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  Bernardo Bellotto (Canaletto)

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Bernardo Bellotto (Canaletto)
 
 
 
Bernardo Bellotto, also called Canaletto Belotto, or Canaletto the Younger (born Jan. 30, 1720, Venice—died Oct. 17, 1780, Warsaw, Pol.), vedute (“view”) painter of the Venetian school known for his carefully drawn topographical paintings of central Italian and eastern European cities.

Bellotto studied under his uncle, Canaletto, and was himself known by that name when painting outside Italy. Bellotto’s urban scenes have the same carefully drawn realism as his uncle’s Venetian views but are marked by heavy shadows and are darker and colder in tone and colour. The fidelity of his views is in part attributable to the use of the camera obscura.

He painted scenes of Venice until 1742, when he left for Rome, and, after traveling in northern Italy for a time, he permanently left the country and went to Munich in 1747. He became court painter to the elector Frederick Augustus II (later king of Poland as Augustus III) and lived mostly in Dresden from 1747 to 1766. In 1767 he went to St. Petersburg and was invited by Stanisław II of Poland to come to Warsaw and become his court painter. Bellotto’s accurately detailed views of the Polish capital were used after World War II to restore the historic sections of the city.

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Rio dei Mendicanti with the Scuola di San Marco
1738-40
Oil on canvas, 42 x 69 cm
Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice




Rio dei Mendicanti with the Scuola di San Marco (detail)
1738-40
Oil on canvas
Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice





Rio dei Mendicanti with the Scuola di San Marco (detail)
1738-40
Oil on canvas
Gallerie dell'Accademia, Venice





View of the Grand Canal at San Stae
1738-40
Oil on canvas, 70,5 x 126,5 cm
Private collection





The Piazza della Signoria in Florence
c. 1742
Oil on canvas, 61 x 90 cm
Szépmûvészeti Múzeum, Budapest





Capriccio with the Colosseum
1743-44
Oil on canvas
Galleria Nazionale, Parma





Capriccio of the Capitol
1743-44
Oil on canvas
Galleria Nazionale, Parma





View of the Villa Cagnola at Gazzada near Varese
1744
Oil on canvas, 100 x 65 cm
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan




View of Gazzada near Varese
1744
Oil on canvas
Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan




View of Turin near the Royal Palace
1745
Oil on canvas, 129,5 x 174 cm
Galleria Sabauda, Turin





View of Verona and the River Adige from the Ponte Nuovo
1747-48
Oil on canvas
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden





Rome: View of the Piazza di San Giovanni in Laterano
1743-44
Oil on canvas, 63 x 99 cm
Private collection





Capriccio Padovano
1740-42
Oil on canvas, 49 x 73 cm
Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza, Madrid

 
 
 


The Kreuzkirche in Dresden
1747-56
Oil on canvas, 196 x 186 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden





View of Dresden from the Right Bank of the Elbe with the Augustus Bridge
1748
Oil on canvas, 133 x 237 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden




Dresden, the Frauenkirche and the Rampische Gasse
1749-53
Oil on canvas, 193 x 186 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden





New Market Square in Dresden
1750
Oil on canvas, 136 x 236 cm
Gemäldegalerie, Dresden

 
 
 

 
 
 
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