Aleksandr Scriabin  
Aleksandr Scriabin
Aleksandr Scriabin, in full Aleksandr Nikolayevich Scriabin, Scriabin also spelled Skriabin, or Skryabin (born Dec. 25, 1871 [Jan. 6, 1872, New Style], Moscow, Russia—died April 14 [April 27], 1915, Moscow), Russian composer of piano and orchestral music noted for its unusual harmonies through which the composer sought to explore musical symbolism.

Scriabin was trained as a soldier at the Moscow Cadet School from 1882 to 1889 but studied music at the same time and took piano lessons. In 1888 he entered the Moscow Conservatory, where he studied the piano with V.I. Safonov and composition with Sergey Taneyev and Anton Arensky. By 1892, when he graduated from the conservatory, he had composed the piano pieces that constitute his opuses 1, 2, 3, 5, and 7. In 1897 he married the pianist Vera Isakovich and from 1898 until 1903 taught at the Moscow Conservatory. He then devoted himself entirely to composition and in 1904 settled in Switzerland. After 1900 he was much preoccupied with mystical philosophy, and his Symphony No. 1, composed in that year, has a choral finale, to his own words, glorifying art as a form of religion. In Switzerland he completed his Symphony No. 3, first performed under Arthur Nikisch in Paris in 1905. The literary “program” of this work, devised by Tatiana Schloezer, with whom he had formed a relationship after abandoning his wife, was said to represent “the evolution of the human spirit from pantheism to unity with the universe.” Theosophical ideas similarly provided the basis of the orchestral Poem of Ecstasy (1908) and Prometheus (1911), which called for the projection of colours onto a screen during the performance.

From 1906 to 1907 Scriabin toured the United States, where he gave concerts with Safonov and the conductor Modest Altschuler, and in 1908 he frequented theosophical circles in Brussels. In 1909 he was encouraged by the conductor Serge Koussevitzky, who both performed and published his works, to return to Russia. By then he was no longer thinking in terms of music alone; he was looking forward to an all-embracing “Mystery.” This work was planned to open with a “liturgical act” in which music, poetry, dancing, colours, and scents were to unite to induce in the worshipers a “supreme, final ecstasy.” He wrote the poem of the “Preliminary Action” of the “Mystery” but left only sketches for the music.

Scriabin’s reputation stems from his grandiose symphonies and his sensitive, exquisitely polished piano music. His piano works include 10 sonatas (1892–1913), an early concerto, and many preludes and other short pieces. Although Scriabin was an idolater of Frédéric Chopin in his youth, he early developed a personal style. As his thought became more and more mystical, egocentric, and ingrown, his harmonic style became ever less generally intelligible. Meaningful analysis of his work only began appearing in the 1960s, and yet his music had always attracted a devoted following among modernists.

Encyclopædia Britannica

Alexander Scriabin was born into an aristocratic family in Moscow and grew up a precocious and egocentric child. After spending nine years in the Moscow Cadet Corps, where music played a significant part in the curriculum, he entered the Moscow Conservatoire at the age of 16. There he met Rachmaninov; they were to remain firm friends despite attempts by the press to create a rivalry between them.

Scriabin left the Conservatoire to pursue a career as a concert pianist in 1892 and became renowned for his interpretations of works by composers such as Chopin, Liszt, and Schumann. In 1894 he met the Russian publisher Belyayev who took complete control of Scriabin's musical affairs and immediately published his first Piano sonata, a work clearly influenced by the example of Chopin.

The years 1895 and 1896 were taken up with extensive concert tours in Europe. He composed prolifically, mainly concentrating on short but dramatic pieces such as the set of 24 Preludes (Opus 11) for the piano. On returning to Moscow hejoined the staff at the Conservatoire and married a gifted piano student.

Scriabin's first major success as an orchestral composer came in 1900 when his First symphony was performed. Consisting of six movements, it includes a choral finale that sets to music a text praising art written by Scriabin himself. By 1902 he was becoming increasingly preoccupied with philosophical and mystical ideas. A deeply serious man, he now gained a reputation for indulging in prolonged intellectual debate. His thirst for inner knowledge made him ever more isolated from everyday reality and increased his egocentricity. But if his personality was adversely affected, his compositions now became less derivative, more adventurous, and increasingly complex and dissonant.

During this period he wrote the Third Symphony, completed in 1903, which takes the form of one gigantic movement and juxtaposes lyrical passages with moments of great violence.

In 1904 he again left Russia and travelled around Italy, Switzerland, and Belgium. He did not take his wife, having become involved with a much younger woman. His new companion apparently provided the admiration bordering on hero-worship that Scriabin demanded, and the relationship stimulated another period of intense activity. He wrote a lengthy text entitled La роеmе de l'extase (Poem of ecstasy) that formed the basis for several future compositions, including the Fifth piano sonata and a complex orchestral work bearing the name of the text.

The following year Scriabin returned to Russia and composed his last five sonatas for piano, all of which are extraordinarily dense and dramatic in impact. Although he was to die at the early age of 43, his music achieved immense popularity during his final years and he enjoyed international fame and recognition.




