Jan Brueghel the Elder

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Pieter Brueghel the Elder

Family of Jan Breughel the Elder, by Pieter Paul Rubens, presumably a posthumous portrait of his wife Catharina van Marienburg, who died in 1627 and who is highlighted in the painting. The children are Anna Brueghel (pupil of Rubens who married David Teniers), and Jan the Younger.
Jan Brueghel the Elder (1568 – 13 January 1625) was a Flemish painter, son of Pieter Bruegel the Elder and father of Jan Brueghel the Younger. Nicknamed "Velvet" Brueghel, "Flower" Brueghel, and "Paradise" Brueghel, of which the latter two were derived from his floral still lifes which were his favored subjects, while the former may refer to the velveteen sheen of his colors or to his habit of wearing velvet.

Jan was born in Brussels. His father died in 1569, and then, following the death of his mother in 1578, Jan, along with his brother Pieter Brueghel the Younger and sister Marie, went to live with their grandmother Mayken Verhulst (widow of Pieter Coecke van Aelst). She was an artist in her own right, and according to Carel van Mander, possibly the first teacher of the two sons. The family moved to Antwerp sometime after 1578.

In about 1589 Jan traveled to Italy, probably via Cologne. There he resided first in Naples, where his patron was Francesco Carracciolo. Next he moved to Rome, working for several discerning cardinals including, most famously, Federico Borromeo. It was in the company of Borromeo that Brueghel left Rome and took up residence in Milan, where he was part of the Cardinal's household. In the summer of 1596 he returned to Antwerp, where he remained for the rest of his life apart from short journeys to Prague and to the Dutch Republic.

While in Italy he applied himself principally to landscapes and history paintings, including Biblical narratives and scenes from mythology and ancient history. Back in Antwerp he continued these types of subject matter but also acquired considerable reputation by his flower paintings and allegories. He formed a style more independent of his father's than did his brother Pieter the Younger.

Many of his paintings are collaborations in which figures by other painters were placed in landscapes painted by Jan Brueghel; in other cases, Brueghel painted the figures into another artist's landscape or architectural interior. The most famous of his collaborators was Peter Paul Rubens in several of his small pictures—such as his "Vertumnus and Pomona," the "Satyr viewing the Sleeping Nymph," and the "Terrestrial Paradise.".
He had a studio in Antwerp, where he died from cholera on 13 January 1625.

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Great Fish-Market
Oil on panel, 58,5 x 91,5 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich

Going to the Market
Copperplate, 18,5 x 25,5 cm
Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Guards in a Forest Clearing
Oil on oak, 33 x 42 cm
Staatliche Museen, Kassel


Garden of Eden
Oil on copper, 50,3 x 80,1 cm
Galleria Doria-Pamphili, Rome

The Original Sin
Oil on wood, 52 x 83,5 cm
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest

The Original Sin (detail)
Oil on wood, 52 x 83,5 cm (full painting)
Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest

The Sense of Hearing
Oil on panel, 65 x 107 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

The Sense of Sight
Oil on panel, 65 x 109 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

The Sense of Sight (detail)
Oil on panel
Museo del Prado, Madrid

The Sense of Taste
Oil on panel, 64 x 108 cm
Museo del Prado, Madrid

Landscape of Paradise and the Loading of the Animals in Noah's Ark


Diana And Actaeon


The Battle of the Amazons


An Allegory Of The Five Senses