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  Arnold Bocklin

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Arnold Bocklin
 
 


Self-portrait

 
 
Arnold Bocklin (16 October 1827 – 16 January 1901) was a Swiss symbolist painter.


Life and art

He was born at Basel. His father, Christian Frederick Böcklin (b. 1802), was descended from an old family of Schaffhausen, and engaged in the silk trade. His mother, Ursula Lippe, was a native of the same city.[1] Arnold studied at the Düsseldorf academy under Schirmer, and became a friend of Ludwig Andreas Feuerbach. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting. Schirmer, who recognized in him a student of exceptional promise, sent him to Antwerp and Brussels, where he copied the works of Flemish and Dutch masters. Böcklin then went to Paris, worked at the Louvre, and painted several landscapes.

After serving his time in the army, Böcklin set out for Rome in March 1850. At Rome, he married Angela Rosa Lorenza Pascucci in 1853. The many sights of Rome were a fresh stimulus to his mind. These new influences brought allegorical and mythological figures into his compositions. In 1856 he returned to Munich, and remained there for four years. He then exhibited the Great Park, one of his earliest works, in which he treated ancient mythology. Of this period are his Nymph and Satyr, Heroic Landscape (Diana Hunting), both of 1858, and Sappho (1859). These works, which were much discussed, together with Lenbach's recommendation, gained him appointment as professor at the Weimar academy. He held the office for two years, painting the Venus and Love, a Portrait of Lenbach, and a Saint Catherine.

He returned to Rome from 1862 to 1866, and there gave his fancy and his taste for violent colour free play in his Portrait of Mme Böcklin, and in An Anchorite in the Wilderness (1863), a Roman Tavern, and Villa on the Seashore (1864). He returned to Basel in 1866 to finish his frescoes in the gallery, and to paint, besides several portraits, The Magdalene with Christ (1868), Anacreon's Muse (1869), and A Castle and Warriors (1871). His Portrait of Myself, with Death playing a violin (1873), was painted after his return again to Munich, where he exhibited Battle of the Centaurs, Landscape with Moorish Horsemen and A Farm (1875). From 1876 to 1885 Böcklin was working at Florence, and painted a Pietà, Ulysses and Calypso, Prometheus, and the Sacred Grove.

From 1886 to 1892 he settled at Zürich. Of this period are the Naiads at Play, A Sea Idyll, and War. After 1892 Böcklin resided at San Domenico, near Florence.

Symbolism
Influenced by Romanticism his painting is symbolist with mythological subjects often overlapping with the Pre-Raphaelites. His pictures portray mythological, fantastical figures along classical architecture constructions (often revealing an obsession with death) creating a strange, fantasy world.

Böcklin is best known for his five versions (painted in 1880-1886) of Isle of the Dead, which partly evokes the English Cemetery, Florence, close to his studio and where his baby daughter Maria had been buried. An early version of the painting was commissioned by a Madame Berna, a widow who wanted a painting with a dream-like atmosphere.

Clement Greenberg wrote in 1947 that Böcklin's work "is one of the most consummate expressions of all that was now disliked about the latter half of the nineteenth century."

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 
 
 
 

Autoportrait

 
 
 

The Deposition




The Island of the Dead



The Isle of the Dead




Pan in the Reeds



Attack by Pirates




Roger and Angelica




Self-Portrait with Death as a Fiddler




Summer






The Surf






Villa by the Sea







The Artist and his Wife







Nymph and Satyr

 
 
 
 
 


Château en bord de mer (Meurtre dans le parc)





Château en ruine





Dragon dans un défilé rocheux





Lac de montagne avec des mouettes





Paysage de montagne avec des chamois





Paysage romain





Pente rocheuse des monts Albains





Pont dans un paysage de montagne





Ruine dans un paysage au clair de lune





Sapins au soleil couchant





Villa en bord de mer (deuxième version)





Villa en bord de mer (première version)





Villa italienne au printemps




Le Repos pendant la fuite en Égypte (Panneau de Gauche)





Le Roi David (Panneau central)

 
 
 
 

Le Bois sacré

 
 
 
 


La peste
 
 
 
 

Le Silence des bois

 
 
 

 
 
 
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