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  Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf  
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf
 
 
 
 
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, original name (until 1773) Carl Ditters (born Nov. 2, 1739, Vienna, Austria—died Oct. 24, 1799, Rothlhotta Castle, Neuhof, Bohemia [now Nové Dvory, Czech Republic]), violinist and composer of instrumental music and of light operas that established the form of the singspiel (a comic opera in the German language).

A brilliant child violinist, Ditters played regularly at the age of 12 in the orchestra of Prince von Sachsen-Hildburghausen and later in the orchestra of the Vienna opera. He became friendly with the composer Christoph Gluck and accompanied him in 1761 to Bologna, Italy. There Ditters gained considerable celebrity with his violin playing. In 1765 he became director of the orchestra of the bishop of Grosswardein and wrote for it his first opera, Amore in musica (“Love in Music”). His first oratorio, Isacco (“Isaac”), was also written during this time.

By 1770 Ditters was in the service of Count Schaffgotsch, prince-bishop of Breslau, at Johannisberg, Silesia, Prussia. There he composed 11 comic operas, among them Il viaggiatore americano (1770; “The American Traveler”), and an oratorio, Davidde penitente (1770; “Penitent David”). In 1773 he was ennobled by Empress Maria Theresa under the name Ditters von Dittersdorf to enable his appointment as Amtshauptmann (district administrator) of Freiwaldau. In about 1779 he formed a close friendship with Joseph Haydn, who directed five of his operas at Eszterháza, and from 1783 he played in string quartets in Vienna with W.A. Mozart (on at least one famous occasion joined by Haydn and Johann Vanhal, then a popular composer of string quartets). From this period onward his output was enormous. He produced the oratorio Giobbe (1786) and several operas, three of which, Doktor und Apotheker (1786; “Doctor and Apothecary”), Hieronymus Knicker (1789), and Das rote Käppchen (1790; “The Little Red Hood”), had great success. Doktor und Apotheker, in particular, became one of the classic examples of the German singspiel. He also wrote a large quantity of instrumental music, including about 120 symphonies and some 40 concerti. In 1795, following the bishop’s death, Ditters was dismissed with a small pension. Poor and broken in health, he accepted a post with Baron Ignaz von Stillfried at Rothlhotta Castle in Bohemia. On his deathbed he dictated his autobiography, which is of great interest to students of 18th-century music.

Ditters was one of the earliest composers of the Viennese Classical school. His symphonies, which are often of great interest, display many elements reminiscent of Haydn, including a pleasing wit, asymmetrical phrases, and folklike material. His violin concerti are worthy of study, and his concerti for harp, for flute, for harpsichord, for double bass, and for other instruments are performed and recorded. As an opera composer Ditters is chiefly remembered for his lighthearted and sometimes sentimental singspiels.

Encyclopædia Britannica
 
 
 
 
Works

Concertos
Grosses Concert per 11 strum. (1766)
18 concertos for Violin
3 concertos for 2 Violins
5 concertos for Viola
1 concerto for Cello
2 concertos for Contrabass
1 concerto for Viola and Contrabass
1 concerto for Piano
5 concertos for Oboe
1 concerto for Oboe d'Amore
5 concertos for Harpsichord
2 concertos for Quartet
2 concertinos
Concertos: manuscripts[edit]
Concerto for Oboe (in C major) (MS: Dittersdorf 32; now publ. Artaria)
Concerto for Flute (in e minor) (MS: Dittersdorf 36; now publ. Artaria)
Concerto for 2 Violins (in D major) (MS: mu6402.2532; now publ. Artaria)
Concerto for 2 Violins (in C major) (MS: mu6402.2530; now publ. Artaria)
Concertos: selection of best known concertos[edit]
Concerto for Oboe in G major (Breitkopf & Härtel)
Concerto for Oboe in C major (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Oboe in D major L.25b
Concerto for Oboe in C major L.39
Concerto for Oboe in C major L.40a
Concerto for Oboe in C major L.24
Concerto for Oboe in G major L.42
Concerto for Oboe d'Amore in A major L.43b
Concerto for Flute in e minor (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Cello in D major (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Contrabass (Double Bass Concerto) No.1 in E major (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Contrabass (Double Bass Concerto) No.2 in D major (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Contrabass (Double Bass Concerto) in E flat major (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Contrabass, Viola and Orchestra (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Viola and Orchestra in F major (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in C major (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra in G major (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Harp (The Danish Royal Library)
Concerto for Cembalo/Harpsichord in B major (The Danish Royal Library)
Concertino for 2 Violins, 2 Violas, 2 Oboes, 2 Horns, Basson and Bass


