Vincent d’Indy  
Vincent d’Indy
Vincent d’Indy, in full Paul-Marie-Théodore-Vincent d’Indy (born March 27, 1851, Paris, France—died Dec. 1, 1931, Paris), French composer and teacher, remarkable for his attempted, and partially successful, reform of French symphonic and dramatic music along lines indicated by César Franck.

D’Indy studied under Albert Lavignac, Antoine Marmontel, and Franck (for composition). In 1874 he was admitted to the organ class of the Paris Conservatoire, and in the same year his second Wallenstein Overture was performed. He considered French 19th-century music and the tradition of the Paris Opéra, of the Paris Conservatoire, and of French “decorative” symphony to be superficial, frivolous, and unworthy to compete with the Teutonic Bach-Beethoven-Wagner tradition. The character of his own music revealed meticulous construction but also a certain lyricism. His harmony and counterpoint were laboriously worked out, but in his later work, free and unorthodox rhythms came easily and fluidly.

D’Indy’s most important stage works were Le Chant de le Cloche (1883; “The Song of the Clock”), Fervaal (1895), Le Légende de Saint Christophe (1915; “The Legend of Saint Christopher”), and Le Rêve de Cinyras (1923; “The Dream of Cinyras”). Among his symphonic works, Symphonie sur un chant montagnard français (1886; “Symphony on a French Mountaineer’s Chant”), with solo piano, based entirely on one of the folk songs d’Indy had collected in the Ardeche district, and Istar (variations; 1896) represent his highest achievements. His 105 scores also include keyboard works, secular and religious choral writings, and chamber music. Among the latter are some of his best compositions: Quintette (1924); a suite for flute, string trio, and harp (1927); and the Third String Quartet (1928–29). He also made arrangements of the hundreds of folk songs that he collected in the Vivarais.

In 1894 d’Indy became one of the founders of the Schola Cantorum in Paris. It was through courses at this academy that he spread his theories and initiated the revival of interest in Gregorian plainchant and music of the 16th and 17th centuries. D’Indy also published studies of Franck (1906), Ludwig van Beethoven (1911), and Richard Wagner (1930). In France, Paul Dukas, Albert Roussel, and Déodat de Sévérac were among his disciples. Outside France, particularly in Greece, Bulgaria, Portugal, and Brazil, his influence was lasting upon composers interested in shaping folk music into symphonic forms.

Encyclopædia Britannica
Vincent D'Indy - Symphonie italienne in A minor (c. 1872)
Symphonie italienne in A minor (c. 1872)

I. Introduction et Allegro. Rome [0:00]
II. Scherzo. Florence [13:15]
III. Andante. Venise [18:09]
IV. Final (Saltarelle). Naples [24:54]

Iceland Symphony Orchestra
Rumon Gamba, conductor

Vincent D'indy Symphony on a French mountain air for piano and orchestra (1886)
Pnina Salzman and the Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra/ Mendi Rodan, conductor.
Vincent d'Indy - Symphony No.2 in B-flat major, Op.57 (1903)
Symphony No.2 in B-flat major, Op.57 (1903)

Mov.I: Extrêmement lent - Très vif - Un peu plus modéré - Mouvement initial 00:00
Mov.II: Modérément lent - Plus animé 12:35
Mov.III: Modéré - Très animé - Modéré - Assez vif - Très vif 24:07
Mov.IV: Lent - Modérément lent - Modéré et solennel - Assez vif - Lent 29:48

Orchestra: Orchestre du Capitole de Toulouse

Conductor: Michel Plasson

V. D'Indy: Symphonie No. 3 en Ré majeur Op.70 "Sinfonia Brevis de Bello Gallico" (1918)
Iceland Symphony Orchestra conducted by/Orquesta Sinfónica de Islandia dirigida por Rumon Gamba.

I. Lent et calme - Animé (0:00 - 10:15)
II. Assez vite (10:16 - 14:53)
III. Lent (14:54 - 23:40)
IV. Très animé (23:41 - 32:21)

D'Indy's final symphony might be seen as a monument to French patrtiotism and nationalism during WWI, which became almost extinct after the conflict ended. It musical qualities and tensions make it one of the landmarks of French late romanticism.

Vincent D'Indy - Médée, Op. 47 (1898)
Médée, Op. 47
Orchestral Suite after the Tragedy by Catulle Mendès (1841 – 1909)

I. Prélude. Très lent – Vif... [0:00]
II. Pantomime. Assez lent – Danse. Un peu plus vite [8:53]
III. L’Attente de Médée. Très lent – Très animé... [12:08]
IV. Médée et Jason. Modérément animé – Animé... [17:17]
V. Le Triomphe Auroral. Très lent – Plus vite... [20:53]

Iceland Symphony Orchestra
Rumon Gamba, conductor

Vincent D'Indy - Poème des rivages, Op. 77 (1919/21)
Poème des rivages, Op. 77 (1919/21)

I. Calme et lumiere [0:00]
II. La joie du Bleu profond [11:39]
III. Horizons verts [17:19]
IV. Le mystere de l’Ocean [25:44]

Iceland Symphony Orchestra
Rumon Gamba, conductor

Vincent D'Indy - Prelude to Act I of ''Fervaal'', Op. 40 (1889-95)
Prelude to Act I of ''Fervaal'', Op. 40 (1889-95)

Lent et calme – Plus lent – En animant un peu –
Premier Mouvement, très calme – Très retenu

Iceland Symphony Orchestra
Rumon Gamba, conductor

Vincent D'Indy - Tableaux de Voyage, Op. 36 (1892)
Tableaux de Voyage, Op. 36 (1892)

I. Preambule. Assez lent [0:00]
II. En marche. Joyeusement [1:55]
III. Le Glas. Lent [4:47]
IV. Lac Vert. Tranquillement [8:13]
V. La Poste. Assez vite [10:02]
VI. Reve. Assez lent - Vite - [...] - Tres lent [11:20]

Iceland Symphony Orchestra
Rumon Gamba, conductor

Vincent D'Indy - Istar, Op. 42 (1897)
Istar, Op. 42 (1897)

Iceland Symphony Orchestra
Rumon Gamba, conductor

Vincent d'Indy (1851-1931) : Souvenirs, poème symphonique (1906) 1/2
Souvenirs, poème symphonique (1906) 1/2
Dir : Theodor Guschlbaver
Vincent d'Indy (1851-1931) : Souvenirs, poème symphonique (1906) 2/2
D'Indy Vincent Sainte Marie Madeleine Cantata op. 23
Sainte Marie-Madeleine
Cantata for soprano, female voices,
piano and harmonium, opus 23
arr. for orchestra
Lithuanian text

Nijole Ambrazaitite
Choir "Lepaites"
Lithuanian State Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra
Conductor Saulus Sondetskis

Vincent D'INDY - La Queste de Dieu
Drame sacré en trois actes et huit tableaux, achevé en 1915

"La Queste de Dieu", extrait de l’acte II

Enregistrement de 1957 par Gérard Poulet

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