage





Abendliche Mittelgebirgslandschaft





Ansicht von Priessnitz bei Dresden





Ausblick in Hosterwitz





Aussicht





Balcony Room with a View of the Bay of Naples






Baum über Steinen





Baumstudie bei Hosterwitz





Baumstudie





Blick auf Dresden bei Sonnenuntergang






Blick auf Dresden von der Brühlschen Terrasse





Blick auf Florenz.jpg
Carl Gustav Caru





Blick vom Montanvert auf die Montblanc-Gruppe (1822-24)





Blick über eine Waldlandschaft





Blick über einen bewaldeten Abhang in weite Gebirgslandschaft








Blühende Holunderhecke im Mondschein (ca.1825)





Boot im Eis





Brandung bei Rügen





Bäume im Frühling





Castel dell'Ovo





Das Atelierfenster






Das Eismeer bei Chamonix





The Imperial Castle





Die Musik







Ein überwucherter Stolleneingang





Faust im Gebirge






Frühlingslandschaft im Rosenthal bei Leipzig





Geborstener Baumstamm (1812)





Geognostische Landschaft (1820)





Gotisches Fenster in der Ruine des Klosters Oybin





Haus Carus in Pillnitz





Hochgebirgstal (1822)





Hünengrab mit ruhendem Wanderer






Im Keppgrund bei Hosterwitz





Italienische Fischer im Hafen von Neapel





Italienischer Mondschein (Rom, Peterskirche im Mondschein)





Kahler Baum im Herbstnebel






Barge Trip on the Elbe near Dresden (Morning on the Elbe)




Kloster Monte Oliveto bei Florenz



 

Fenster am Oybin im Mondschein


Sorrent


Wanderer on the Mountaintop


Tintern Abbey

 
 
 

 
 
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