TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY
 

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  History of photography

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History of photography
 
 
 
Harry Callahan
 
 
Harry Morey Callahan (October 22, 1912– March 15, 1999) was an American photographer who is considered one of the great innovators of modern American photography. He was born in Detroit, Michigan and started photographing in 1938 as an autodidact. By 1946, he was appointed by László Moholy-Nagy to teach photography at the Institute of Design in Chicago. Callahan retired in 1977, at which time he was teaching at the Rhode Island School of Design.
Callahan left almost no written records--no diaries, letters, scrapbooks or teaching notes. His technical photographic method was to go out almost every morning, walk the city he lived in and take numerous pictures. He then spent almost every afternoon making proof prints of that day's best negatives. Yet, for all his photographic activity, Callahan, at his own estimation, produced no more than half a dozen final images a year.
He photographed his wife, Eleanor, and daughter, Barbara, and the streets, scenes and buildings of cities where he lived, showing a strong sense of line and form, and light and darkness. He also worked with multiple exposures. Callahan's work was a deeply personal response to his own life. He was well known to encourage his students to turn their cameras on their lives, and he led by example. Callahan photographed his wife over a period of fifteen years, as his prime subject. Eleanor was essential to his art from 1947 to 1960. He photographed her everywhere - at home, in the city streets, in the landscape; alone, with their daughter, in black and white and in color, nude and clothed, distant and close. He tried several technical experiments - double and triple exposure, blurs, large and small format film.
In 1950 his daughter Barbara, was born. Even prior to her birth she showed up in photographs of Eleanor's pregnancy. From 1948 to 1953 Eleanor, and sometimes Barbara, were shown out in the landscape as a tiny counterpoint to large expanses of park, skyline or water.
Callahan died in Atlanta in 1999. He left behind 100,000 negatives and over 10,000 proof prints. The Center for Creative Photography at the University of Arizona, which actively collects, preserves and makes available individual works by 20th-century North American photographers, maintains his photographic archives. His estate is represented in New York by the Pace/MacGill Gallery.
 
 
 

Eleanor, Port Huron, 1954.


Eleanor, Aix-en-Provence, 1958


Eleanor
Chicago
1948


Eleanor
New York
1945


Eleanor
Chicago
1949


Eleanor
Chicago
1953


Eleanor, Chicago, 1947


Eleanor, Chicago, 1949
 


Providence
1968


Detroit
1943


Eleanor
Chicago
1947


Chicago
1950
 


Eleanor and Barbara
Chicago
1953


Providence
1977


Kansas City
1981


Untitled


Detroit, 1942


Multiple exposure, 1965


Eleanor and Barbara


Eleanor, 1953


Eleanor, 1953


Eleanor


Multiple exposure, 1967



Providence 1967


Providence


EM 72 P Chicago 1950


Chicago 1950


Chicago 1950


Chicago 1950


Untitled

 
 
 

Cutouts
 


Rome

 


Eleanor, Chicago 1952


Shadows

 


Detroit


Chicago Alley
 


Milkweed seeds on opaque glass lighted from behind.

 


Chicago - Multiple Exposure
 


Eleanor, 1951
 


Chicago 1950
 


Providence
 


Chicago 1961
 


Chicago, 1960
 


Rome 1968
 


Rome 1968

 
 
 

Morocco
1981


Providence
c. 1969


Chicago
c. 1948


New York, 1970


Chicago, 1961


Chicago 1950



Chicago


Providence



Providence



London 1968



Mexico 1969



Circus, Chicago 1955



Aix-en-Provence 1957



Providence 1969



Providence, 1967
 


Detroit, 1969
 


Detroit, 1941

 
 
 
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