Marin Marais  
Marin Marais

Marin Marais by André Bouys, 1704.
Marin Marais (31 May 1656, Paris – 15 August 1728, Paris) was a French composer and viol player. He studied composition with Jean-Baptiste Lully, often conducting his operas, and with master of the bass viol Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe for six months. He was hired as a musician in 1676 to the royal court of Versailles. He did quite well as court musician, and in 1679 was appointed ordinaire de la chambre du roy pour la viole, a title he kept until 1725.

He was a master of the basse de viol, and the leading French composer of music for the instrument. He wrote five books of Pièces de viole (1686–1725) for the instrument, generally suites with basso continuo. These were quite popular in the court, and for these he was remembered in later years as he who "founded and firmly established the empire of the viol" (Hubert Le Blanc, 1740). His other works include a book of Pièces en trio (1692) and four operas (1693–1709), Alcyone (1706) being noted for its tempest scene.
Titon du Tillet included Marais in Le Parnasse françois, making the following comments on two of his pieces, Le Labyrinthe, perhaps inspired by the labyrinth of Versailles, and La Gamme:
A piece from his fourth book entitled The Labyrinth, which passes through various keys, strikes various dissonances and notes the uncertainty of a man caught in a labyrinth through serious and then quick passages; he comes out of it happily and finishes with a gracious and natural chaconne. But he surprised musical connoisseurs even more successfully with his pieces called La Gamme [The Scale], which is a piece de symphonie that imperceptibly ascends the steps of the octave; one then descends, thereby going through harmonious songs and melodious tones, the various sounds of music.
As with Sainte-Colombe, little of Marin Marais' personal life is known after he reached adulthood. Marin Marais married a Parisian, Catherine d'Amicourt, on 21 September 1676. They had 19 children together.
Facsimiles of all five books of Marais' Pièces de viole are published by Éditions J.M. Fuzeau. A complete critical edition of his instrumental works in seven volumes, edited by John Hsu, is published by Broude Brothers.
Marais is credited with being one of the earliest composers of program music. His work The Bladder-Stone Operation, for viola da gamba and harpsichord, includes composer's annotations such as "The patient is bound with silken cords" and "He screameth." The title has often been interpreted as "The Gall-Bladder Operation," but that surgery was not performed until the late 19th century. Urinary bladder surgery to remove stones was already a medical specialty in Paris in the 17th century.


Instrumental music
Pieces for 1 and 2 viols, Book I (20 August 1686, only solo viols, 1 March 1689 first published with associated basso continuo)
Pieces en trio pour les flutes, violon, et dessus de viole (published on 20 December 1692, dedicated to Marie-Anne Roland)
Pieces for 1 and 2 viols, Book II (1701), including 32 couplets on "Les folies d'Espagne"
Pièces de violes, Book III (1711)
Pieces for 1 and 3 viols, Book IV (1717; includes the famous Suitte d'un Goût Étranger.)
La gamme et autres morceaux de symphonie (1723, includes La Gamme en forme d'un petit Opéra, Sonate à la Maresienne, Sonnerie de Ste-Geneviève du Mont-de-Paris)
Pièces de violes, Book V (1725)
145 Pieces for viol (ca. 1680), about 100 pieces were published in Books I – III

Idylle dramatique of 1686 (music lost)
Alcide (1693, in collaboration with Louis Lully)
Ariane et Bacchus (1696)
Alcyone (premiered on 18 February 1706)
Sémélé (1709)
Pantomime des pages (with Louis Lully, music lost)

Sacred works
Te Deum (1701) for the recovery of the Dauphin (lost)
Motet Domine salvum fac regem (1701) for the recovery of the Dauphin (lost)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Marin Marais - Alcione, Suite des airs a jouer 1706, Jordi Savall
Marin Marais - Couplets de Folie - Philippe Foulon
1. Les couplets de folies (Iie livre de pièces de viole) 0:00
2. L'arabesque 19:13
3. La rêveuse 22:22
4. Le labyrinthe 26:34
5. Sarabande en do 38:52

6. Chaconne en sol 42:55
7. Le moulinet 46:20
8. Les voix humaines 48:57
9. La guitare 54:09
10. Tombeau de Mr de Sainte Colombe 57:44
11. Pavane selon le goût des anciens 1:04:01

