Antonio Carlos Gomes  
Antonio Carlos Gomes
Antonio Carlos Gomes (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐ̃ˈtonju ˈkaɾluʃ ˈɡomiʃ]; Brazil, July 11, 1836 – Brazil, September 16, 1896) was the first New World composer whose work was accepted by Europe. The only non-European who was successful as an opera composer in Italy, during the "golden age of opera", contemporary to Verdi and Puccini and the first composer of non-European lineage to be accepted into the Classic tradition of music.

Younger than Verdi, yet older than Puccini, Carlos Gomes achieved his first major success in a time when the Italian audiences were eager for a new name to celebrate and Puccini had not yet officially started his career. After the successful premiere of Il Guarany, Gomes was considered the most promising new composer. Verdi said his work was an expression of "true musical genius". Liszt said that “it displays dense technical maturity, full of harmonic and orchestral maturity.”


He was born in Campinas, Brazil, son of Maestro Manuel José Gomes and Fabiana Maria Jaguari Cardoso.

His childhood's musical tendencies were soon stimulated by his father and by his older brother José Pedro de Sant'Ana Gomes, also a Conductor. José Pedro was the most dedicated guide and adviser in his brother's artistic career. He convinced Antônio to visit the Court where he became a protégé of Emperor Dom Pedro II, who, being notoriously interested in the careers of Brazilian artists and intellectuals, made possible for Antônio Carlos to study at the Musical Conservatory of Rio de Janeiro.

After having graduated with honors, Carlos produced his first opera, A noite do castelo (September 1861). It was a big success. Two years later, he repeated it with his second opera, Joana de Flandres, which was considered superior to the first. These two pieces convinced the Emperor to offer him a Royal scholarship to study in Italy in 1864. He studied in Milan at the local Conservatory with Lauro Rossi and Alberto Mazzucato and completed in three years a course which was normally completed in four years, obtaining the title of Maestro Composer.

Interested in composing an opera which dealt with a truly Brazilian subject, Carlos Gomes chose as the theme of his next work the romance novel O Guarani, by Brazilian writer José de Alencar. The opera was given an Indian subject and setting and it premiered in May 1870 at the La Scala Theater in Milan as Il Guarany.

The success was enormous. Even the most strict musical critics compared the Brazilian musician to the great European maestros, such as Rossini and Verdi. The King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel II, decorated the creator of the opera, which was presented in all major European capitals. Before that year was over, Gomes returned to Brazil, where he organized the premiere of Il Guarany in Rio de Janeiro. The piece achieved the same success Gomes had seen in Italy.

Returning to Italy, Carlos Gomes married Adelina Peri, an Italian pianist he had met while studying in Milan.

He wrote the hymn Il saluto del Brasile for the centenary of American independence which was performed in Philadelphia, on July 19, 1876.

In 1883 the maestro traveled to Brazil, receiving homages in every city he visited. When he returned to Italy, he dedicated himself to the composition of an opera themed against slavery, inspired by the liberation struggle of black slaves in Brazil, which got the title of Lo Schiavo. The composition, which had been suggested by a great friend of Antônio's, a black engineer named André Rebouças, only debuted several years later in 1889.

When the Brazilian republic was proclaimed in 1889, Carlos Gomes, who at this time was in Campinas, sailed once more to Italy. Faithful to the monarchy and Dom Pedro II, Gomes refused the opportunity given to him by president Deodoro da Fonseca to compose the new Brazilian National Anthem. In the following years, he composed the opera Condor and the cantata Colombo, for the Columbus Festival (October 12, 1892), in celebration of the fourth centenary of the discovery of America.

Invited by the governor of the Brazilian province of Pará to direct the Musical Conservatory, the maestro traveled to the capital Belém, willing to take the position. However, shortly after arriving, Carlos Gomes, by then an elderly man in poor health, died on September 16, 1896. Besides his eight operas, he composed songs (3 books), choruses, and piano pieces.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Il Guarany (1870)
Antônio Carlos Gomes (1836-1896)
Libreto: Antônio Scalvini
Baseado no romance de José de Alencar

