Alexander Dargomyzhsky  
Alexander Dargomyzhsky

Alexander Dargomyzhsky
(Portrait by Konstantin Makovsky, 1869)
Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky (Russian: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Даргомы́жский) (14 February [O.S. 2 February] 1813 – 17 January [O.S. 5 January] 1869) was a 19th-century Russian composer. He bridged the gap in Russian opera composition between Mikhail Glinka and the later generation of The Five and Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

Dargomyzhsky was born in Troitsko village, Belyovsky District, Tula Governorate, and educated in Saint Petersburg. He was already known as a talented musical amateur when in 1833 he met Mikhail Glinka and was encouraged to devote himself to composition. His opera Esmeralda (libretto by composer, based on Victor Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame) was composed in 1839 (performed 1847), and his Rusalka was performed in 1856; but he had little success or recognition either at home or abroad, except in Belgium, until the 1860s, when he became the elder statesman, but not a member, of The Five.

Alexander Dargomyzhsky

His last opera, The Stone Guest, is his most famous work, known as a pioneering effort in melodic recitative. With the orchestration and the end of the first scene left incomplete at his death, it was finished by César Cui and Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, and was much prized by The Five for what was perceived as its progressive approach to operatic expression. It was premiered in 1872, but never became a lasting standard operatic repertoire item.

Dargomyzhsky also left some unfinished opera projects, among them an attempted setting of Pushkin's Poltava, from which a duet survives. Besides operas, his other compositions include numerous songs, piano pieces, and some orchestral works.

He died in Saint Petersburg in 1869, aged 55.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rusalka - 1856
Rusalka (Russian: Руса́лка) is an opera in four acts, six tableaux, by Alexander Dargomyzhsky, composed during 1848-1855. The Russian libretto was adapted by the composer from Pushkin's incomplete dramatic poem of the same name. It premiered on 4 May 1856 (Old Style) at the Theatre-circus, conducted by Konstantin Lyadov (father of Anatoly Lyadov), choreographed by Marius Petipa and Nikolay Goltz, but was badly received predominantly by the aristocracy.

In 1859, the opera was again presented at the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow, but it was not until 1865, when it was staged at the Mariinsky Theatre, that it was finally well received. The conductor was Eduard Nápravník; the Prince was sung by Fyodor Petrovich Komissarzhevsky, the Princess by Darya Leonova, Miller by Osip Petrov, and Natasha by Yulya Platonova.

Although much of Dargomyzhsky's Rusalka is fairly conventional in musical form and style, its singular innovation for the history of Russian music in particular is the application of "melodic recitative" at certain points in the drama. This type of recitative consists of lyrical utterances which change continuously according to the dramatic situation, with likewise varied accompaniment in the orchestra. Dargomyzhsky was to apply this technique of vocal composition on a small scale in his songs and on a large scale in his final opera, The Stone Guest.


The Prince
The Princess
The Miller
Natasha, his daughter, later a Rusalka
Ol'ga, an orphan, devoted to the Princess
A Matchmaker
Little Rusalka, 12 years old
Chorus: Boyars, boyarynyas, hunters, peasant men and women, and rusalki


The action takes place by the Dnieper River

The plot tells of a maiden who, after being jilted by a prince, drowns herself (hence the designation "rusalka," or "drowned maiden"). The last act of the opera, which features a ballet, is somewhat unusual in that a 12-year-old rusalka speaks her lines over the music.

Act 1
The bank of the Dnieper River. A mill near an oak tree.

Act 2
A rich mansion. A princely wedding.

Act 3
Scene 1: A tower chamber. A drawing room.

Scene 2: The bank of the Dnieper River. The ruined mill. Evening.

Act 4
Scene 1: The bottom of the Dnieper. The underwater palace of the Rusalki.

Scene 2: The bank of the Dnieper River. The ruined mill.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dargomyzhsky - Rusalka - Complete Opera
Premiere in 1856. Opera in 4 acts by Alexander Dargomyzhsky. Libretto by composer, based on an incomplete story by Pushkin. The opera is seldom staged outside Russia, which is a pity. It's prevailing use of the number system and ensemble shows that Russian opera of the day was still heavily influenced by the Italian model. Even so, it's distinctive subject matter and portrayal of Russian village life using much local color in the score helped set Russian opera on a nationalistic course. The role of the Miller is a bravura Russian bass role, created by the great Osip Petrov. It has been red meat to all the great Russian/Ukrainian basses ever since, many of whom have recorded the Miller's aria and Mad Scene, almost as a matter of duty.