Philippe Foulon
Lachrimae Consort

Marin Marais - Pièces de viole 1/5
Pièces a deux violes du Premier Livre, 1686.
Jordi Savall, basse de viole Barak Norman, Londres 1697
Christophe Coin, basse de viole, facteur anonyme français, XVII siécle
Ton Koopman, clavecin Derek Porteous d´aprés le clavecin D. F.
Hopkinson Smith, théorbe Jacob van de Geest, Vevey (Suisse) 1974

1. Prelude a deux violes
2. Allemande
3. Courante
4. Sarabande
5. Gigue
6. Gavotte
7. Menuet


9. Prelude
10. Allemande
12. Sarabande
13. Gigue
14. Menuet
15. Fantaisie En Echo
16. Tombeau de Monsieur Meliton

PIECES A DEUX VIOLES du Premier Livre, 1686

Marin Marais - Pièces de viole 2/5
Pièces de viole du Second Livre, 1701
Jordi Savall, basse de viola anonyme française, fin XVII siécle
Anne Gallet, clavecin Johannes Ruckers, 1627, ravalé premiere moitié XVIIIe siécle
Hopkinson Smith, théorbe Jacob van de Geest, Vevey (Suisse) 1974



3. Prelude, II. 83
4. Petite fantaisie, II. 84
5. Allemande, II. 85
6. Courante, II. 87
7. Sarabande, II. 88
8. Sarabande, II. 89
9. Gigue, II. 90
10. Gigue, II. 91
11. Menuet, II. 92
12. Gavotte, II. 93
13. Menuet, II. 94
14. Tombeau pour Monsieur de Lully, II. 95

Marin Marais - Pièces de viole 3/5
Pièces de viole du Troisieme Livre, 1711
Jordi Savall, basse de viole Barak Norman, London 1697
Ton Koopman, clavecin Philippe Humeau, Barbaste 1977, d´aprés un anonyme du XVII siécle
Hopkinson Smith, théorbe Jacob van de Geest & guitare baroque Joël van Lennep

1. Prelude (11) lentement
2. Fantaisie (1)
3. Allemande (2)
4. Courante (3)
5. Sarabande (4)
6. Gigue (5) & Double (6)
7. Grand Ballet (13)

8. Prelude (40)
9. Fantaisie (41)
10. Rondeau (54)
11. Plainte (55)
12. La Brillante (57)
13. La Folette (45)

14. Prelude (92)
15. Allemande La Magnifique (96) & Double (97)
16. Courante (98)
17. Sarabande Grave (99)
18. Gigue á L´angloise (100)
19. Menuet (103)
20. La Muzette (105)
21. Second Muzette (106)
22. La Guitarre (107)

Marin Marais - Pièces de viole 4/5
Pièces de viole du Quatrieme Livre, 1717.
Jordi Savall, basse de viole à sept cordes, anonyme fin XVIIIe siécle
Ton Koopman, clavecin Pierre Bellot, 1729, Chartres. Musée de l´Archevéché
Hopkinson Smith, guitare baroque Joel van Lennep. Théorbe Jacob van de Geest. Vevey (Suisse) 1974

1. Marche Tartare. IV. 55
2. La Tartarine, IV. 58 & Double. IV. 59
3. Les Fêtes Champestres, IV. 61
4. Le Tourbillon, IV. 64
5. Le Labyrinthe, IV. 74
6. L´Arabesque, IV. 80
7. Allemande la Superbe, IV. 81
8. La Reveuse, IV. 82
9. Marche, IV. 83
10. Gigue, IV. 84
11. Le Badinage, IV. 87

Marin Marais - Pièces de viole 5/5
Pièces de viole du Cinquieme Livre, 1725.
Jordi Savall, basse de viole Barak Norman, Londres 1697
Ton Koopman, clavecin Pierre Bellot, 1729, Chartres, Musée de l´Archevêché
Hopkinson Smith, théorbe Jacob van de Geest, Vevey (Suisse) 1974
Jean-Michel Damian, récitant