Symphonies

Dittersdorf left about 120 symphonies with solid attribution. There are about another 90 symphonies which may be Dittersdorf's work—according to the catalogue published by Geyer Helen, Torino 1985. Most of the symphonies are preserved only in manuscripts. Many manuscripts are inscribed di Carlo de Dittersdorf or similar, however they are copies of now lost original scores.
Sinfonia nel gusto di cinque nazioni (Paris, 1767)
6 Symphonies Op. 1 (Amsterdam, 1768?)
6 Symphonies Op. 4 (Paris, 1769?)
The Periodical Ouverture (London, 1769)
3 Symphonies Op. 5 (Paris, 1769?)
Symphonies Périodiques (Amsterdam, 1770–72)
3 Symphonies Op. 6 (Paris, 1773?)
4 Symphonies Op. 7 (Paris, 1773?)
3 Symphonies Op. 8 (Paris, 1773?)
6 Symphonies Op. 13 (Paris, 1781)
3 symphonies exprimant 3 métamorphoses d'Ovide: Les 4 âges du monde, La chûte de Phaéton, Actéon changé en cerf (Wien, 1785)


Symphonies: manuscripts

Grande symphonie: Le carnaval ou La redoute (MS)
Symphony (in A minor) Il deliro delli compositori, ossia Il gusto d’oggidi’ (MS: Ser.H Fasc.34 Nr.317; now publ. Artaria)
Symphony (in A major) Nazionale nel gusto (MS: Ser.H. Fasc.39 Nr.76; now publ. Artaria)
Symphony (in D major) Il combattimento delle passioni umane (MS: Ser.H Fasc.34 Nr.315; now publ. Artaria)
Symphony (in F major) (Grave F7) (MS: Ser.H Fasc.34 Nr.312; now publ. Artaria)
Symphony (in D minor) (Grave d1) (MS: R.M.21.a.13.(3.); now publ. Artaria)
Symphony (in G minor) (Grave g1) (MS: S.m.15957; Ser.H Fasc.33 Nr.293; now publ. Artaria)
Symphony (in E major) (Grave E1) (MS: IV-A-39 / A- 3498; now publ. Artaria)
Symphony (in E flat major) (Grave Eb9) (MS: IV-A-59 / A-3515; now publ. Artaria)
Symphony (in F major) (Grave F4) (MS: IV-A-38 / A-3497; now publ. Artaria)
Symphony (in D major) (Grave D6) (MS: IV-A-66 / A-3522; now publ. Artaria)


Symphonies: selection of best known symphonies

Sinfonia Concertante in D major (Breitkopf & Härtel)
Symphony in C major (Breitkopf & Härtel)
Symphony in D major (Breitkopf & Härtel)
Symphony in F major
Symphony in D minor
Symphony in G minor
Symphony No. 1 after Ovid’s “Metamorphoses” (“The Four Ages of the World”)
Symphony No. 2 after Ovid’s “Metamorphoses” (“The Fall of Phaeton”)
Symphony No. 3 in G after Ovid’s “Metamorphoses” (“The Metamorphosis of Acteon Into a Stag”)
Symphony No. 4 in F after Ovid’s “Metamorphoses” (“The Rescue of Andromeda by Perseus”)
Symphony No. 5 after Ovid’s “Metamorphoses” ("The Transformation of the Lycian Peasants into Frogs")
Symphony No. 6 after Ovid’s “Metamorphoses”
Sinfonia Concerto for Viola, Contrabass and Orchestra in E flat major


