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  Johann Nepomuk Hummel  
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Johann Nepomuk Hummel
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel, (born Nov. 14, 1778, Pressburg, Hung. [now Bratislava, Slvk.]—died Oct. 17, 1837, Weimar, Thuringia [Germany]), Austrian composer and outstanding virtuoso pianist during the period of transition from Classical to Romantic musical styles.

Hummel studied at an early age with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, at whose house in Vienna he lived for two years. Later, accompanied by his father, he toured Bohemia, Germany, Austria, Denmark, the Netherlands, and England for four years as a child-prodigy pianist. In England he studied a year with Muzio Clementi. Returning to Vienna in 1793, he took instruction from J.G. Albrechtsberger, Joseph Haydn (whom he had met in London), and Antonio Salieri. From 1804 to 1811 he was chapelmaster to the Esterházy family (a post formerly held by Haydn). After further successes as a pianist, conductor, and teacher, he became chapelmaster at Weimar (1818).

Hummel’s most important compositions are his piano works, consisting of trios, sonatas, rondos, and six concerti, all elegant in style and virtuosic in their melodic writing and ornamentation. Fluent, clear in texture, and well suited to the light Viennese piano action of his day, these works nevertheless lack the emotional depth and coherence evident in the works of Hummel’s great contemporary rival, Ludwig van Beethoven, with whom he maintained an uneasy friendship. (He was a pallbearer at Beethoven’s funeral.) Hummel also composed nine operas, three masses, a mandolin concerto, and chamber works, notably the Septet in D Minor. He made innovations in fingering methods, published in his Klavierschule (“Piano School”) in 1828.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 
 

A surviving manuscript of Hummel's work, probably in his own hand
 
 
Music

Hummel's music took a different direction from that of Beethoven. Looking forward, Hummel stepped into modernity through pieces like his Sonata in F-sharp minor, Op. 81, and his Fantasy, Op. 18, for piano. These pieces are examples where Hummel may be seen to both challenge the classical harmonic structures and stretch the sonata form.

His main oeuvre is for the piano, on which instrument he was one of the great virtuosi of his day. He wrote eight piano concertos, ten piano sonatas (of which four are without opus numbers, and one is still unpublished), eight piano trios, a piano quartet, a piano quintet, a wind octet, a cello sonata, two piano septets, a mandolin concerto, a mandolin sonata, a Trumpet Concerto in E major written for the Keyed trumpet (usually heard in the more convenient E-flat major), a "Grand Bassoon Concerto" in F, a quartet for clarinet, violin, viola, and cello, four hand piano music, 22 operas and Singspiels, masses, and much more, including a variation on a theme supplied by Anton Diabelli for Part II of Vaterländischer Künstlerverein.

Although thought of in terms of the piano in modern times, Hummel was seriously and constantly interested in the guitar, and he was talented with the instrument. He was prolific in his writing, and his compositions for it begin with opus 7 and finish with opus 93. Other guitar works include Opp. 43, 53, 62, 63, 66, 71 and 91, which are written for a mixture of instruments.

Hummel's output is marked by the conspicuous lack of a symphony. Of his eight piano concertos the first two are early Mozartesque compositions (S. 4/WoO 24 and S. 5) and the later six were numbered and published with opus numbers (Opp. 36, 85, 89, 110, 113, and posth. 1).

 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Piano Concerto in F Major, Op. posth. 1
 
Piano Concerto in F Major, Op. posth. 1

I. Allegro moderato
II. [No tempo indication] 13:46
III. Allegro con brio 20:16

London Mozart Players
Howard Shelley, piano/conductor

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel - Piano Concerto in A-minor, Op.85 (1816)
 
Work: Piano Concerto in A-minor, Op.85 (1816)

Mov.I: Allegro moderato 00:00
Mov.II: Larghetto 16:19
Mov.III: Rondo: Allegro moderato 20:47

Pianist: Alessandro Commellato

Orchestra: Solamente Naturali

Conductor: Didier Talpain

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Piano Concerto No. 3 in B minor, Op 89
 
Piano Concerto No. 3 in B minor, Op. 89

I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto 16:55
III. Finale: Vivace 24:48

Stephen Hough, piano
English Chamber Orchestra
Bryden Thomson, conductor

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel - Piano Concerto No. 4, Op. 110
 
Piano Concerto No.4 in E major, Op.110 (1826)

1. Allegro pomposo e spirituoso
2. Andante con moto (14:04)
3. Rondo: Allegro moderato ma con brio (21:51)

Howard Shelley, piano and the London Mozart Players

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel - Piano Concerto No. 5, Op. 113
 
Piano Concerto No.5 in A-flat major, Op.113 (1827)

I. Allegro moderato
II. Larghetto con moto
III. Allegro moderato

Howard Shelley, piano and the London Mozart Players

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel - Piano Sonata No.2 in E-flat major, Op.13 "Alleluja" (c. 1804)
 
Piano Sonata No.2 in E-flat major, Op.13 "Alleluja" (c. 1804)

Mov.I: Allegro con brio - Alleluja 00:00
Mov.II: Adagio con gran espressione 10:02
Mov.III: Finale: Allegro con spirito 17:46

Pianist: Hae-Won Chang

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel Rondo Brillant in A Major, Op. 56
 
Rondo Brillant in A Major, Op.56
Rondo Brillante in A-Dur, Op.56

I.Hauptmotiv 4:55

Howard Shelley (Piano),
London Mozart Players

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel - Grande Serenade in C-major, Op.66
 
Grande Serenade in C-major, Op.66 for guitar, violin, clarinet, bassoon, flute & violoncello

Ensemble: Consortium Classicum

Leader: Dieter Klöcker

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel - Septet in C-major, Op.114 "The Military"
 
Septet in C-major, Op.114 "The Military"

Mov.I: Allegro con brio 00:00
Mov.II: Adagio 10:52
Mov.III: Menuetto: Allegro 19:22
Mov.IV: Finale: Vivace 24:28

Ensemble: The Nash Ensemble

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel Mass in D minor
 
I. Kyrie 0:00
II. Gloria 10:03
III. Credo 18:50
IV. Sanctus 32:12
V. Benedictus 34:48
VI. Agnus Dei 39:41
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel Clarinet Quartet in e flat major (1808)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
J.N. Hummel:Sonata for Flute and Piano in D major Op. 50
 
Sonata for Flute and Piano in D major Op. 50
1. Allegro con brio
2. Andante
3. Rondo Pastorale

Yokohama Minatomirai Hall Small Hall ...

Recording and editing :Hiroo Yamashita

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Johann Nepomuk Hummel "Fantasie for Viola and orch."
 
Franz Schessl, viola
Symphony Orchestra of the BR München
Jan Koetsier, conductor
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
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