1. Prelude, V. 63
2. Fantaisie, V. 64
3. Allemande La Marianne, V. 70
4. Sarabande, V. 66
5. Gigue la Pagode, V. 67
6. Gavotte, V. 68
7. Menuet, V. 69
8. Le Tombeau pour Marais le Cadet, V. 71
9. Rondo le Badin, V. 72
10. La Georgienne dite la Maupertuis, V. 73

11. Prelude, V. 92
12. Allemande la Bailly Duchené, V. 95
13. La Simplicité Paÿsanne, V. 94
14. Sarabande, V. 98
15. Menuets, V. 100 & 99
16. Marche Persane dite la Savigny, V. 102
17. Gigue la résolute, V. 104
18. Le Tableau de l´Operation de la Taille, V. 108
19. Les Relevailles, V. 109
20. Suitte, V. 110

Marin Marais Works for Viole and other instruments
Marin Marais - Pieces en Trio, Musica Pacifica
Disc: 1
1. Ste in g: Prld
2. Ste in g: Fant
3. Ste in g: Sarabande
4. Ste in g: Rondeau
5. Ste in g: Gigue
6. Ste in g: Menuet
7. Ste in g: Menuet
8. Ste in g: Passacaille
9. Ste in B flat: Sym
10. Ste in B flat: [Sarabande]
11. Ste in B flat: Air
12. Ste in B flat: Rondeau
13. Ste in B flat: Plainte
14. Ste in B flat: Chaconne
15. Les Contrefaiseurs
16. Ste in g: Plainte
17. Ste in g: Gavotte
18. Ste in g: Sarabande
19. Ste in g: Air
20. Ste in g: Petite Passacaille
21. Ste in B flat: Prld
22. Ste in B flat: Caprice
23. Ste in B flat: Sarabande Grave
24. Ste in B flat: Gavotte
25. Ste in B flat: Gigue
26. Ste in B flat: La Marianne
27. Ste in B flat: Menuet
28. Ste in B flat: Menuet
29. Ste in D: Prld
30. Ste in D: Sarabande Grave
31. Ste in D: Gavotte En Rondeau-Double
32. Ste in D: 1er Menuet
33. Ste in D: 2e Menuet
34. Ste in D: Gigue
35. Ste in D: Sym
36. Ste in D: Fant Champestre
37. Ste in D: 3e Menuet
38. Ste in D: 4e Menuet
39. Ste in D: Rigaudon
40. Ste in D: Bransle De Village
Disc: 2
1. Ste in C: Prld
2. Ste in C: Sarabande
3. Ste in C: Loure
4. Ste in C: Bagatelle
5. Ste in C: Rondeau
6. Ste in C: Chaconne
7. Ste in d: Caprice
8. Ste in d: Gavotte
9. Ste in d: Sarabande En Rondeau
10. Ste in d: Menuet
11. Ste in C: Fant
12. Ste in C: Sarabande
13. Ste in C: Gavotte
14. Ste in C: Menuet
15. Ste in C: Autre
16. Ste in c: Prld
17. Ste in c: Sarabande Grave
18. Ste in c: Rondeau
19. Ste in c: Caprice
20. Ste in c: Gavotte
21. Ste in c: Menuet
22. Ste in c: Autre
23. Ste in c: Fant
24. Ste in c: La Desole, Ou Passacaille Lente - Musica Pacifica M
25. Ste in e: Prld
26. Ste in e: Fant
27. Ste in e: Rondeau
28. Ste in e: Menuet
29. Ste in e: Sarabande
30. Ste in e: Passacaille

Musica Pacifica

Marais : Tombeau pour Monsieur de Lully
Marin Marais - Suite in C minor
Spectre de la Rose :

Marie Knight - baroque violin,
Alison Crum - treble & bass viol,
Susanna Pell - treble & bass viol,
Elizabeth Liddle - bass viol,
Paula Chateauneuf - theorbo,
Timothy Roberts - harpsichord

Marin Marais - Semele (Chaconne)
Successors - At The Academie Royale De Musique.

Le Concert Spirituel (Herve Niquet).

Dominique Etiévant plays Les Folies d'Espagne (Marin Marais), for solo flute. Live concert in Bauduen (FRANCE), summer 2010
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