Chamber music

15 Divertimenti (Il combattimento dell'umane passioni is in this collection)
5 Cassazioni (2 published: Paris, 1768; the other 3 are MS)
4 Serenate for 2 Horns and Strings
35 Partite for Winds Instruments
Petit Ballet en forme d'une contredanse
24 dances for the Redoutensaal
6 String Quintets for 2 vl., vla., vcl., ctbs. (1782)
Sonata da camera a 5 stromenti
6 String Quartets (1789)
Quartet in E flat major
6 Sonatas for 2 vl. and vla. Op. 2 (Amsterdam, s. d.)
6 Trios for 2 vl. and b. op. 6 (Paris, 1771)
Another 12 Trios (id.)
3 Trios for vl., vla. and vcl.
Sonata for vl.
2 Duets for 2 vl.
Duet for vla. and vcl. or ctbs. in E flat major
14 duets for vl. and bass
136 pieces for Piano
Divertimento for two Violins and Violoncello in E flat major
Notturno (in D) for 4 flutes
Operas[edit]
Amore in Musica (1767, Grosswardein)
Arcifanfano, rè de’ Matti (1774 Johannisberg; 1776 Eszterházy)
25 000 Gulden oder im Dunkeln ist gut munkeln (1785, Vienna)
Doktor und Apotheker (1786, Vienna) (Digital edition by the University and State Library Düsseldorf)
Betrug durch Aberglauben (1786, Vienna)
Die Liebe im Narrenhaus (1787, Vienna)
Hieronymus Knicker (1789, Vienna)
Das rote Käppchen (1788, Vienna)
Das Gespenst mit der Trommel (1794, Oels)
Don Quixote der Zweyte (1795, Oels)
Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor (1796, Oels)
Oratorios[edit]
Isacco figura del Redentore (Grosswardein, 1766)
Davide penitente (Johannisberg, 1770)
La Liberatrice del Popolo Giudaico nella Persia, o sia l’Esther (Wien, 1773)
Giobbe (Wien, 1786)
Cantatas[edit]
Auf das... Geburtsfest seiner Majestät des Königs (1781)
Auf Lichtmess
11 other cantatas


Sacred Music

Missa in C major
Missa a 4 v.
Missa gratiosa in C major
Missa in D major
12 other masses
"Requiem" Mass in c minor
11 offertories
Antiphony with choir, orchestra and organ
8 litanies
12 ariae ex canticis Salomonis (Augsburg, 1795)
170 other sacred music works: arias, graduals, motettes et cetera.
the aria Das Mädchen von Köln (from Ossian; Leipzig, 1795)
3 other arias for Soprano and orchestra


Other Works

Pastoral-Motette

 
 
 
 
 
C.D. von Dittersdorf Sinfonia No.2 in D major "The Fall of Phaeton"
 
1. Adagio non molto - Allegro
2. Andante
3. Tempo di Minuetto
4. Finale: Vivace ma non troppo presto - Andantino

Failoni Orchestra
Hanspeter Gmur

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
C.D. von Dittersdorf Sinfonia No.3 in G major Transformation of Actaeon into a Stag
 
1. Allegro
2. Adagio
3. Tempo di minuetto
4. Finale: Vivace

Failoni Orchestra
Hanspeter Gmur

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf - Symphony No. 4 in F major, "Die Rettung der Andromeda durch Perseus"
 
Failoni Orchestra, Budapest, Hanspeter Gmur
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf - Symphony No. 4 in F major, "Die Rettung der Andromeda durch Perseus" (The Rescuing of Andromeda by Perseus)
I. Adagio non molto
II. Presto
III. Larghetto
IV. Finale: Vivace - Tempo di Minuetto
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf - Symphony No. 5 in D major
 
Failoni Orchestra, Budapest, Hanspeter Gmur
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf - Symphony No. 5 in D major, "Die Versteinerung der Phineus und seiner Freunde" (The Petrification of Phineus and his friends)
I. Allegretto non troppo presto
II. Adagio, ma non molto
III. Minuetto: Moderato
IV. Finale: Adagio - vivace, ma moderato
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf - Sinfonia No. 6 in A major, "Verwandlung der lykischen Bauern in Frosc
 
Hanspeter Gmür
Budapest Failoni Orchestra

Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf - Sinfonia No. 6 in A major, "Verwandlung der lykischen Bauern in Frosche"
I. Allegretto non troppo presto
II. Adagio, ma non molto
III. Minuetto: Moderato
IV. Finale: Adagio - vivace, ma moderato

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf - Requiem (1784)
 
Soprano: Hanna Farinelli
Alto: Birgit Calm
Tenor: Heiner Hopfner
Bass: Nikolaus Hillebrand

Chorus: Regensburger Domspatzen

Orchestra: Consortium Musicum München

Conductor: Georg Ratzinger

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Concierto Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf - A M Dillon piano
 
1-allegro molto
2-largetto
3-rondeau
Sinfonietta Maquinchao
Marcelo Zurlo director
Ana María Dillon piano
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf - Harp Concerto in A major - I. Allegro molto
 
Jana Bouskova, harp. Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Vladislav Czarnecki
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf - Harp Concerto in A major - II. Adagio
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf - Harp Concerto in A major - III. Rondeau, larghetto
 
 
 
 
 
 
     
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