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  Antoine Bourdelle  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Antoine Bourdelle
 
 
 
 
Antoine Bourdelle, in full Émile-Antoine Bourdelle (born October 30, 1861, Montauban, France—died October 1, 1929, Paris), French sculptor whose works—exhibiting exaggerated, rippling surfaces mingled with the flat, decorative simplifications of Archaic Greek and Romanesque art—introduced a new vigour and strength into the sculpture of the early 20th century.

Bourdelle studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Toulouse, France, before moving to Paris in 1885. Reacting against the conservatism of the École, Bourdelle left to study with the artists Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux and Jules Dalou. In 1893 he entered the studio of sculptor Auguste Rodin, who was to remain one of the chief influences of his artistic life. At that stage of his career, Bourdelle emulated the rugged realism of his mentor, Rodin. Bourdelle’s first major commission, a war memorial at Montauban, France (1902), exhibited a similarly brutal quality, as did the series of works inspired by the music of Beethoven that he also created during that period.

Bourdelle gradually moved toward a more refined, Classical form of sculpture. In 1900 he created an important work, the Head of Apollo, the majestic dignity and broad planes of which recall early Classical Greek sculpture. In 1910 he achieved his first triumph in the Salon with Herakles (also called Hercules Archer), which again owes much to Archaic art, although the pose is far more sinuous and the musculature more exaggerated; he made several sculptures of this subject. Also in 1910 he created the full-length portrait Rodin at Work, the head of which is a pastiche of Michelangelo’s Moses in the Church of San Pietro in Vincoli, Rome.

In 1912 Bourdelle executed reliefs for the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées; these works are remarkable for their unusually compact, planar style. Two years later he created another masterpiece, the Dying Centaur, in which he represented the defeat of paganism. In his later career, Bourdelle became known for his majestic public monuments. Never able to escape completely the shadow of Rodin, Bourdelle became a famous teacher, turning his studio into the Académie de la Grande-Chaumière.

Encyclopædia Britannica

 
 
 
 


Self Portrait with a Hat
1929




Hercules the Archer
1909




Hercules the Archer
1909



Francois Poulenq
1894



Eloquence
1917



Large Tragic Mask of Beethoven
1901



Portrait of the Artist Ingres
1908



Maternity



Penelope
1912






1870-71 War Memorial, La Defense du Drapeau





1870-71 War Memorial, La Defense du Drapeau



Beethoven in the Wind
1904



Bust of Coquelin Cadet en Mascarille



Coquelin Aine



Bust of Ingres



Bust of J. B. Carpeaux



Dr Koebeule
1914



Dying Centaur
1911

 




Dying Centaur
1911



Dying Centaur
1911







Grande Baigneuse Accroupie
1906-07



The Great Warrior of Montauban
1900



Guerrior Hurlant



Heracles a la Biche Aux Pieds d'Airain
1910



Beethoven
1902



Howling Figures



Torso of the Figure Called Fruit
1911








Fruit
1911

 
 
 
 



Self-Portrait






War Memorial, with statue of La France
1914-1918 and 1939-1945


War Memorial, with statue of La France
1914-1918 and 1939-1945

 


Marie Vuilleaume



Mrs Vaisse Cibiel



Relief for the base of the Monument to the Defenders of 1870 at Montauban



Relief Theatre des Champs Elysees Paris
1913




Relief Theatre des Champs Elysees Paris
1913




Relief Theatre des Champs Elysees Paris
1913




Relief Theatre des Champs Elysees Paris
1913




Relief Theatre des Champs Elysees Paris
1913




Relief Theatre des Champs Elysees Paris
1913




Rodin Working on his Port de L'Enfer




Rodin Working on his Port de L'Enfer





Souffrance





Statue of Honore Daumier
1927





Statue of J. B. Carpeaux





Statue of Joan of Arc



Statue of Onesime Reclus
1919






Statue of Virgin of the Offering
1919-21





The Three Graces





Torse de Pallas



La fuerza






Tete de Pallas (Cabeza de Palas)


Jeune fille






Bacchante foulant des grappes



Avenging Angel
1929



Daphne Changing into a Laurel
1918



Adam



Grande Sapho
1887-1925

Grande Sapho
1887-1925

 
 
 

 
 
 
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