Adriaen Brouwer  
Adriaen Brouwer

Adriaen Brouwer by Anthony van Dyck
Adriaen Brouwer, Brouwer also spelled Brauwer (born 1605/06, Oudenaarde, Flanders [now in Belgium]—buried February 1, 1638, Antwerp), Flemish genre painter who influenced artists in both Flanders and Holland.

According to his biographer Arnold Houbraken, Brouwer went to study under Frans Hals in Haarlem about 1621 (he shares nothing of Hals’s style, however, and others have suggested that he studied with his own father), gained a high reputation in Holland, and returned to the South Netherlands in 1631. There he was arrested and imprisoned by the Spaniards as a spy until September 1633. He then settled in Antwerp. Except for a handful of landscapes, apparently from his last years, all of Brouwer’s pictures are of subjects drawn from common life—showing peasants smoking, drinking, or brawling in taverns; quack surgeons operating on grimacing patients; and so on. Most of the pictures are small and painted on panel. The coarseness of his subjects contrasts with the delicacy of his style, which in its mature stage shows an unusual mastery of tonal values.

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The Bitter Draught
c. 1635
Oil on wood
Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt


Peasants Smoking and Drinking
c. 1635
Oil on panel, 35 x 26 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich

Brawling Peasants
Oak, 26,5 x 34,5 cm
Gemaldegalerie, Dresden

A Boor Asleep
Oil on wood, 37 x 28 cm
Wallace Collection, London

The Card Players
Oil on panel, 25 x 39 cm
Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp


Peasants Fighting
Oil on wood, 33 x 49 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich

The Operation
Oil on panel, 31,4 x 39,6 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich


Seated Drinkers
Oil on oak, 25,5 x 21 cm
Musees Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels


Smoking Men
c. 1637
Oil on wood, 46 x 36,5 cm
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


In the Tavern
Oil on wood, 36 x 27 cm
Alte Pinakothek, Munich

The Pancake Baker
mid 1620s
oil on panel
Philadelphia Museum of Art

The Smokers
oil on panel
private collection


Das Schlachtfest

Die Rauferei

Kartenspielende Bauern in einer Schenke

Portrat von Jan de Dood

Youth Making a Face

Dune Landscape by Moonlight

Escena aldeana con hombres bebiendo

El peinado

Escena de Taberna

La conversacion