Ato I - 01 Sinfonia
Ato I - 02 Scorre il Cacciator
Ato I - 03 L'idalgo vien + Gentile di cuore'
Ato I - 04 Cecilia, esulta, Reso ai nostro lari + Salve, possente Vergine
Ato I - 05 Che brami + Sento una forza indômita
Ato II - 06 Son giunto in tempo + Vanto io pur superba cuna
Ato II - 07 Ecco la grotta del convegno + Serpe vil
Ato II - 08 Udiste + L'oro è un ente sì Giocondo
Ato II - 09 Ebben, miei fidi + Senza tetto, senza cuna
Ato II - 10 Oh, come è bello in ciel!+ C'era una volta un príncipe
Ato II - 11 Tutto è silenzio + Donna, tu forse l'única
Ato II - 12 Miei fedeli + Vedi quel volto lívido
Ato III - 13 Aspra, crudel, terribil
Ato III - 14 Canto di guerra + Giovinetta, nello sguardo
Ato III - 15 Qual rumore + Or bene, insano
Ato III - 16 Tu, gentil regina + Il passo estremo omai s'appresta
Ato III - 17 Ebben, che fu + Perché di meste lagrime
Ato III - 18 Morte! + O Dio degli Aimorè
Ato III - 19 Che fia + Sorpresi siamo
Ato IV - 20 Né torna ancora + In quest'ora suprema
Ato IV - 21 No, traditori + Gran Dio, che tutto vedi
Ato IV - 22 Padre! + Con te giurai di vivere

Pery - Placido Domingo, tenor
Cecilia - Veronica Villaroel, soprano
Gonzalez - Carlos Alvarez, barítono
Don Antonio de Mariz - Hao Jiang Tian, baixo
Don Alvaro - Marcus Haddock, tenor
Cacique - Boris Martinovic, baixo
Ruy Bento - Graham Sanders, barítono
Alonso - John-Paul Bogart, tenor
Pedro - Pieris Zarmas, baixo

Chor und Extrachor der Oper der Stadt Bonn,
Orchester der Beethovenhalle Bonn
John Neschling, regente
Bonn, 1994

Antonio Carlos Gomes - Il Guarany - Ouverture
Il Guarany, opera ballo in four acts, first performance 19 March 1870, Milano, La Scala.

Libretto: Antonio Enrico Scalvini & Carlo d'Ormeville after the Roman O Guarani by José Martiniano de Alencar.


Orchestra: Royal Philharmonic Orchestra

Conductor: Enrique Arturo Diemecke

C.Gomes: Il Guarani - M.Caballe & J. Carreras / Sento una forza indomita
Carlos Gomes - O Guarani Parte 1 - com legendas em português
Carlos Gomes - O Guarani Parte 2 - com legendas em português
Carlos Gomes - O Guarani Parte 3 - com legendas em português
Carlos Gomes - O Guarani Parte 4 - com legendas em português
Carlos Gomes - Ave Maria - Il Guarany (O Guarani)
Caruso and Destinn: Gomez: Sento una forza
Recorded 20th April 1914. From the opera Il Guarany (The Guarany), an opera-ballo composed by Brazilian composer Antônio Carlos Gomes (1836-1896), based on the novel O Guarani, written by José de Alencar. The libretto was written by Antonio Scalvini and Carlo D'Ormeville.

The world premiere was at La Scala, Milan on March 19, 1870. The opera received additional European productions. The first Brazilian performance was in Rio de Janeiro on 2 December 1870, at the Theatro Lyrico Fluminense. The opera is notable as the first Brazilian opera to gain international acclaim outside of Brazil.

The duet 'Sento una forza indomita' for tenor and soprano had a vogue: it was in the recorded repertoire of Francesco Marconi with Bice Mililotti, 1908, and - as here - of Enrico Caruso with Czech soprano Emmy Destinn.

Carlos Gomes - Lo Schiavo - Alvorada
FOSCA (Carlos Gomes) - Sofia, 1997
Gail Gilmore, Krassimira Stoyanova, Roumen Doykov, Niko Issakov - Luiz Fernando Malheiro
Maria Tudor de Carlos Gomes nos Concertos
Carlos Gomes - Maria Tudor (Abertura) & Vendetta! Vendetta! - Eliane Coelho
Maria Tudor - Abertura & Vendetta! Vendetta!
Intérprete: Eliane Coelho
Orquestra, Coro e Solistas: The Sofia National Opera
Direção Musical e Regência: Luiz Fernando Malheiro
Carlos Gomes - Missa de São Sebastião
1a. performance ! Gravado ao vivo, julho de 2005
Orquestra Sinfônica Municipal de Campinas, Henrique Lian regente
Coro da Unicamp preparador Carlos Fiorini
Sonata para cordas em Ré maior - Antonio Carlos Gomes
Sonata para cordas em Ré maior, de Antonio Carlos Gomes
1. Allegro Animato
2. Allegro Scherzoso
3. Adagio Lento e Calmo
4. Vivace (Burrico de Pau)

Teatro Municipal de Niterói -- 04 de Junho de 2013.

Carlos Gomes - Abertura da ópera Condor
Abertura da ópera "Condor" (1891).

Orquestra Sinfônica Brasileira
Regente: Yeruham Scharovsky

Extraído do cd "Carlos Gomes - Aberturas e Prelúdios" - 1998.

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