Antonio  Soler  
Antonio  Soler
Antonio Francisco Javier José Soler Ramos, usually known as Padre ('Father', in the religious sense) Antonio Soler, known in Catalan as Antoni Soler i Ramos (baptized 3 December 1729, died 20 December 1783) was a Spanish composer whose works span the late Baroque and early Classical music eras. He is best known for his keyboard sonatas, an important contribution to the harpsichord, fortepiano and organ repertoire.

Early life

Soler was born in Olot (Catalonia, Spain) in the historical County of Besalú. In 1736, when he was six, he entered the Escolania of the Monastery of Montserrat where he studied music with the resident maestro Benito Esteve and organist Benito Valls. In 1744, he was simultaneously appointed organist and subdeacon at the Cathedral of La Seu d'Urgell. Later in life, he was chapel master in Lleida and at the Royal Court in El Escorial.

Ministerial lifestyle
Soler took holy orders at the age of 23, and embarked on an extremely busy routine as a Hieronymite in El Escorial, Madrid with 20-hour workdays, in the course of which he produced more than 500 compositions. Among these were around 150 keyboard sonatas, many believed to have been written for his pupil, the Infante Don Gabriel, a son of King Carlos III. Other pieces include Christmas villancicos and Catholic liturgical music, including Masses. He died in the monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial; unfortunately no portraits of him are known to exist.

Padre Soler's most celebrated works are his keyboard sonatas, which are comparable to those composed by Domenico Scarlatti (with whom he may have studied). However, Soler's works are more varied in form than those of Scarlatti, with some pieces in three or four movements; Scarlatti's pieces are in one or two movements. Soler's sonatas were catalogued in the early twentieth century by Fr. Samuel Rubio and so all have 'R' numbers assigned.

Soler also composed concertos, quintets for organ and strings, motets, masses and pieces for solo organ. He also wrote a treatise, Llave de la modulación ("The Key to Modulation", 1762).

Soler's Six Concertos for Two Organs are still very much in the repertoire and have been often recorded. A fandango once attributed to Soler, and probably more often performed than any other work of his, is now thought by some to be of doubtful authorship.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Antonio Soler, in full Antonio Francisco Javier José Soler Ramos (baptized Dec. 3, 1729, Olot, Spain—died Dec. 20, 1783, El Escorial Monastery, near Madrid), most important composer of instrumental and church music in Spain in the late 18th century.

Soler was educated at the choir school of Montserrat and at an early age was made chapelmaster at Lérida Cathedral. In 1752 he joined the Order of St. Jerome (Hieronymites) and became organist at the Escorial Monastery. As one of the most notable keyboard performers of his time, he taught both organ and harpsichord to members of the royal family. He was himself a student of Domenico Scarlatti, whose influence may be perceived in the lively keyboard technique, the form, and the frequently unexpected harmonic progressions of Soler’s numerous harpsichord sonatas and also in some of his organ works. He wrote much church music, in which he often indulged a taste for intricate canons; incidental music for plays by Calderón and others; six quintets for organ and strings; and six concerti for two organs. He also wrote a work on musical theory, Llave de la Modulación (1762), which was the subject of significant controversy among his contemporaries. His experiments with microtones led him to invent, for the purpose, a keyboard instrument called the afinador.

Encyclopædia Britannica

Padre Antonio Soler - Sonatas - Mario Raskin
Sonata 48 ( 00:01 )
Sonata 52 ( 03:09 )
Sonata 27 ( 06:04 )
Sonata 45 ( 10:25 )
Sonata 37 ( 13:42 )
Sonata 31 ( 18:05 )
Sonata 84 ( 20:29 )
Sonata 49 ( 23:34 )
Sonata 15 ( 28:46 )
Sonata 25 ( 33:01 )
Sonata 83 ( 37:38 )
Sonata 23 ( 41:30 )
Sonata 36 ( 46:46 )
Sonata 54 ( 51:50 )
Padre Antonio Soler - Harpsichord Sonatas - Gilbert Rowland
Antonio Soler - Sonatas 30,31,49,120,41,89,36,53,26,27,94- Gilbert Rowland, clave
Published on Dec 3, 2013

Gilbert Rowland, clave
01. Sonata Nº 30 en Sol mayor/G major
02. Sonata Nº 31 en Sol mayor/G major
03. Sonata Nº 49 en re menor/D minor
04. Sonata Nº 120 en re menor/D minor
05. Sonata Nº 41 en Fa mayor/F major
06. Sonata Nº 89 en Fa mayor/F major
07. Sonata Nº 36 en do menor/C minor
08. Sonata Nº 53 en La mayor (Sonata de Clarines)/A major
09. Sonata Nº 26 en mi menor/E minor
10. Sonata Nº 27 en mi menor/E minor
Sonata Nº 94 en Sol Mayor/G major
11. Andante gracioso e con moto
12. Allegro non troppo
13. Menuetto I y II
14. Allegro
Soler - 6 Concertos for 2 Keyboards - Kenneth Gilbert, Trevor Pinnock
Published on May 5, 2013
Antonio Soler 6 Concertos for 2 Keyboards

Concerto No. 1 in C Major for 2 Harpsichords 0:00
Concerto No. 5 in A Major for 2 Fortepianos 10:37
Concerto No. 3 in G Major for 2 Harpsichords 20:12
Concerto No. 4 in F Major for 2 Harpsichords 31:48
Concerto No. 2 in A Minor for 2 Fortepianos 40:57
Concerto No. 6 in D Major for 2 Harpsichords 54:08
Harpsichord by Clayson and Garrett 1978 and 1979 after Vincenzio
Sodi Florenc 1782
Fortepiano by Adlam Burne
Antonio Soler - Quintets I-VI for Harpsichord, JP Brosse
Soler - Fandango - Mayako Sone
Antonio Soler - Fandango - Andreas Staier - harpsichord
Antonio Soler - Magnificat
  Classical Music Timeline

Instruments Through the Ages

Classical Music History - Composers and Masterworks