Mikhail Mordvinov
Poeme "Vers la flammes" Op. 72


Piano Sonata no.3 op.23
Presto con fuoco


Piano Sonata no.4 op.30
B. Vlahek
Andante - Prestissimo volando


Piano Sonata no.5 op.53
D. Sinadinovic
Allegro - Impetuoso - Con stravaganza - Languid - Presto con allegrezza


Sonata No. 7  Op. 64 "White Mass"
Lohn Bell Young


Piano Sonata no.9 op.68 "Black mass"
H. Struiwig
Moderato quasi andante


Concerto for piano and orchestra F sharp minor
Ratimir Martinovic


Waltz in A flat 
Lohn Bell Young

J. Kingma
C-sharp Minor
R. Stahlbrand
F-sharp Minor 
A. Anzaldua
B Minor
B Major

J. Hillmann
E major
D-sharp Minor
K.E. Jensen
F-sharp Minor
M. Hawley
C-sharp Minor
S. Bisotti
Mazurka in F-sharp minor
Mazurka in G Minor
J. Lebenstedt
Mazurka in D-flat major
Mazurka in F-sharp Major
F. Verhagen
C major, Vivace
E minor, Lento

C. Coleman
D Major, Andante cantabile

E Major, Andantino
F. Verhagen 
C-sharp minor, Andante

G-flat major, Lento
F. Verhagen 
E-flat minor, Presto
D-flat major, Lento
B-flat minor, Misterioso
A-flat major, Allegretto
B-flat major, Andante
K. Huber
G minor, Lento
F. Verhagen 
D minor, Presto
E. Vorontsova
G-sharp Minor, Andante
J. Castellano
No Key, Andante
D. Sinadinovic
Douloureux dechirant

Tres lent, contemplativ
Allegro drammatico
Lento, vague, indecis
Fier, Belliqueux
Alexander Scriabin - Symphony No.1 in E-major, Op.26 (1900)
Symphony No.1 in E-major, Op.26 (1900)

Mov.I: Lento 00:00
Mov.II: Allegro drammatico 07:39
Mov.III: Lento 16:33
Mov.IV: Vivace 26:46
Mov.V: Allegro 30:01
Mov.VI: Andante 37:35

Stefania Toczyska, mezzo-soprano
Michael Myers, tenor

Chorus: The Westminister Choir

Orchestra: The Philadelphia Orchestra

Conductor: Riccardo Muti

A. Scriabin Symphony n. 2, op. 29
Frankfurt Radio Symphony Orchestra
Eliahu Inbal


A. Scriabin: Symphony nº 3 "The Divine Poem" - Slobodeniouk - Sinfónica de Galicia
Sinfonía n.3 en do menor op.43
Jeu Divin

Orquesta Sinfónica de Galicia
Dima Slobodeniouk, director

Concierto retransmitido en directo el pasado 1 de noviembre de 2014 desde el Palacio de la Ópera de A Coruña.

A. Scriabin: Prometheus or the Poem of Fire - Prométhée ou le Poème du feu op. 60 (Boulez)
A. Scriabin : The Poem of Ecstasy - Le Poème de l'Extase op. 54 (Boulez)
Sviatoslav Richter plays Scriabin Etudes
00:00 - Op.2/1
02:56 - Op.8/5
05:19 - Op.8/11
09:37 - Op.42/2
10:35 - Op.42/3
11:13 - Op.42/4
13:51 - Op.42/5
16:24 - Op.42/6
18:21 - Op.42/8
20:14 - Op.65/1
23:03 - Op.65/2
25:13 - Op.65/3
Sviatoslav Richter plays Scriabin Sonatas No.2, 5, 6, 9
00:00 - No.2 (Moscow, '50s)
11:10 - No.5 (Prague, '70s)
22:03 - No.6 (Moscow, '50s)
33:32 - No.9 (Aldeburgh Parish Church, 1966)
Scriabin Piano Sonatas Nos. 1,2,3,4 (Ashkenazy)
6:36 No.1 in F minor Op.6 I.
11:26 No.1 in F minor Op.6 II.
14:46 No.1 in F minor Op.6 III.
21:00 No.1 in F minor Op.6 IV.
29:25 No.2 in G sharp minor Op.19 I.
33:27 No.2 in G sharp minor Op.19 II.
35:49 No.3 in F sharp minor Op.23 I.
41:01 No.3 in F sharp minor Op.23 II.
47:27 No.3 in F sharp minor Op.23 III.
53:21 No.4 in F sharp major Op.30 I.
56:31 No.4 in F sharp major Op.30 II.
Alexander Scriabin - Essential Piano Works
Alexander Scriabin - Complete Mazurkas -- Piano Works
Vladimir Sofronitsky plays Scriabin 20 Preludes from 24 Preludes Op. 11
No. 1 00:00
No. 2 00:47
No. 3 02:35
No. 4 03:30
No. 5 05:26
No. 6 07:06
No. 7 07:58
No. 8 08:49
No. 9 10:19
No. 10 11:49
No. 11 13:05
No. 12 15:00
No. 13 16:36
No. 15 18:22
No. 16 20:33
No. 17 22:36
No. 19 23:19
No. 20 24:24
No. 21 25:25
No. 22 26:54
Scriabin - Piano Concerto op.20 Korobeinikov / Vedernikov
Concerto for piano & orchestra op.20 live
Andrei Korobeinikov, piano
Alexander Vedernikov, conductor
Helsinborg SO
Scriabin – Piano Concerto in F sharp minor, op. 20 (Vladimir Ashkenazy/Maazel)
Piano Concerto in F sharp minor, op. 20

Piano: Vladimir Ashkenazy
Conductor: Lorin Maazel
London Philharmonic Orchestra

Recording location and date: Kingsway Hall, London, April 1971

Scriabin/Nemtin, Mysterium. Prefatory Action (Ashkenazy)
Alexander Scriabin (1872--1915) / Alexander Nemtin (1936--1999), L'Acte préalable (Preparation to the Final Mystery)

00:00:00 I. Universe
00:41:46 II. Mankind
01:33:45 III. Transfiguration

Alexei Lubimov, piano
Thomas Trotter, organ
Anna-Kristiina Kaappola, soprano
Ernst Senff Chor
St Peterburg Chamber Choir
Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester Berlin

Vladimir Ashkenazy

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