John Knowles Paine  
John Knowles Paine
John Knowles Paine (January 9, 1839 – April 25, 1906), was the first American-born composer to achieve fame for large-scale orchestral music. The senior member of a group of other composers collectively known as the Boston Six, Paine was one of those responsible for the first significant body of concert music by composers from the United States. The other five were Amy Beach, Arthur Foote, Edward MacDowell, George Chadwick, and Horatio Parker.


Paine grew up in a musical family in Maine. His grandfather, an instrument maker, built the first pipe organ in the state of Maine and his father and uncles were all music teachers. His father carried on the family musical instrument business. One uncle was an organist. Another was a composer. In the 1850s Paine took lessons in organ and composition from Hermann Kotzschmar, completing his first composition, a string quartet, in 1855 at the age of 16. After his first organ recital in 1857, he was appointed organist of Portland's Haydn Society, and gave a series of recitals with the object of funding a trip to Europe where he hoped to further his music education.

On arrival in Europe Paine studied organ with Carl August Haupt and orchestration with Friedrich Wilhelm Wieprecht in Berlin. He also toured Europe giving organ recitals for three years, establishing a reputation as an organist that would precede his return to the United States. After returning to the US and settling in Boston in 1861, he was appointed Harvard’s first University organist and choirmaster. While acting in this role Paine offered free courses in music appreciation and music theory that would become the core curriculum for Harvard's newly formed academic music department (the first such department in the United States) and his appointment as America's first music professor. He would remain a member of the faculty of Harvard until 1905, just a year before his death.

Paine's well received 1867 Berlin premiere of Mass in D would give Paine a reputation that helped him to shape the musical infrastructure of the United States. His pioneering courses in music appreciation and music theory made the curriculum of Department of Music at Harvard a model for American Departments of Music. His service as a director of The New England Conservatory of Music (and the lectures he gave there) establish his place at the root of an instruction chain that leads (through Eugene Thayer) from George Chadwick to Horatio Parker to Charles Ives. He was the first guest conductor of the Boston Symphony Orchestra in the final concerts of its first season, and his works were audience favorites. Paine is noted for beginning American's symphonic tradition. He is also known for writing America's first oratorio (St. Peter), the Centennial Hymn that (with orchestra) opened the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia, was a founder of American Guild of Organists, and co-edited of "Famous Composers and their Works".

In 1889, Paine made one of the first musical recordings on wax cylinder with Theo Wangemann, who was experimenting with sound recording on the newly invented phonograph.

John Knowles Paine was among the initial class of inductees into the American Classical Music Hall of Fame in 1998.

The Grove Music Encyclopedia says of him:

"... Paine served the Harvard community for 43 years. By his presence and by his serious concern with music in a liberal arts college he awakened a regard for music among many generations of Harvard men. His writings testify to his insistence upon the place of music within the liberal arts..."
Paine Hall, the concert hall for Harvard's Department of Music is named after him. A history of that building includes many references to his pioneering role in music at Harvard.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
John Knowles Paine (1839 -- 1906): Hymn to the West (1903)
Paine was the first American composer to earn widespread acclaim for his orchestral music. He was the senior member of the group known as the "Boston Six," those composers who comprised the primary musical figures in America at the time. This group also included George Chadwick, Horatio Parker, Arthur Foote, Edward MacDowell, and Mrs. H. H. A. (Amy) Beach.

One of Paine's lesser-known and rarely performed works was the commissioned work "Hymn to the West" in D for Chorus and Orchestra (1903). This was composed with librettist Edmund Clarence Stedman (1833-1908) as the official hymn of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, St. Louis, 1904. The performance here is the version for orchestra only. Performance is by Richard Bales and the National Gallery Orchestra.

John Knowles Paine - Mass in D-minor, Op.10 (1866)
Mass in D-minor, Op.10 (1866)

Soprano: Carmen Balthrop
Contralto: Joy Blackett
Tenor: Vinson Cole
Bass: John Cheek

Chorus: The Saint Louis Symphony Chorus

Orchestra: The Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra

Conductor: Gunther Schuller

John Knowles Paine - Symphony No.1 in C-minor, Op.23 (1875)
Symphony No.1 in C-minor, Op.23 (1875)

Mov.I: Allegro con brio 00:00
Mov.II: Allegro vivace 11:05
Mov.III: Adagio 18:43
Mov.IV: Allegro vivace 28:47

Orchestra: New York Philharmonic

Conductor: Zubin Mehta

John Knowles Paine - Symphony No. 2 (1879)
I. Introduction - Adagio sostenuto; Allegro ma non troppo - 00:00
II. Scherzo - Allegro - 15:39
III. Adagio - 25:44
IV. Allegro Giojoso - 40:03

Symphony No. 2 in A major, subtitled Im Frühling or In Spring, is the second symphony by American composer John Knowles Paine. The symphony was composed in 1879 and published in Boston in 1880, at a time when few American composers were able to find publishers for symphonic works. It was also premiered in Boston in 1880, and was extremely well received, prompting handkerchief-waving and shouting at the first performance.

John Knowles Paine: The Tempest (1876)
The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Karl Krueger.
John Knowles Paine: Moorish Dance from "Azara"
The Moorish Dance from "Azara" (1886)
Libretto by the composer. 1907, St. Cecilia Society, Boston (concert performance with full orchestra); 1903 (concert performance with piano accompaniment)

Orchestra: The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra (London) Karl Krueger conductor

John Knowles Paine: Incidental music for Oedipus Tyrannus (Complete)
John Knowles Paine (1839-1906): Incidental music for Oedipus Tyrannus of Sophocles (Opus 35) (1880-1881)
Hartt Symphony Orchestra, Chorus and Soloists, Dr. Peter Harvey (1945-2005), conducting
John Knowles Paine (Sonata for Violin and Piano)
The Sonata for Violin and Piano (Opus 24) was completed in 1875. Thirty years later (1905) Paine made extensive revisions to the work, changes which showed a matured composer exploring broader harmonic ideas.

Superbly performed by Joseph Silverstein (violin) and Virginia Eskin (piano)

John Knowles Paine - Concert Variations on "The Star Spangled Banner"
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