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  Jacques Callot

"Miseries of War"
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Jacques Callot
 
 
 
 
Jacques Callot, (born March–August 1592, Nancy, France—died March 24, 1635, Nancy), French printmaker who was one of the first great artists to practice the graphic arts exclusively. His innovative series of prints documenting the horrors of war greatly influenced the socially conscious artists of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Callot’s career was divided into an Italian period (c. 1609–21) and a Lorraine (France) period (from 1621 until his death). He learned the technique of engraving under Philippe Thomassin in Rome. About 1612 he went to Florence. At that time Medici patronage expended itself almost exclusively in feste, quasi-dramatic pageants, sometimes dealing in allegorical subjects, and Callot was employed to make pictorial records of these mannered, sophisticated entertainments. He succeeded in evolving a naturalistic style while preserving the artificiality of the occasion, organizing a composition as if it were a stage setting and reducing the figures to a tiny scale, each one indicated by the fewest possible strokes. This required a very fine etching technique. His breadth of observation, his lively figure style, and his skill in assembling a large, jostling crowd secured for his etchings a lasting popular influence all over Europe.

Callot also had a genius for caricature and the grotesque. His series of plates of single or dual figures—for example, the Balli di Sfessania (“Dance of Sfessania”), the Caprices of Various Figures, and the Hunchbacks—are witty and picturesque and show a rare eye for factual detail.

With a few exceptions, the subject matter of the etchings of the Lorraine period is less frivolous, and Callot was hardly employed at all by the court at Nancy. He illustrated sacred books, made a series of plates of the Apostles, and visited Paris to etch animated maps of the sieges of La Rochelle and the Île de Ré. In his last great series of etchings, the “small” (1632) and the “large” (1633) The Miseries and Misfortunes of War, he brought his documentary genius to bear on the atrocities of the Thirty Years’ War. Callot is also well known for his landscape drawings in line and wash and for his quick figure studies in chalk.

Encyclopædia Britannica

 
 
 



Man





Prince Phalsbourg



An Angry Warrior
1619





The Temptation of Saint Anthony
1635






Audiencia con el papa





Bautismo del principe de Espana







Boda de la reina de Espana






The Battle of Avigliana
after 1631
Etching, 352 x 521 mm
Various collections




The Holy Family at Table
1628
Etching, 190 x 165 mm
Various collections




View of the Seine in Paris
Etching, 167 x 339 mm
Museum Mayer van den Bergh, Antwerp

 
 
 
 



Man before Battle





The Conversion of St. Paul






The Fan
1619





Cap. Cardoni-Maramao






Cap.Esgangarato-Cap. Cocodrilo



Combat a la Barriere
1627




Fair at Gondreville
1625





Imprumena Fair
1620





The Ten Legal Punisments
1634





The Parting of the Red Sea
1630





The Slave Market





The Martyrdom of St. Sebastian
1631

 
 
 

 
 
 
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