Anton Rubinstein  
Anton Rubinstein
Anton Rubinstein, in full Anton Grigoryevich Rubinstein (born November 16 [November 28, New Style], 1829, Vykhvatinets, Podolia province, Russia—died November 8 [November 20], 1894, Peterhof), Russian composer and one of the greatest pianists of the 19th century.

In 1835 Rubinstein’s father opened a small factory in Moscow, and there in the same year his brother Nikolay was born. Both boys were taught piano, first by their mother and then by Aleksandr Villoing. Anton gave his first public recital in Moscow in 1839, and the following year Villoing took him abroad for a three-year concert tour. He appeared in Paris, London, the Netherlands, Germany, and Sweden, attracting the attention of Chopin and Liszt. From 1844 to 1846 he and his brother studied music theory in Berlin. Anton spent two more years abroad alone, mainly in Vienna, studying the piano and composition. On his return to Russia in 1848 he settled in St. Petersburg, where in 1852 his first opera, Dmitry Donskoy, was produced; Fomka durachok (Fomka the Fool) and Sibirskiye okhotniki (The Siberian Hunters) were introduced in St. Petersburg in 1853. The years 1854 to 1958 he spent abroad.

Under the patronage of the Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna, Rubinstein in 1859 founded the Russian Music Society and later became conductor of its orchestral concerts. In 1862 he founded and became the director of the Imperial (or St. Petersburg) Conservatory, and in 1866 his brother founded the Moscow Conservatory, where Nikolay remained as director until his death in 1881. Anton Rubinstein resigned his directorship of the Imperial Conservatory in 1867 but resumed it in 1887 and continued to hold the post until 1891. From 1871 to 1872 he directed the Vienna Philharmonic concerts, and in 1872 he toured the United States.

Rubenstein’s operas include Demon (first performed 1875; The Demon), Der Makkabäer (first performed 1875; The Maccabees), and Kupets Kalashnikov (first performed 1880; The Merchant Kalashnikov). He wrote six symphonies, the biblical opera Der Turm zu Babel (first performed 1870; The Tower of Babel), five piano concerti, songs, piano pieces, and numerous chamber works.

In 1889 Rubinstein published an autobiography, translated by Aline Delano as Autobiography of Anton Rubinstein (1890; reprinted 1988).

Encyclopædia Britannica
Anton Rubinstein - Symphony No. 2 "Ocean" (1851)
I. Allegro Maestoso - 00:00
II. Adagio Non Tanto - 15:58
III. Allegro - 26:51
IV. Adagio - Allegro Con Fuoco - 33:02
Anton Rubinstein(1829-1894):Symphony Nº5 in G minor ,Op.107
I.Moderato assai:11:25
II.Allegro non troppo.Moderato assai:7:29
IV.Allegro vivace:11:06
George Enescu Philharmonic Orchestra/H.Andreescu
Anton Rubinstein (1829-1894) :Symphony nº6 , in A minor,Op.111
I.Moderato con moto:11:50
II.Moderato assai:7:44
III.Allegro vivace:9:18
IV.Moderato assai:13:38
Philharmonia Hungarica/G.Varga
Anton Rubinstein - La Russie, morceaux symphonique (1882)
La Russie, morceaux symphonique (1882)

Orchestra: Nordwestdeutsche Philharmonie

Conductor: Welisar Gentscheff

German radio broadcast

Rubinstein - Piano Concerto No. 1 In E Minor
Joseph Banowetz, piano - Czechoslovak Philharmonic. Alfred Walter conductor
Anton Rubinstein Piano concerto No.2,mvt.1_1/2-Alexander Paley
Anton Rubinstein - Piano Concerto No. 3 (1853)
I. Moderato Assai - 00:00
II. Moderato - 11:14
III. Allegro Non Troppo - 17:53
Anton Rubinstein - Piano Concerto No. 4 (1864)
I. Moderato Assai - 00:00
II. Andante - 11:31
III. Allegro - 22:18
Anton Rubinstein - Piano Concerto No.5 in E-flat major, Op.94 (1874)
Piano Concerto No.5 in E-flat major, Op.94 (1874)

Mov.I: Allegro moderato 00:00
Mov.II: Andante 20:47
Mov.III: Allegro 30:59

Pianist: Joseph Banowetz

Orchestra: Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra, Bratislava

Conductor: Robert Stankovsky

Anton Rubinstein - Ivan The Terrible (1869)
The musical portrait, Ivan the Terrible, is based on the work of Lev Alexandrovich Mey, the literary source of four of Rimsky-Korsakov's operas and of numerous songs by the Five and by Tchaikovsky. In particular Rimsky-Korsakov's first opera, generally known as The Maid of Pskov, which bears the alternative title Ivan the Terrible, is derived from a play by Mey recounting the story of the Tsar's attack on Novgorod, leading to the death of Tucha and his beloved Olga, the latter turning out to be the Tsar's daughter. Mey's drama serves as the source of Rubinstein's musical portrait, written in 1869, and arranged for piano duet by Tchaikovsky in the same year. Five years earlier Rubinstein had written a musical portrait of Goethe's hero, Faust and in 1870 there followed his musical picture after Cervantes, Don Quixote. Here was some concession, at least, to the extra-musical preoccupations espoused by Liszt in his symphonic poems, copies of some of which he had sent to Rubinstein in 1856. At the same time Ivan the Terrible does contain overtly Russian elements, although it may lack the crude inspiration of the untutored nationalists.
Anton Rubinstein - Don Quixote (1870)
Don Quixote, a musical picture after Cervantes, was written in 1870, the year before Rubinstein's period as conductor of the Philharmonic concerts in Vienna and a subsequent American tour with Wieniawski. The work has a clear enough narrative intention, from the chivalrous ambitions of Don Quixote, his love for the imagined Dulcinea del Toboso, through various mistaken adventures to his death, a moment of final pathos.

Rubinstein shows us Don Ouixote's awakening ambitions, as he reads romances of chivalry, dons his rusty armour and mounts his steed Rocinante. A flock of sheep, mistaken for an army, is routed, and there is an encounter with three village women, one of whom seems to Don Quixote to be his lady, Dulcinea. The women laugh at him and run away, leading him to suppose that he needs to prove his valour further. Don Quixote extends unexpected clemency to a gang of prisoners condemned to the galleys, and they repay him by beating and robbing him. His complaints at the ingratitude of the criminals lead him to forswear chivalry, and he returns home, to die in the presence of his friends, his niece and his house-keeper.

Anton Rubinstein: Cello Concerto No 2 in D minor, Op. 96
Cello Concerto No. 2 in D minor, Op. 96

I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante 11:19
III. Allegro 16:45

Anton Rubinstein - Melody in F - 1858
Anton Rubinstein (1829-1894): Faust,Op.68 (1854)
Anton Rubinstein "Violin Concerto op 46 (1.Mov)"
1. Movement "Moderato assai"
Takako Nishizaki, violin
Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
Michael Halász, conductor
Bratislava, VII.1985
Anton Rubinstein "Violin Concerto op 46 (2.Mov)"
2. Movement "Andante"
Takako Nishizaki, violin
Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
Michael Halász, conductor
Bratislava, VII.1985
Anton Rubinstein "Violin Concerto op 46 (3.Mov)"
3. Movement "Moderato assai"
Takako Nishizaki, violin
Slovak Philharmonic Orchestra
Michael Halász, conductor
Bratislava, VII.1985
Anton Rubinstein - The Demon
Latvian National Opera
Music Director and Conductor: Normunds Vaicis
Samsons Izjumovs
Kristine Opolais
Romans Polisadovs
Guntars Runģis
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