Frederick Delius  
Frederick Delius
Frederick Delius, in full Frederick Theodore Albert Delius (born January 29, 1862, Bradford, Yorkshire, England—died June 10, 1934, Grez-sur-Loing, France), composer, one of the most distinctive figures in the revival of English music at the end of the 19th century.

The son of a German manufacturer who had become a naturalized British subject in 1860, Delius was educated at Bradford Grammar School and the International College, Isleworth, London. After working as a traveler for his father’s firm, he went in 1884 to Florida, U.S., as an orange planter and devoted his spare time to musical study. In 1886 he left Florida for Leipzig and there underwent a more or less regular musical training and became a friend of the Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg. Two years later he went to live in Paris, and from 1897 he made his home at Grez-sur-Loing (Seine-et-Marne), near Paris, with the painter Jelka Rosen, whom he married in 1903. Some songs, an orchestral suite (Florida), and an opera (Irmelin) were all written before he had a work published, that being Legend for violin and orchestra (1893). These were followed by more ambitious works that aroused considerable interest, especially in Germany, during the first decade of the 20th century. Three of his six operas (Koanga, 1895–97; A Village Romeo and Juliet, 1900–01; and Fennimore and Gerda, 1908–10) and several of his larger choral and orchestral works (Appalachia, 1902; Sea Drift, 1903; Paris: the Song of a Great City, 1899) were first heard in Germany. Later his reputation spread to England, mainly through the persuasive advocacy of Sir Thomas Beecham, who was his finest interpreter.


Even after he was stricken blind and paralyzed in his early 60s, Delius continued to compose, working with an amanuensis, Eric Fenby. Other major works include A Mass of Life (1904–05) and a Requiem (1914–16), both to texts by Friedrich Nietzsche; Brigg Fair (1907) for orchestra; four concerti for various instruments; three sonatas for violin and piano; and many smaller orchestral pieces and songs. He was created a Companion of Honour in 1929.

In distinction and originality of idiom, Delius’ music can hold its own with that of his contemporary Edward Elgar, and for a time he was considered by many to be a composer of equal stature. But Delius’ expressive range was more limited and his invention less vigorous than Elgar’s. Works that continue to be performed and recorded include the tone poem Over the Hills and Far Away (1895); the two Dance Rhapsodies for orchestra (1908 and 1916); Two Pieces for Small Orchestra: On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring (1912); Summer Night on the River (1911); and Songs of Sunset for orchestra, chorus, and solo voices (1906–07).

Encyclopædia Britannica
The Very Best of Frederick Delius
F. Delius: Appalachia, Variations on an Old Slave Song with Final Chorus (1904)
BBC Symphony & Chorus conducted by/dirigida por: Sir Andrew Davis, Baritone solo/Barítono: Andrew Rupp

This second and larger version of Appalachia is based only on the Old Slave Song heard in the first version of the work; nevertheless it is treated in the format of theme and variations, which ends on a final chorus instead of a fugue.

Frederick Delius - On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring
On Hearing the First Cuckoo in Spring is a tone poem composed in 1912 by Frederick Delius CH; it was first performed in Leipzig on 23 October 1913. It is the first of "Two Pieces for Small Orchestra", the second piece being Summer Night on the River, although these have for many years existed separately on recordings and in the concert hall.

The piece opens with a slow three-bar sequence; its first theme is an exchange of cuckoo calls, first for oboe, then for divided strings. The second theme is scored for first violins, and is taken from a Norwegian folk song, "In Ola Valley", which was brought to his attention by the Australian composer and folk-song arranger Percy Grainger. (The theme was also quoted by Edvard Grieg in his 19 Norwegian Folksongs, Op. 66.) The clarinet returns with the cuckoo calls before the piece ends in pastoral fashion.

Academy of St Martin-in-the-Fields
Conductor: Sir Neville Marriner

Frederick Delius, Walk to the Paradise Garden, Atkinson Grimshaw
Frederick Delius, Frederick Theodore Albert Delius CH (1862- 1934), Walk to the Paradise Garden,
London Symphony Orchestra, Sir John Barbirolli.
Works by John Atkinson Grimshaw (1836- 1893). "Walk to the Paradise Garden" is the orchestral interlude
between Scenes 5 and 6 of the opera "A Village Romeo and Juliet". The Paradise Garden is actually a dilapidated Pub
where the lover's Sali and Vreli can "dance all night". The rural lover's have known each other since childhood
and are willing to die together rather than give in to the pressures that will seperate them.
This interlude seems to synthesize many elements found in the opera, the "Paradise Garden", a seedy country dance hall
where the two lovers make a pact to do themselves in, a plot of land where they played together during their childhood,
the Dark Fiddler and his simbolic social conflicts, the hay barge which will sink in the river and carry them to their death,
and most of all, the heartbreak of Love; painful it weaves in long almost unbearable phrases,
an operatic play within a play based on the definition of the words "Paradise Garden".
Frederick Delius: Brigg Fair, An English Rhapsody
Frederick Delius was introduced to the folk song "Brigg Fair" by his friend and fellow composer, Percy Grainger, an enthusiastic collector of traditional songs. Delius was so taken with the melody, and with Grainger's setting of it for solo voice and chorus, that he decided to write an extended orchestral rhapsody based on the song. The piece was first performed in 1907.
Frederick Delius - A Song before Sunrise
Frederick Delius - Three Preludes for Piano (1923)
I. Scherzando [0:00]
II. Quick [1:51]
III. Con moto [2:48]

Three short pieces for piano by English composer Frederick Delius (1862-1934).

Pianist: Charles Abramovic

Frederick Delius, Sea Drift
Sea Drift takes its name from a section of Walt Whitman's poetical compilation Leaves of Grass, Sea-Drift, which contains several poems about the sea or the shore. The text is drawn from the poem "Out of the Cradle Endlessly Rocking", though it does not use the full text. In the poem, the speaker describes how, as a boy, he watched a pair of mocking-birds nesting, until one day the she-bird flew away and never returned. In a long section usually printed in italics, the he-bird, unable to leave in case his mate should return and find him gone, waits forever and calls his sorrowful song to the moon, the stars and the sea, which are heavy and drooping with his lost love.Composed in 1906.

Bryn Terfel (baritone) BBC Symphony Orchestra and Chorus/Mark Elder.

Delius 1916 Requiem
"Requiem: Our days here are as one day (Chorus, Baritone)" by Peter Coleman-Wright
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