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  François-Joseph Gossec  
 
 
 
 
 
 
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François-Joseph Gossec
 
 
 
 
François-Joseph Gossec (17 January 1734 – 16 February 1829) was a French composer of operas, string quartets, symphonies, and choral works.

Life and work

The son of a small farmer, Gossec was born at the village of Vergnies, then a French exclave in the Austrian Netherlands, now in Belgium. Showing an early taste for music, he became a choir-boy in Antwerp. He went to Paris in 1751 and was taken on by the composer Jean-Philippe Rameau. He followed Rameau as the conductor of a private orchestra kept by the fermier général Le Riche de La Poupelinière, a wealthy amateur and patron of music. Gradually he became determined to do something to revive the study of instrumental music in France.
Gossec's own first symphony was performed in 1754, and as conductor to the Prince de Condé's orchestra he produced several operas and other compositions of his own. He imposed his influence on French music with remarkable success. His Requiem premiered in 1760, a ninety minute piece which made him famous overnight. Years later, in 1778, Mozart visited Gossec during a trip to Paris, and described him in a letter to his father as "a very good friend and a very dry man".
Gossec founded the Concert des Amateurs in 1770 and in 1773 he reorganised the Concert Spirituel together with Simon Leduc and Pierre Gaviniès. In this concert series he conducted his own symphonies as well as those by his contemporaries, particularly works by Joseph Haydn, whose music had become increasingly popular in Paris, finally even superseding Gossec's symphonic work.
In the 1780s Gossec's symphonic output decreased as he began concentrating on operas. He organized the École de Chant in 1784, together with Etienne Méhul, was conductor of the band of the Garde Nationale of the French Revolution, and was appointed (with Méhul and Luigi Cherubini) inspector of the Conservatoire de Musique at its creation in 1795. He was an original member of the Institut and a chevalier of the Legion of Honour. In 1815, after the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo, the Conservatoire was closed for some time by Louis XVIII, and the eighty-one year-old Gossec had to retire. Until 1817 he worked on his last compositions, including a third Te Deum, and was supported by a pension granted by the Conservatoire.
He died in the Parisian suburb of Passy. The funeral service was attended by former colleagues, including Cherubini, at Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. His grave is near those of Méhul and Grétry.
Some of his techniques anticipated the innovations of the Romantic era: he scored his Te Deum for 1200 singers and 300 wind instruments, and several oratorios require the physical separation of multiple choirs, including invisible ones behind the stage. He wrote several works in honor of the French revolution, including Le Triomphe de la République, and L'Offrande à la Liberté.
While most people would have difficulty recognizing Gossec's Gavotte by its title, the melody itself remains familiar in the United States and elsewhere because Carl Stalling used an arrangement of it in several Warner Brothers cartoons.
He was little known outside France, and his own numerous compositions, sacred and secular, were overshadowed by those of more famous composers; but he was an inspiration to many, and powerfully stimulated the revival of instrumental music.


Works

For Orchestra

Sei sinfonie a più strumenti op. 4 (1759)
Sei sinfonie a più strumenti op. 5 (1761)
Six symphonies op. 6 (1762)
Six symphonies à grand orchestre op. 12 (1769)
Deux symphonies (1773)
Symphonie n° 1 (c. 1771-1774)
Symphonie n° 2 (c. 1771-1774)
Symphonie en fa majeur (1774)
Symphonie de chasse (1776)
Symphonie en ré (1776)
Symphonie en ré (1777)
Symphonie concertante en fa majeur n° 2, à plusieurs instruments (1778)
Symphonie en do majeur for wind orchestra (1794)
Symphonie à 17 parties en fa majeur (1809)


Chamber music


Sei sonate a due violini e basso op. 1 (c. 1753)
Sei quartetti per flauto e violino o sia per due violini, alto e basso op. 14 (1769)
Six quatuors à deux violons, alto et basse op. 15 (1772)


Vocal and Choral Works


Messe des morts (Requiem) (1760)
La Nativité, oratorio (1774)
Te Deum (1779)
Te Deum à la Fête de la Fédération for three voices, men's chorus and wind orchestra (1790)
Hymne sur la translation du corps de Voltaire au Panthéon for three voices, men's chorus and wind orchestra (1791)
Le Chant du 14 juillet (Marie-Joseph Chénier) for three voices, men's chorus and wind orchestra (1791)
Dernière messe des vivants, for four voices, chorus and orchestra (1813)
Gossec also wrote a piece by the name of tambourin for Flute & Guitar ca. 1790


Operas

Le tonnelier, opéra comique (1765)
Le faux Lord, opéra comique (1765)
Les pêcheurs, opéra comique en 1 act (1766)
Toinon et Toinette, opéra comique (1767)
Le double déguisement, opéra comique (1767)
Les agréments d'Hylas et Sylvie, pastorale (1768)
Sabinus, tragédie lyrique (1773)
Berthe, opera (1775, not extant)
Alexis et Daphné, pastorale (1775)
Philémon et Baucis, pastorale (1775)
La fête de village, intermezzo (1778)
Thésée, tragédie lyrique (1782)
Nitocris, opera (1783)
Rosine, ou L'épouse abandonnée, opera (1786)
Le triomphe de la République, ou Le camp de Grandpré, divertissement-lyrique en 1 acte, (Chénier) (1794) - includes a famous Tambourin.
Les sabots et le cerisier, opera (1803)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 
 
