Dietrich Buxtehude  
Dietrich Buxtehude

The only surviving portrait of Buxtehude, from A musical party by Johannes Voorhout (1674)
Dietrich Buxtehude, Dietrich also spelled Dieterich (born 1637, probably in Oldesloe, Holstein—died May 9, 1707, Lübeck), Danish or German organist and composer of church music, one of the most esteemed and influential composers of his time.

His exact place of birth is uncertain, and nothing is known of his early youth. It is usually assumed that he began his musical education with his father, who was organist at Helsingborg (c. 1638–41) and at Helsingør (Elsinore; c. 1642–71), both then part of Denmark. Buxtehude settled at Lübeck in 1688 as organist of St. Mary’s Church. There he gained such fame as a composer that the city became a mecca for musicians of northern Germany. The young Handel visited him in 1703, and in 1705 young Bach walked more than 200 miles to see him. Both young men hoped to succeed the master at Lübeck, but marriage to one of his daughters was a condition and each found it unacceptable.

Buxtehude’s duties as church organist included composing works for public festivals and for the marriages and funerals of the great merchant families of the city. He left a considerable amount of vocal and instrumental music, much of which was not recovered until the 20th century; much more certainly remains lost.

His most important and influential works are considered to be those for organ, which include toccatas, preludes, fugues, chaconnes, pieces based on chorales, and a passacaglia to which J.S. Bach’s Passacaglia in C Minor is indebted. The preludes are usually brief, and, with one exception, they are unlike Bach’s in having no thematic connection with the fugues that follow them. Most of the harpsichord music has been lost.

The vocal music consists chiefly of church cantatas in a variety of forms, more than 100 of which are extant. Their texts are rarely liturgical; the Bible, the hymnbook, and sacred verse of the time are their main sources. All are imbued with a devout simplicity that contrasts strongly with the elaborations of their Bachian successors. It is possible that some were written for the famous Abendmusiken, concerts of mixed vocal and instrumental music held in St. Mary’s in the late afternoons on five Sundays in the year. These performances, instituted by Buxtehude in 1673, became the pride of Lübeck, and their tradition was continued into the 19th century.

Encyclopædia Britannica
Dietrich Buxtehude (c.1637-1707) - Membra Jesu Nostri BuxWV 75
1-29 Membra Jesu nostri, BuxWV 75 (65:15)
I. Ad pedes
II. Ad genua
III. Ad manus
IV. Ad latus
V. Ad pectus
VI. Ad cor
VII. Ad faciem
30 Laudate, pueri, Dominum, BuxWV 69 (4:56)

Matthias Weckmann (c. 1616-1674)

31 Kommet her zu mir alle (8:42)

TT: 78:56

Emma Kirkby soprano (BuxWV 75, 69)
Elin Manahan Thomas soprano (BuxWV 75, 69)
Michael Chance counter-tenor (BuxWV 75)
Charles Daniels tenor (BuxWV 75)
Peter Harvey bass (BuxWV 75, Weckmann)

The Purcell Quartet
Catherine Mackintosh violin
Catherine Weiss violin
Richard Boothby bass violin
Robert Woolley organ

Susanna Pell treble viol (BuxWV 75-VI, 69) / bass viol (Weckmann)
Richard Boothby tenor viol (BuxWV 75-VI, 69, Weckmann)
William Hunt bass viol (BuxWV 75-VI, 69)
Reiko Ichise bass viol (BuxWV 75-VI, 69)
Asako Morikawa bass viol (BuxWV 75-VI)
Richard Campbell great bass viol (BuxWV 75-VI, 69, Weckmann)


The Purcell Quartet
Catherine Mackintosh
Antonio Mariani, Pesaro 1674
Catherine Weiss
Tomaso Eberle, Naples 1770
Richard Boothby
James Mackey, 1995, after Andrea Amati, Cremona 1565
Robert Woolley
single-manual, three-stop continuo organ by William Drake, Buckfastleigh (Devon) 1983

Dietrich Buxtehude - Chamber Sonatas - Ton Koopman
Dietrich Buxtehude - Complete Organ Works Vol I - Ton Koopman
Dietrich Buxtehude - Complete Organ Works Vol II - Ton Koopman
Dietrich Buxtehude - Keyboard Works - Rinaldo Alessandrini
Buxtehude - Membra Jesu Nostri (performed by The Sixteen)
Published on May 6, 2012
00:00 - Ad pedes
06:59 - Ad genua
14:51 - Ad manus
24:44 - Ad latus
32:59 - Ad pectus
43:40 - Ad cor
52:46 - Ad faciem

Harry Christophers
The Sixteen

Dietrich Buxtehude - Cantate Domino (BuxWV 12)
Greifswalder Domchor
Bach-Orchester Berlin
Wilhelm Ehmann, Helmut Kahlhöfer, Hans Pflugbeil

Cantate CD 57601

Bild Werkstatt Tilman Riemenschneiders, Musizierende Engel

Dietrich Buxtehude (1637-1707) Scandinavian Cantatas
Uploaded on Mar 21, 2011
00:00 - Herren vår Gud BuxWV 40
05:39 - Att du Jesu vill mig höra BuxWV 8

Theatre of Voices
Paul Hillier

Der Herr ist mit mir (BuxWV 15) - Dietrich Buxtehude
Uploaded on Jun 7, 2010
St. Joseph choir of Wekerle. Gergely Kaposi conducts the orchestra of Matthias Church. Soprano: Aniko Bakonyi Mezzo: Lucia Megyesi Schwartz Tenor: Jozsef Mukk Baritone: Laszlo Jekl
Magnificat, Dietrich Buxtehude
Uploaded on Jan 29, 2011
Concert de Noël 2010, église St Jean Baptiste de Sceaux,.
Chorale à Cœur Joie "La Villanelle"
Direction Odile Château
Piano Jacy Desmond
Dieterich Buxtehude - Chamber Music
Sonata No. 3 in G minor, BuxWV 261, Sonata No. 4 in C minor, BuxWV 262

performed by John Holloway, Jaap Ter Linden, Lars Ulrik Mortensen

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