Carl Nielsen  
Carl Nielsen
Carl Nielsen, in full Carl August Nielsen (born June 9, 1865, Sortelung, near Norre Lyndelse, Den.—died Oct. 3, 1931, Copenhagen), violinist, conductor, and Denmark’s foremost composer, particularly admired as a symphonist.

Nielsen studied at the Royal Conservatory in Copenhagen from 1884 to 1886. He was a violinist in the court orchestra at Copenhagen intermittently from 1886 to 1905. He subsequently served as Kapellmeister at the Royal Theatre (1908–14) and conductor of the Copenhagen Musical Society (1915–27), and from 1915 he taught at the Royal Conservatory, where he became director in 1931, shortly before his death.

Romanticism influenced Nielsen’s early music, but his later style is a powerful fusion of chromatic and often dissonant harmony, solid contrapuntal structure, concentrated motivic treatment, and bold extensions of tonality with frequent polytonal passages. His six symphonies, written between 1890 and 1925, are forceful works that feature decisively articulated tonal progressions. The best known of these symphonies are Symphony No. 2 (1902; The Four Temperaments), Symphony No. 3 (1911; Sinfonia Espansiva), and Symphony No. 4 (1916; The Inextinguishable). He also wrote three concerti—for violin (1911), flute (1926), and clarinet (1928); the operas Saul og David (1902) and Maskarade (1906); four string quartets, two quintets, and choral and keyboard works. His songs based on Danish folk traditions are particularly highly regarded. Nielsen’s writings include Levende musik (1925; Living Music, 1953) and Min fynske barndom (1927; My Childhood, 1953).

Encyclopædia Britannica
Symphony No. 1 - Nielsen
Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
Conductor: Neeme Järvi
Year: 1993

Symphony No. 1 in G minor, Op. 7, FS 16 is the first symphony of Danish composer Carl Nielsen. Written between 1891 and 1892, it was dedicated to his wife, Anne Marie Carl-Nielsen. The work's première, on 14 March 1894, was performed by Johan Svendsen conducting the Chapel Royal Orchestra (Royal Danish Orchestra), with Nielsen himself among the second violins. It is one of two symphonies by Nielsen without a subtitle (the other being his Symphony No. 5).

The symphony is in the standard four movements, with the following tempo markings:

0:00 Allegro orgoglioso
8:18 Andante
14:48 Allegro comodo — Andante sostenuto — Tempo I
22:43 Finale. Allegro con fuoco

Symphony No. 2 De fire Temperamenter, "The Four Temperaments"
Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
Conductor: Neeme Järvi
Year: 1993

Symphony No. 2 De fire Temperamenter, "The Four Temperaments", Op. 16, FS 29 is the second symphony by Danish composer Carl Nielsen, written in 1901--1902 and dedicated to Ferruccio Busoni. It was first performed in 1 December 1902 for the Danish Concert Association, with Nielsen himself conducting. As indicated in the subtitle, each of its four movements is a musical sketch of a humor of the four temperaments: choleric, phlegmatic, melancholic, and sanguine. Despite its apparent concept of program music, the work is a fully integrated symphony in traditional symphonic structure.

0:00 Allegro collerico (Choleric)
9:54 Allegro comodo e flemmatico (Phlegmatic)
14:41 Andante malincolico (Melancholic)
26:03 Allegro sanguineo — Marziale (Sanguine)

Carl Nielsen: Symphony No.3, "Sinfonia Espansiva" - Leonard Bernstein
Symphony no 3, Op. 27 "Sinfonia espansiva" by Carl Nielsen
Performer: Ruth Guldbaek (Soprano), Niels Moller (Tenor)
Conductor: Leonard Bernstein
Orchestra/Ensemble: Royal Danish Orchestra
Period: 20th Century
Written: 1910-1911; Denmark

Date of Recording: 05/1965
Venue: Odd Fellow Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark

Carl Nielsen - Symphony No. 4 "The Inextinguishable", Op. 29
Symphony No. 4 "The Inextinguishable", Op. 29 was written by Danish composer Carl Nielsen, was completed in 1916. Composed against the backdrop of the First World War, this symphony is among the most dramatic that Nielsen wrote, featuring a "battle" between two sets of timpani. Inextinguishable does not apply to the symphony itself, but rather to "that which is inextinguishable". In his notes for the symphony, Nielsen refers to "the elemental will to live" ("inextinguishable" is not an exact translation of uudslukkelige, which itself suggests the life-force).

The Symphony's four movements are played without breaks, this is called attacca subito. The first movement begins with a fierce tutti pitting D minor against its flat seventh, C, in an almost antiphonal manner. After the tutti, the clarinets introduce in A major the lyrical theme that will culminate the work. The second movement, for woodwind in G major, is more an intermezzo than the expected adagio. This function is fulfilled by the third movement, which opens with a cantilena from unison violins, then builds to a climax before concluding with a single oboe playing over trills in the upper strings. The clashes of the first movement reappear in the final movement, in which two sets of timpani duel from either side of the orchestra. This passage unusually calls on the two timpanists to change the pitch of the timpani while playing. At the very end E major emerges as the key to conclude the work.

Conductor: Herbert Blomstedt & San Francisco Symphony

Carl Nielsen: Symphony No.5, Op. 50 - Leonard Bernstein
Symphony no 5, Op. 50 by Carl Nielsen
Conductor: Leonard Bernstein
Orchestra/Ensemble: New York Philharmonic
Period: 20th Century
Written: 1921-1922; Denmark Date of Recording: 04/1962
Venue: Manhattan Center, New York City
Length: 33 Minutes 13 Secs.
Nielsen: 6. Sinfonie (»Sinfonia semplice«)
Carl Nielsen - Aladdin Suite, FS. 89 (1919)
Herbert Blomstedt, San Francisco Symphony
I. Oriental Festive March 02.57
II. Aladdin's Dream and Dance of the Morning Mist 02.48, 02:58
III. Hindu Dance 02.21, 05:46
IV. Chinese Dance 03.27, 08:08
V. The Marketplace in Ispahan 04.22, 11:36
VI. Dance of the Prisoners 03.32, 16:14
VII. Negro Dance 04.33, 19:46
Carl Nielsen - Springtime In Funen (Fynsk Forår) - Tamâs Vetô
Lyrisk humoreske for solists, chorus and orchestra Op. 42.

Inga Nielsen, soprano. Kim Von Binzer, tenor. Jørgen Klint, bass.

The University Choir "Lille Muko", Director Henrik Metz.

St. Klemens School Children's Choir, Director, Kirsten Møller Jensen.
Katrine Andersen (girl's solo) Signe Yde-Andersen (boy's solo).

Odense Symphony Orchestra.
Conductor, Tamâs Vetô.

Carl Nielsen - Helios Overture, Op. 17
Barbara Hendricks "Six Songs" Carl Nielsen
Barbara Hendricks sings "Six Songs" by Carl Nielsen

1.) Aebleblomst (Apple Blossom), (Op. 10/1)

Strophic Songs (Op. 21)

2.) Skal Blomsterne da visne?

3.) Hogen

4.) Saenk kun dit Hoved, du Blomst

5.) Den forste Laerke

6.) Studie efter naturen (Study after Nature)

Roland Pötinen, piano

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