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  Vicente Martin y Soler  
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Vicente Martin y Soler
 
 
 
 
Vicente Martín y Soler, in full Atanasio Martín Ignacio Vicente Tadeo Francisco Pellegrin Martín y Soler, also known as Vincenzo Martini, lo Spagnuolo, il Valenziano, and Ignaz Martini (born May 2, 1754, Valencia, Spain—died Jan. 30/Feb. 10, 1806, St. Petersburg, Russia), Spanish opera composer known primarily for his melodious Italian comic operas and his work with acclaimed librettist Lorenzo Da Ponte in the late 18th century.

Martín y Soler was initiated early into the music profession in his Spanish homeland, beginning as a singer in his native Valencia and working as an organist in Alicante before moving to Madrid, where he wrote various pieces to be inserted into the Italian operas performed there. In 1777 he transferred his activity to Italy, composing operas for the Teatro San Carlo and other theatres in Naples, for the Teatro Regio in Turin, and for various noble houses in Lucca, Parma, and Venice, where he settled in 1782. Three years later, however, Martín y Soler moved to Vienna, where he fulfilled three commissions that together represent the apex of his accomplishment. Three of the operas he wrote for Vienna were on librettos by the celebrated poet Lorenzo Da Ponte: Il burbero di buon cuore (1786; “The Good-Hearted Curmudgeon”), Una cosa rara, o sia bellezza ed onestà (1786; “A Rare Thing, or Beauty and Honesty”), and L’arbore di Diana (1787; “The Tree of Diana”). Although Da Ponte is best known for his later work with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, in his memoirs he assigned a significant role to his work with Martín y Soler in the maturation of his style of libretto writing.

After three successful years in Vienna, Martín y Soler assumed duties in St. Petersburg as kapellmeister (music director) for the Russian court and also taught singing at the city’s Smolny Institute for the education of noblewomen. Though other Italian and Italianate composers—including Giovanni Paisiello, Domenico Cimarosa, and Giuseppe Sarti—worked for the Russian court in the last decades of the 18th century, Martín y Soler was unique in that he had no official connection with the Italian opera company in St. Petersburg. Moreover, he demonstrated an unusual degree of willingness to engage with Russian-language opera and contributed several comic works to the Russian company. Two of these were settings of librettos by Catherine II (the Great): Gorebogatir Kosometovich (1789; “The Sorrowful Hero Kosometovich”) and Fetul s det’mi (1791; “Fedul and his Children”). In addition to operatic works, Martín y Soler also composed music for several ballets during his years in St. Petersburg,

When Sarti was named to succeed Cimarosa as the court’s chief composer of Italian opera, Martín y Soler decided to leave Russia. He spent the next several years (1794–96) in London, where he again collaborated with Da Ponte. During their work on the second of two operas, however, a quarrel erupted between them, marking the end of their professional relationship. In 1796 Martín y Soler returned to St. Petersburg, resuming his teaching duties and composing his final Italian comic opera, La festa del villaggio (1798; “The Village Feast”).

Nearly all of the operas of Martín y Soler following his move to Vienna were comic, a genre in which his gift for gracious, lyrical melodic writing was conspicuous. His Viennese operas were by far his most successful. The best known of these is undoubtedly Una cosa rara, owing above all to Mozart’s humorous citation of one of its melodies in the second finale of Don Giovanni (1787). It was L’arbore di Diana, however, that enjoyed the most performances; indeed, this Italian opera was staged with greater frequency at the court-supported Burgtheater in Vienna than any other during the decade 1783–92.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vicente Martín y Soler - La Volubile
 
Vicente Martín y Soler (Valencia, 1754 - San Petersburgo, 1806)

Intérpretes: Tu Shi Chiao (contratenor)
Felipe Sánchez Mascuñano (guitarra romántica)

La Volubile (Canzonette italiane)

Vò star allegramente,
non vò pensar a niente,
mi sento giubilar.
Oimè! la testa mia,
la camera va via,
e parmi di mancar.

Nò, nò, non sarà niente,
vò star allegramente,
e non ci vò pensar.

Oimè! che gran dolore,
il povero mio core,
mi sento già mancar.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Soler L'arbore di Diana
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
V. Martín y Soler: The Overtures / The complete album / The World Orchestra of Jeunesses Musicales
 

OUVERTURES (1786 / 1798)

I. UNA COSA RARA, OSSIA BELLEZZA ED ONESTA' - 0:00
Dramma giocoso in two acts
Libretto: Lorenzo Da Ponte (from La Luna de la Sierra by Luis Vélez de Guevara)
The Burgtheater, 17 november 1786

II. L'ARBORE DI DIANA - 4:33
Dramma giocoso in two acts
Libretto: Lorenzo Da Ponte
The Burgtheater, october 1787

III. L'ISOLA DEL PIACERE (L'ISOLA PIACEVOLE) - 9:48
Opera buffa
Libretto: Lorenzo Da Ponte (from L'Isola della Fortuna by Giovanni Bertati)
1795

IV. LA CAPRICCIOSA CORRETTA (LA MOGLIE CORRETTA, LA SCUOLA DEI MARITATI or GLI SPOSI IN CONTRASTO) - 15:30
Opera buffa in two acts
Libretto: Lorenzo Da Ponte (from William Shakespeare)
King's Theatre, 27 january 1795

V. IL TUTORE BURLATO (LA MADRILEÑA) - 27:17
Opera buffa in three acts
Libretto: Filippo Livigno
Palacio de la Granja de San Ildefonso, 1775

VI. IL BURBERO DI BUON CUORE - 31:26
Dramma giocoso in two acts
Libretto: Lorenzo Da Ponte (after Le bourou bienfaissant by Carlo Goldoni)
The Burgtheater, 4 january 1786

VII. LA FESTA DEL VILLAGGIO - 35:49
Opera buffa in two acts
Libretto: Ferdinando Moretti
Ermitage, 27 january 1798

The World Orchestra of Jeunesse Musicales / Josep Vicent (conductor)
http://www.theworldorchestra.org/

2006 - DDD
Columna Musica

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Soler Una cosa rara 1
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Soler Una cosa rara 2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Soler Una cosa rara 3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Vicente Martín y Soler "Inocentita y niña" - Maria Bayo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Martín y Soler - La Capricciosa Correta - Aria Polacca. La Donna ha Bello il Core
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Martin i Soler - Il burbero di buon cuore - Overture
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
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