The present recording was made in 1983 with a marvelous cast and conductor. The audio here was taken from a CD release by the Relief label. Currently, this same recording is available on Brilliant Classics, but only in Europe at this time.

The Miller- Alexander Vedernikov, bs
Natasha- Natalia Mikhailova, s
The Prince- Konstantin Pluzhnikov, t
The Princess- Nina Terentieva, ms
Olga- Galina Pisarenko, s
Matchmaker- Oleg Klenov, b
Hunter- Oleg Klenov, b
Rusalochka- Vasilisa Byelova, child actor
Lead Peasant- Unspecified, t

Grand Chorus of All-Russian Radio and Television
Tchaikovsky Symphony Orchestra of Moscow Radio
Vladimir Fedoseyev, c.

Alexander Dargomyzhsky - Rusalka
Soviet Cinematographic Orchestra - Emin Khatchaturian
'Rusalka' (Water Nymph) by Alexander Dargomyzhsky - Natasha's song.
Natasha's Song from 'Rusalka' (Water Nymph) by Alexander Dargomyzhsky.
Performed by Irina LOY (soprano) and Ekaterina SLOBODNITSKAYA (grand piano).
Ариозо Наташи из оперы "Русалка". Даргомыжский
Rusalka's aria by A. Dargomyzhsky
Rusalka's aria from the opera "Rusalka" by A.Dargomyzhsky. The Large Concert Hall in Kazan. Classical music festival for young musicians "Music is around us". Vlada Borovko, soprano. Ildar Nigmatullin, the pianist.
Маргарита Миглау / Miglau - Ария Ольги (Русалка)
Margarita Miglau (1926-2013), soprano, soloist of the Bolshoi theatre (1956-1986).
Olga's Aria from the "Rusalka" by Dargomyzhsky. Rec. 1958. Cond. - E. Svetlanov.
Даргомыжский "Русалка" 2-ое действие
Князь - Михаил Пирогов, Княгиня - Светлана Курышева, Ольга - Марина Сальникова, Сват - Асеев Алексей
Boris Shtokolov- The Miller's Aria from Rusalka (Dargomyzhsky)
Boris Timofeevich Shtokolov (1930-2005) is a name unfamiliar to most music aficionados in the West. Although he was an extremely popular singer in the former Soviet Union (and my personal favorite bass), his exposure to audiences beyond the Iron Curtain was limited- his tours abroad were not frequent, and recordings are relatively sparse for an artist of his stature. A graduate of the Ural State Conservatory in Ekaterinburg, he was THE leading bass at the Mariinsky Theater in St. Petersburg for much of his 30 year tenure there (1959-89) and is still considered the finest interpreter of old Russian romances and folk songs.
Galina Vishnevskaya: Songs of Alexander Dargomyzhsky
I. Sierra-Nevada byla obmotana tumanov 00:00
II. Noch' Zephir meshayet vozdukh 03:02
III. Molitva 06:53
IV. Chto moye imya dlya vas? 09:34
V. Nebesnyye oblaka 12:22
VI. Devushka i yunosha 17:58
VII. Vy ne opravdalis' 19:10
VIII. V tverdi nebesnoy 22:15
IX. Ya s pechal'yu 24:55

Dargomyzhsky, Alexander Sergeyevich (1813-69) -composer
Galina Vishnevskaya -soprano
Mstislav Rostropovich -piano

Anatoly Solovyanenko — songs of Dargomyzhsky (recital, 1982)
Анатолий Соловьяненко — романсы А. С. Даргомыжского

1) Вертоград / Vertograd (Garden of my sister...) (0:17)
2) Чаруй меня, чаруй! / Charm me, charm! (3:46)
3) Ночной зефир струит эфир /The night zephyr stirs the air (6:14)

Фрагмент сольного концерта в Большом зале Московской консерватории (1982)

Yevgeny Nesterenko - 3 Dargomyzhsky romances 1985
Pavillion recordings 1985
Евгений Нестеренко исполняет романсы A.Даргомыжского
1, Тимофеев - "Баллада "
2. А.С.Пушкин - "Я Вас любил"
3. М.Ю.Лермонтов - Мне грустно
Alexander Dargomyzhsky - «Bolero» (1839)
Orquesta Sinfónica de la URSS
Dir. Yevgeny Svetlanov
Pianist Suzanne Kirsh - Valse Melancholique, Dargomyzhsky
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