 
 
 
François-Joseph Gossec Symphonie Es-Dur 1. Allegro moderato
 
 
 
 
François-Joseph Gossec Symphonie Es-Dur 2. Romanza andante
 
 
 
 
 
François-Joseph Gossec Symphonie Es-Dur 3. Minuetto & Trio
 
 
 
 
 
François-Joseph Gossec Symphonie Es-Dur 4. Presto
 
 
 
 
 
François-Joseph Gossec Symphonie Es-Dur op.12 Nr.5
 
Symphonie Es-Dur op.12 Nr.5 (B58) / Symphony E flat major op.12 No 5 (B58)

I. Lamentabile - Presto con furia
II. Andante moderato (5:07)
III. Allegro (9:41)

 
 
 
 
 
François-Joseph Gossec Symphony in G Op.12 No.2 1/3
 
 
 
 
François-Joseph Gossec Symphony in G Op.12 No.2 2/3
 
 
 
 
François-Joseph Gossec Symphony in G Op.12 No.2 3/3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FRANCOIS-JOSEPH GOSSEC - Louis Devos - Requiem, Missa Pro Defunctis (1760)
 
01 Première Partie : Introduzione
02 Introitus : Chœur
03 Te Decet Hymnus : Bernadette Degelin (Soprano I), Howard Crook (Ténor)
04 Exaudi : Bernadette Degelin (Soprano I)
05 Requiem Aeternam : Choeur
06 Fuga 'Lux Perpetua' : Choeur
07 Deuxième Partie: Dies Irae : Dies Irae : Choeur
08 Tuba Mirum : Kurt Widmer (Basse)
09 Mors Stupebit : Choeur
10 Quid Sum Miser : Howard Crook (Ténor)
11 Recordare : Bernadette Degelin (Soprano I), Howard Crook (Ténor), Kurt Wid...
12 Inter Oves : Bernadette Degelin (Soprano I)
13 Confutatis : Choeur
14 Oro Supplex : Choeur
15 Lacrimosa : Bernadette Degelin (Soprano I), Greta De Reyghere (Soprano Ii)
16 Judicandus
17 Pie Jesu : Choeur
18 Troisième Partie: Offertorium : Vado Et Non Revertar
19 Spera In Deo : Howard Crook (Ténor)
20 Cedant : Howard Crook (Ténor), Kurt Widmer (Basse), Choeur
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
François-Joseph Gossec - Te Deum а Grand Orchestre (1779)
 
Soprano: Jill Feldman
Mezzo-soprano: Brigitte Lafon
Haute-contre: Gérard Lesne
Tenor: Howard Milner
Bass: Glenn Chambers

Chorus: Choeur National

Orchestra: Choeur et Orchestre de Paris-Sorbonne

Conductor: Jacques Grimbert

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gossec - Symphonie à grand orchestre 'La Chasse' D dur RH 41 op 13 no 3 (1774-1786)
 
0:00 : Grave maestoso - Allegro
4:26 : Allegretto poco allegro
7:37 : Minuetto
10:53 : Tempo di caccia

Concerto Köln (2003)
Chef : Andrea Keller

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FRANCOIS-JOSEPH GOSSEC - Te Deum à la Fête de la Fédération (1790)
 
TE DEUM À GRAND ORCHESTRE

Jill Feldman, soprano
Brigitte Lafon, mezzo
Gérard Lesne, haute-contre
Howard Milner, ténor
Glenn Chambers, baryton

Choeur National
Choeur et Orchestre de Paris-Sorbonne

Direction: Jacques Grimbert

01 - Te Deum
02 - Te aeternum Patrem
03 - Tibi omnes Angeli
04 - Te gloriosus
05 - Tu Rex gloriae
06 - Tu devicto mortis
07 - Tu ad dexteram dei
08 - Judex crederis
09 - Te ergo quaesumus
10 - Aeterna fac
11 - Et laudamus
12 - Dignare Domine
13 - Non confundar

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gossec - Symphonie à 17 parties F dur RH 64 (1809)
 
0:00 : Maestoso - Allegro molto
5:41 : Larghetto
12:12 : Minuet
19:18 : Allegro molto
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
François Joseph Gossec - Dernière Messe de Vivants (1813)
 
Soprano: Margor Parès-Reyna
Alto: Jacqueline Mayeur
Tenor: Alexandre Laiter
Baritone: Michel Piquemal

Chorus: Choeur Régional Vittoria d'lle de Picardie

Orchestra: Le Sinfonietta, Orchestre Régional de Picardie

Conductor: Dominique Rouits

 
 
 
 
 
 
     
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