Friedrich Robert Volkmann  
Friedrich Robert Volkmann
Friedrich Robert Volkmann, (Hungarian: Volkmann Róbert, 6 April 1815, Lommatzsch bei Meißen – 30 October 1883, Budapest) was a German composer.


Robert Volkmann was born in Lommatzsch, Saxony, Germany. His father, a music director for a church, trained him in music to prepare him as a successor. Thus Volkmann learned to play the organ and the piano with his father, studied violin and cello with Friebel, and by age 12 he was playing the cello part in string quartets by Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. In 1832 he entered the Freiberg Gymnasium for the purpose of becoming a teacher. There he studied music with August Ferdinand Anacker, who encouraged him to devote himself to music more fully. From there he went on to Leipzig in 1836 to study with Carl Ferdinand Becker. In Leipzig he met Robert Schumann, who encouraged him in his studies. They met again several times after that.

When he finished his studies, he began working as voice teacher at a music school in Prague. He did not stay there long, and in 1841 he moved to Budapest, where he was employed as a piano teacher and a reporter for the Allgemeine Wiener Musik-Zeitung. He composed in virtual obscurity until 1852, when his Piano Trio in B-flat minor caught the ears of Franz Liszt and Hans von Bülow, who proceeded to play it several times all over Europe. In 1854 Volkmann moved to Vienna, only to return to Budapest in 1858.

Thanks to the publisher Gustav Heckenast, who in 1857 bought the rights to publish all Volkmann's works in exchange for regular income regardless of sales, Volkmann was able to fully dedicate himself to composition, until Heckenast closed down his Budapest publishing house in the early 1870s.

While visiting Vienna in 1864, Volkmann became acquainted with Johannes Brahms, and they became close friends. In letters they addressed each other as "lieber Freund" ("dear friend").

From the 1870s Volkmann slowed down and composed very little. From 1875 until his death, he was professor of harmony and counterpoint at Budapest's National Academy of Music, where Liszt was the director. Volkmann died in Budapest on 30 October 1883.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Robert Volkmann: "Romance", Peter Bruns / cello, Annegret Kuttner / piano
Robert Volkmann - Cello Concerto in A minor, Jorg Baumann
Robert Volkmann "Cello Concerto, op.33"
Cello Concerto in A minor, op.33
by Robert Volkmann
1. Allegro moderato
2. Allegro vivace
3. Allegro vivace
4. Un poco più moderato
Daniel Müller-Schott, cello
NDR - Sinfonieorchester
Christoph Eschenbach, conductor
Robert Volkmann - Richard III ouverture (1871)
Richard III ouverture (1871)

Orchestra: Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie

Conductor: Werner Andreas Albert

Robert Volkmann - Konzertstück, Op 42 (1862) 1/2
Konzertstück, Op.42 (1862)
dedicated to Joseph Dachs

1. Andante
2. Andante con Variazioni
Var. I - Allegretto vivace
Var. II - Allegretto grazioso
Var. III - Tempo di Tema

Jerome Rose, piano and the Luxembourg Radio Orchestra conducted by Pierre Cao

Robert Volkmann - String Quartet No. 1, Op 9 (1848) 1/3
String Quartet No, 1, Op. 9 in A minor (1848)

1. Largo - Allegro non troppo

Mannheimer Streichquartett

Robert Volkmann - String Quartet No. 1, Op 9 (1848) 2/3 Adagio
String Quartet No, 1, Op. 9 in A minor (1848)

2. Adagio molto

Mannheimer Streichquartett

Robert Volkmann - String Quartet No. 1, Op. 9 (1848) 3/3 Scherzo and Finale
String Quartet No, 1, Op. 9 in A minor (1848)

3. Presto
4. Allegro impetuoso (4:52)

Mannheimer Streichquartett

Robert Volkmann - String Quartet No. 2, Op. 14 (1846/47) 1/2
String Quartet No, 2, Op. 12 in G minor (1846/47)

1. Allegro con spirito
2. Andante (5:19)

Mannheimer Streichquartett

"Volkmann's String Quartet No.2, Op.14 in g minor is actually thought to be his first, written a few months before No.1 but published after it. It was dedicated to the Hellmesberger Quartet of Vienna, perhaps at the time, the most famous in Europe. They quickly made the work well-known throughout Central Europe and a reputation for its composer. From the opening measures of the Allegro con spirito the listener is "taken by the throat." The drive and dramatic thrust of the thematic material never lets up from start to finish in this extraordinary movement. A charming Andante, based on the German folksong, Kommt a Vogerl geflogen, follows. It is, without so being marked, a set of six variations. A superb Scherzo, Allegro moto, comes next. There is a short slower section, marked meno, which appears twice, the last time just before the end where it is truncated without warning by a tempo con fuoco. Really quite outstanding in everyway. The Andantino-Allegro energico-Presto is a fairly large movement and actually gives the impression of being two, if not three movements. The Andantino is by way of introduction and begins with a leisurely viola solo. The Allegro energico lives up to is name and is forceful and full of passion. There is no real development but a very starkly contrasting interlude tonally and thematically. It is a kind intermezzo before the storm. The Presto, used as a coda, hurtles the Quartet to its thrilling finish." —--The Chamber Music Journal

Robert Volkmann - String Quartet No. 2, Op. 14 (1846/47) 2/2 {Scherzo and Finale}
String Quartet No, 2, Op. 12 in G minor (1846/47)

3. Scherzo: Allegro molto
4. Andantino - Allegro energico

Mannheimer Streichquartett

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