TIMELINE OF WORLD HISTORY
 

Loading
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
     
     
  Gustave Caillebotte

1 - 2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
CONTENTS
  BACK NEXT   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gustave Caillebotte
 
 


Self Portrait
1888

 
 
Gustave Caillebotte, (born August 19, 1848, Paris, France—died February 21, 1894, Gennevilliers), French painter, art collector, and impresario who combined aspects of the academic and Impressionist styles in a unique synthesis.

Born into a wealthy family, Caillebotte trained to be an engineer but became interested in painting and studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. He met Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Claude Monet in 1874 and showed his works at the Impressionist exhibition of 1876 and its successors. Caillebotte became the chief organizer, promoter, and financial backer of the Impressionist exhibitions for the next six years, and he used his wealth to purchase works by other Impressionists, notably Monet, Renoir, Camille Pissarro, Paul Cézanne, Edgar Degas, Alfred Sisley, and Berthe Morisot.

Caillebotte was an artist of remarkable abilities, but his posthumous reputation languished because most of his paintings remained in the hands of his family and were neither exhibited nor reproduced until the second half of the 20th century. His early paintings feature the broad new boulevards and modern apartment blocks created by Baron Haussmann for Paris in the 1850s and ’60s. The iron bridge depicted in The Pont de l’Europe (1876) typifies this interest in the modern urban environment, while The Parquet Floor Polishers (1875) is a realistic scene of urban craftsmen busily at work. Caillebotte’s masterpiece, Paris Street; Rainy Day (1877), uses bold perspective to create a monumental portrait of a Paris intersection on a rainy day. Caillebotte also painted portraits and figure studies, boating scenes and rural landscapes, and decorative studies of flowers. He tended to use brighter colours and heavier brushwork in his later works.

Caillebotte’s originality lay in his attempt to combine the careful drawing and modeling and exact tonal values advocated by the Académie with the vivid colours, bold perspectives, keen sense of natural light, and modern subject matter of the Impressionists. Caillebotte’s posthumous bequest of his art collection to the French government was accepted only reluctantly by the state. When the Caillebotte Room opened at the Luxembourg Palace in 1897, it was the first exhibition of Impressionist paintings ever to be displayed in a French museum.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 
 
 
 


Paris Street
1877



The Man on the Balcony



The Man on the Balcony
1880



Floor Strippers
1875
Musée d’Orsay, Paris







The Floor Scrapers


 


The Basin at Argenteuil



On the Europe Bridge
1877



Sailing Boats at Argenteuil
1885






Flower Bed, the Garden at Petit-Gennevilliers


 


The Pont du Europe
1876



Rue Halevy, Seen from the Sixth Floor
1878







A Balcony







Fishing

 



Boating Party
1877







Boaters on the Yerres


 


Perissoires sur l'Yerres
1877







Bathers







Bather Preparing to Dive, Banks of the Yerres








Game of Bezique








The House Painters







Luncheon








The Painter under His Parasol







The Piano Lesson







Portraits in the Countryside







Rising Road






Yerres, Path Through the Woods in the Park

 
 
 

 
 
 
CONTENTS
  BACK NEXT   
 
 
     

nt>